Project Name Greater Mekong Subregion Transmission Project
Project Number 34390-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2052-CAM: Greater Mekong Subregion Transmission Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 44.30 million
Loan: Greater Mekong Subregion Transmission Project
World Bank US$ 16.00 million
Nordic Development Fund US$ 11.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Energy - Electricity transmission and distribution
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The main components of the project will be: (i) construction of a double circuit 220 kv transmission line approximately 110 km. long from the Vietnamese borders to Phnom Penh, associated substations and distribution works in Phnom Penh; (ii) construction of a power supply to affected households along the transmission line route; (iii) rehabilitation and expansion of the generating and distribution systems (22 kv and LV) in selected provincial towns; (iv) provide training to EDC staff and capacity building for the Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC); and (v) undertake studies of the feasibility of some small hydropower projects and prepare bidding documents.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government?s Second Socioeconomic Development Plan 2001?2005 targets

(i) economic growth for poverty reduction, (ii) development of the private sector, and (iii) good governance. This is supported by the national poverty reduction strategy (2003?2005). The country strategy and program update identifies three priority areas for ADB support, namely rural economic development, human resources development, and private sector development. The proposed project is fully consistent with ADB?s and the Government?s strategy for the sector and with ADB?s subregional strategy.

Impact (i) stimulate trade and economic growth in the subregion by promoting the provision of sustainable and reliable electricity at affordable prices to consumers in Cambodia; (ii) promote socioeconomic development and poverty reduction in Cambodia by enhancing accessibility to electricity on the part of the poor by continuing to reduce the high up-front connection costs.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

1. Promote the provision of sustainable and reliable electricity at affordable prices to consumers in Cambodia; and

2. Enhance accessibility for the poor by promoting a pro-poor policy environment in the sector

Progress Toward Outcome

1. The Project has achieved the expected outcome of providing sustainable and reliable electricity at affordable prices to consumers in the project towns. Takeo and Phnom Penh have used reliable and cheaper electricity sources from Viet Nam since March and May 2009, respectively. Since the connection of power from Viet Nam commenced, the supply of power in Phnom Penh almost meets the demand compared with major shortages of power before the connection of the lines. The average purchase price of $0.065 to $0.07 per kWh of electricity sourced from Viet Nam is cheaper than the average cost of about $0.17/KWh of power sourced from local diesel generators.

2. Construction of 22 kV distribution lines connecting 22 villages, where about 2,920 families live, was completed. EDC has issued an instruction that allows poor customers to pay connection fees in installments and also offered low-cost, 5-ampere capacity connections to poor customers.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Construction of the 230 kV transmission line from the Viet Nam border to the Phnom Pen substation was completed. The power line has been transmitting electrical power from Viet Nam to the Phnom Penh substation since 8 May 2009;

2. 22 kV distribution lines for bulk supply to affected communities living along the transmission route was completed;

3. An environment and resettlement unit was established;

4. Affected people received compensation according to the resettlement plan.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. Construction of the 230 kV transmission line from the Viet Nam border to the Phnom Pen substation was completed. The power line has been transmitting electrical power from Viet Nam to the Phnom Penh substation since 8 May 2009;

2. 22 kV distribution lines for bulk supply to affected communities living along the transmission route was completed;

3. An environment and resettlement unit was established;

4. Affected people received compensation according to the resettlement plan.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The Project has been assessed as falling into environment category B. The construction and operation of the proposed Project did not have any major adverse environmental impacts. A low-impact route has been selected for the transmission line, with an emphasis on avoiding settlements, minimizing line length, and providing easy access to the line for construction and maintenance.

The Project did not cause significant involuntary resettlement. It used paddy land for two substations and take over land occupied by productive trees. The impact was minimized by routing the transmission line away from built-up areas.

Involuntary Resettlement A resettlement plan was prepared and implementation of all resettlement activities were completed.
Indigenous Peoples The social analysis shows that all vulnerable groups are Khmer, but not indigenous people.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design A stakeholder analysis was undertaken during the social assessment and has contributed to the resettlement planning process.
During Project Implementation Stakeholder consultations were undertaken during project implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The project implementation consultants (PIC) and all other consultants will be recruited and supervised by EDC in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the engagement of domestic consultants. The PIC will (i) prepare preliminary designs and documents to pre-qualify the bidders and for bidding of the works, (ii) assist with evaluation, (iii) supervise construction, (iv) organize implementation of the Resettlement Plan, and (v) recruit the independent resettlement monitoring organization.
Procurement All procurement financed by ADB will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Guildeines for Procurement. The major works for the ADB financed portion of the project will be procured from pre-qualified contractos for (i) a turnkey contract for the transmission lines, and (ii) a turnkey contract for the substations at Takeo and West Phnom Penh. Procurement for project components financed by World Bank and NDF will be made under their procurement guidelines.
Responsible ADB Officer Ouk Nida
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Electricite Du CambodgeMr. Chan SodavathSt. 19, Wat Phnom, Daun Penh, Phnom Penh
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2001
Fact Finding 05 Jun 2003 to 16 Jun 2003
MRM 21 Jul 2003
Approval 15 Dec 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Oct 2009
Last PDS Update 14 Jul 2011

Loan

Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 50.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 23.70 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 27.00 - 0.00 0.00 %

LoanĀ 2052-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Dec 2003 10 Nov 2004 25 Mar 2005 31 Dec 2008 31 Dec 2010 09 May 2011
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 95.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 44.30 15 Dec 2003 38.90 0.00 100%
Counterpart 23.70 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 27.00 15 Dec 2003 38.90 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - -

This project data sheet was generated from http://www.adb.org/projects/34390-013/main on 29 August 2015