Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date 14 Jul 2008
PDS Updated as of 05 Mar 2013

Project Name Secondary Education Support Project
Country Nepal
Project/Program Number 34022-022
Status Approved
Geographical Location Nationwide
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector Not yet classified
Subsector For Classification
Strategic Agendas
Drivers of Change
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories


Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)
Grant3927Denmark - DANIDA (w/ LoA)23,700
TOTAL US$ 23,700

Summary of Environmental and Social Issues

Within this limited access, there are further disparities by geographic location, as well as economic and social background. Girls are disproportionately disadvantaged in all categories. Girls constitute 43% of total primary enrollment, 41% of lower secondary enrollment, and 40% of secondary enrollment. Significant gaps exist between the poor and the non poor. According to the Nepal Living Standards Survey (1996), children from the highest income quartile are twice as likely to be enrolled in primary schools and 10 times as likely to be enrolled in secondary schools than children from the lowest income quartile. Participation rates also vary considerably across the geographic regions with people living in the mountainous belt and the Far Western Region being the most disadvantaged. Participation rates for students belonging to disadvantaged groups also decline as students move to higher levels of education. This is also true of students with physical disabilities. Lack of education limits employment opportunities for the poor, constrains productivity, and perpetuates poverty. Lack of access to education is a major cause of poverty among Nepal s disadvantaged groups.

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

Consultations with the Government and its relevant agencies handling education will be continued.

During Project Design
During Project Implementation


The Project's objective is to improve the quality of public secondary education and improve access to education for the underserved groups, particularly girls and children from disadvantaged groups. The Project will have four components: (i) increasing equitable access to an improved learning environment especially for educationally disadvantaged groups, ethnic minorities, and girls; (ii) an improved and relevant curriculum, improved assessment and accessible instructional materials; (iii) an improved and sustainable system for the education, development and management of teachers; and (iv) improved institutional capacity and management for more efficient and effective delivery of education.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Secondary education has a long term positive impact through: (i) human development and productivity efficiency through increased numbers of higher quality secondary students, and a better qualified and more productive workforce leading to improved earnings. Investment in lower secondary and secondary education, where basic cognitive skills are acquired and consolidated, is particularly valuable because it improves basic productivity as well as increases basic welfare. Investment in secondary education also improves the quality of, and increases the number of entrants to, higher levels of education, where higher cognitive skills are acquired, with the resulting improvement of higher order productivity. Significant social benefits are derived from girls? education such as lower fertility, improved health and nutrition status of their families, and higher education attainment of their children leading to intergenerational benefits. The implication is that investment in this education subsector potentially has higher returns, both for the individual and for society.

Development Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Towards Outcome

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Status of Development Objectives
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing
Consulting Services
Procurement and Consulting Notices


Concept Clearance
Fact-finding 12 Feb 2002 to 22 Feb 2002
Management Review Meeting 30 Apr 2002
Approval 20 Sep 2002
Last Review Mission


Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual


Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
Cumulative Disbursements

Status of Covenants

Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.

Approval No. Category
Sector Social Financial Economic Others Safeguards Project Financial Statements
Grant 3927

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Kowsar P. Chowdhury (
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Human and Social Development Division, SARD
Executing Agencies Ministry of Education & Sports
Mr. Lava Kumar Devacota, Secretary


Project Website
List of Project Documents