This high-profile ministerial-level event adopted an evidence-based approach to determine strategies to address development challenges through peer-peer learning and south-south cooperation.Over 400 participants attended the two-day event hosted by the Government of Colombia in Bogota, including government officials from 66 countries, delegates from 38 multilateral organizations and 39 civil society organizations, parliamentarians and representatives from 15 academic institutions and think tanks.
Managing Director General Rajat M. Nag spoke in a plenary session on "What works and does not work in South-South cooperation? Experiences to date".
Outcomes of the event will feed into the preparations for the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, to be held in Seoul, South Korea in November 2011.
South-South Cooperation (SSC) and Capacity Development (CD) are highlighted by the 2008 Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) as valuable and necessary inputs for enhancing cooperation effectiveness and achieving development results.
On the basis of the AAA mandates, the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness (WP-EFF) endorsed a Task Team on South-South Cooperation (TT-SSC) during its meetings from 31 March to 1 April 2009 in Paris. The new TT-SSC, led by Colombia, received strong support from several countries and multilateral organizations. An overall objective of the Task Team is to understand the extent to which, on the one hand, the aid effectiveness principles might inspire the specific characteristics of SSC and, on the other, how SSC itself might feed into to the aid effectiveness agenda. In the first stage (until the proposed High-Level Event in 2010), the TT-SSC aims to document and analyze SSC experiences and their synergies with the aid effectiveness agenda. In the second stage and leading to the 4th High-Level Forum, the TT-SSC intends to identify and agree on good SSC practices. Among its core activities, the TT-SSC is committed to generate evidence on SSC and will thus dedicate an important share of its efforts to analytical work and dissemination.
In this context, the Colombia HLE-SSC/CD emerges as an opportunity for deepening the knowledge and analysis of key relevant issues, which are expected to gain importance in the emerging global aid effectiveness agenda. Colombia also expects that this meeting can contribute to make more visible the interests, needs, expectations as well as the potential of developing countries, in the global development architecture, to further boost the development of new mechanisms and modalities of international cooperation. The conclusions and recommendations derived from this meeting, then, are expected to provide valuable inputs for the preparation of the Korea HLF-4.
Together with its partners1, Colombia, as a middle-income country strongly committed to SSC in the aid effectiveness framework, expects that the HLE-SSC/CD, in 2010, will serve as an opportunity to:
Take stock on the advances of the TT-SSC and the CD Alliance/LenCD.
Allow partner countries, development partners and multilateral organizations to share their experiences in SSC and CD and thus enrich the ongoing analytical work of the TT-SSC, the CD Alliance and other relevant initiatives like the LenCD, the regional communities of practice and other processes at the United Nations level, particularly in the context of the Development Cooperation Forum at the ECOSOC.
Identify and discuss the synergies between SSC and CD.
Facilitate knowledge sharing and promote partnership, particularly among partner countries, and with donors, international organizations and civil society
Agree on recommendations and next steps towards the Korea High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF4) in 2011.
On the more operational level, the HLE will ensure:
A consistent participation of partner countries from all regions, ensuring that their perspectives on SSC and CD, in the effectiveness context, are included in the discussions.
Evidence based recommendations towards Korea HLF4, particularly regarding conceptualization and identification of good practices of SCC and CD in the context of the aid effectiveness agenda.
Share an example of South-South technical cooperation in the last five years. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Participants should have the technical knowledge and experience in this matter to participate actively in the working meetings. However, Ministerial level is also expected in order to guarantee countries' commitment with the different issues of the agenda.
1 Colombia has begun to identify possible partners for this meeting. Support expressions have been received from Egypt, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Papua Nueva Guinea, Peru, México, Korea, Germany, Spain, UNDP/UNDESA, World Band/World Bank Institute, IADB, ADB and OAS.