Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date 21 Jul 2006
PDS Updated as of 28 Oct 2010

Project Name Yellow River Flood Management Sector Project
Country China, People's Republic of
Project/Program Number 33165-013
Status Approved
Geographical Location Yellow River basin in North China
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Subsector Irrigation, Drainage, and Flood Protection
Strategic Agendas
Drivers of Change
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories


Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)

Safeguard Categories

For more information about the safeguard categories, please see

Environment B

Summary of Environmental and Social Issues

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation


The objective of the Yellow River Flood Management Sector Project (YRFMSP) is to reduce flooding incidence and damages in the lower Yellow River through improved river management and flood protection measures. The project will improve the environment in the lower river basin, and enhance protection of the poor and near poor against flood hazards. The components of the project are (i) flood management, (ii) flood control works, and (iii) village flood protection. The Flood Management component will strengthen the institutional and technical capacity of the Yellow River Conservancy Commission (YRCC) to manage the Yellow River basin in an integrated manner. The component, among others, will strengthen YRCC's capability to assess and resolve environmental, social and economic issues related to flood control interventions. The Flood Control Works component will comprise the rehabilitation and improvement of existing flood control embankments, river training structures, and the flood retention reservoirs. These will incorporate initiative to improve the environment through the planting of wave protection trees along the embankments and protection of wetlands. The Village Flood Protection component will involve construction and rehabilitation of elevated earth residential platforms and evacuation routes within the flood plains. The component will include construction of village infrastructure, social facilities, and housing for the poor on the platforms, and improvement of drainage to minimize water-logging. Trees and grasses will be planted to stabilize the platform slopes.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The river basin's most significant problem and the preponderant cause of flooding and related impacts in the lower river basin is the extremely high erosion of soil from the Loess Plateau, covering 640,000 square kilometers (km2), or 80 percent of the total catchment area. In times of high river flow the sediment is carried, at an average annual rate of 1.6 billion tons, into the lower river basin. Only about 25 percent of this sediment is carried through to the sea, the remainder is deposited in the river bed and flood plains. Hence, the bed of the river has risen at an average rate of 5-10 centimeters (cm) per year, and the flood control embankments have been periodically raised to counter this. The current comprehensive flood management plan comprises a range of interrelated and delicately balanced strategies for management of the natural resources base, including (i) extensive soil and water conservation programs in the upper and middle river reaches (particularly in the Loess Plateau); (ii) construction of multipurpose reservoirs; (iii) continuous adjustment and strengthening of flood control embankments in the lower river reach; (iv) development and improvement of flood retention basins in the floodplain to store flood water when embankments are at risk of overtopping; (v) implementation of development and building controls in flood-prone areas; and (vi) planning measures, such as the relocation of families presently living in areas of high flood risk such as the inner floodplain. These measures are complemented by flood prediction and warning systems, supported by an elaborate disaster relief system. In the wake of the catastrophic floods of 1998 in the Yangtze, Songhua, Nen, and Liao river basins (estimated to have caused direct economic losses in excess of $23 billion) MWR has been directed to, inter alia, prepare and implement a program to overhaul the nation's flood defense system and uniformly improve the standard of flood protection. For Yellow River the specific objective for 2010 is to strengthen the flood protection system to be able to withstand a flood of 1,000 years average recurrence interval. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has been requested to finance the Yellow River Flood Management Sector Project to help reduce flooding and flood hazards in the lower Yellow River.

Development Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Towards Outcome

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Status of Development Objectives
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing 2006 Jul 21
Consulting Services
The international consultants, including the consultant to be financed by the Government of Denmark, will be selected and engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants, and other arrangements acceptable to ADB for selecting and engaging domestic consultants. The consultants for the engineering study (32 person-months international and 766 domestic) will assist YRCC in the areas of flood forecasting and management, morphological modeling, asset management systems, reservoir operation, and survey equipment. The consultants for the project management component (48 person-months international and 384 domestic) will help in monitoring the environmental mitigation measures, implementing the resettlement plan, and strengthening PMO operations, particularly ESD in PMO. The Government of Denmark will finance a part of the engineering study (10 person-months of an international consultant) for the flood forecasting and warning system. The Project will require 80 person-months of international and 1,150 of domestic consulting services including engineering study, project management, environment, and social development (resettlement).
Goods and services for ADB-financed contracts will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Major contracts for equipment valued at more than $500,000 will be undertaken through ADB's international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures. Smaller equipment packages, of $500,000 or less each, will be procured following international shopping procedures. Civil works contracts estimated to cost more than $5 million will be carried out using ICB procedures while those of $5 million equivalent or less will be carried out using local competitive bidding (LCB) procedures in accordance with the tendering and bidding law and related regulations. Local contractors have the necessary expertise, experience, and capacity to undertake these contracts. However, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement, foreign contractors may bid on contracts using LCB. Civil works for the village flood protection component costing $1 million or less per package will be implemented under force account basis, since it would be difficult for local contractors to implement the component, which requires close coordination with large numbers of villagers.
Procurement and Consulting Notices


Concept Clearance 16 Jul 1999
Fact-finding 11 Sep 2000 to 29 Sep 2000
Management Review Meeting 01 Dec 2000
Approval 28 Aug 2001
Last Review Mission


Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual
Loan 1835 28 Aug 2001 10 Jun 2002 11 Sep 2002 30 Jun 2006 30 Jun 2008 16 Oct 2008


Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
22 Sep 2014 Loan 1835 99,236 0 87.00%
Cumulative Disbursements
22 Sep 2014 Loan 1835 113,768 0 100.00%

Status of Covenants

Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.

Approval No. Category
Sector Social Financial Economic Others Safeguards Project Financial Statements
Loan 1835

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Yoshiaki Kobayashi (
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies Ministry of Water Resources
*Li Ge


Project Website
List of Project Documents