Project Name Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project
Project Number 37056-013
Country India
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2159-IND: Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 46.10 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural drainage - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Project aims to improve rural livelihoods and reduce rural poverty through improved irrigation service delivery, enhanced agricultural practices, and strengthened water resources management to increase the productivity of irrigated agriculture in Chhattisgarh.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Project is closely aligned with the development objectives of ADB, Government of India, and Chhattisgarh that promote equitable growth through sustainable agriculture and rural development. ADB's country strategy and program places emphasis on supporting new states (including Chhattisgarh) with higher than average poverty incidence and a strong commitment to reform.
Impact Improve rural livelihoods and reduce rural poverty.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

1. Attain more effective management, development, and operation and maintenance (O&M) of irrigation systems by Water Resource Department (WRD) and water users associations (WUAs) for improved irrigation service delivery.

2. Improve agricultural practices for increased yields and expand area of rabi (dry season) and more diversified cropping.

Progress Toward Outcome

Project implementation commenced in September 2006. Policy and institutional reforms are in progress and being monitored. In 2012 Kharif cropping intensity was maintained at 100% and rabi (2012-13) intensity increased to 53% in the irrigation schemes where water is available for Rabi season and R&U work are not preventing irrigation.

Average rice yield increased to 5.9MT/ha for schemes under Intensive Irrigation Program (IIP) during 2012 Kharif season. This is more than 110% above pre-project level for irrigated rice. Average wheat yield for 2011-12 Rabi was 1.4 t/ha. In all the systems covered under IIP formation of sub-committees as per the PIM Act have been completed. Farmers are cultivating diversified Rabi cropping in all systems under IIP.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Institutional strengthening and capacity development for WRD.

2. Improved institutional framework and capacity development for WUAs

3. R&U of existing irrigation schemes leading to improved performance

4. Improved capacity and willingness of farmers to engage in rabi cropping and diversified farming in irrigation system.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

PIM unit is functioning with one executive engineer and nine assistant engineers and one PIM Expert at Raipur, Ambikapur and Bilaspur training centres in addition to office staff.

SDU was not functional and during the Mission (6-9 Aug 2012), SDU has been revived with the assignment of one Executive Engineer and two assistant engineers. WRD has initiated process for approval of PSC for engaging experts for SDU, and the approval is still awaited.

WRD's needs assessment and capacity development programs have been prepared and about 1500 WRD staff have been trained in PIM and water management aspects. A participatory workshop on the capacity building plan was organized with WRD staff. Training manuals for trainers and trainees were developed and training provided to WRD staff. In addition, WRD staff participates in TA-managed WUA capacity building (PIM Training conducted for WUAs by NGO; and intensive interventions).

The training center building of Raipur, Bilaspur and Ambikapur are completed. A training center development strategy was prepared by the PMU but need to be revised as it is not ensuring a long term institutionalization. ADB engaged capacity development expert to develope strategy for short and long term capacity development for WRD officers, who has submitted the report.

Progressive PIM act approved in 2006.

The second amendment to the PIM Act includes change/addition in the rule numbers 37 and 83 and section 5, 8 and 11 of the PIM act, which was sent for approval of GOC and notification in Gazette. Amendment to rule number 37 has been notified in the gazette on 23 December 2011 and amendment to Rule 83 is added and published in gazette notification on 3.8.2012. Cabinet approval to the proposal sent by WRD on 23 September 2011 for amendment to section 5, 8 and 11 of the PIM act section is still awaited. On 10 August 2010, based on the approval received from the Department of Finance (DOF), WRD approved the proposal to enhance the percentage of water fee to be shared with WUAs from 25% to 50% to be implemented only for CIDP schemes which was later extended to the entire state through a second note from WRD dated 29 September 2010. After the approval of WRD and concurrence of the Law Department, a note to modify the relevant rules to increase the share of WUAs from 25% to 50% has been sent to GOC for cabinet approval on 4 May 2011 which is still awaited.

3rd amendment to allow WUAs to retain part of the collected water fee at the source has been submitted for approval of the Government of Chattisgarh on 29 June 2011- Government approval still awaited

WUA capacity building is being done at three levels:

(i) Experiential capacity building through WUA-managed interventions under Intensive Intervention Program (IIP). In Rabi 2012-13 covering 50 CIDP systems (about 100,000ha), WUA capacity is being developed through WUA-managed Irrigation O&M and agriculture interventions. WUAs are involved in input-output marketing and are developed as Multi-functional organizations

(ii) Periodic capacity building through formal sessions in the balance CIDP systems and

(iii) State-wide basic (formal) training on PIM for selected WUA Representatives from all the 1324 WUAs in the State and sharing IIP strategy, process and experience gained in CIDP pilot schemes with Non-CIDP WUAs.

A list of 902 eligible WUAs (CIDP-189 and non-CIDP-713) has been finalized and grant released to 150 WUAs (CIDP 106 and non-CIDP 44).

Return of a share of the water fee by DOF/WRD to WUA as per PIM Act provision is still to be implemented.

As of 31 December 2012 R&U works of 134 minor and medium schemes covering about 151,209 ha are reported to be completed and works for the remaining 10 schemes are ongoing. Out of 148 sub projects taken up for implementation, 4 sub projects (3146 ha) have been dropped. Remaining 144 schemes cover an area of 173984ha.

Geographical Location State of Chhattisgarh

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination (IEE) for the pilot subprojects and for the entire Project has been prepared. The IEE for the pilot subprojects did not predict impacts of significance. The IEE for the entire Project concluded that all the components should provide substantial environmental benefits in the medium to long term except for R&U, which is not anticipated to create any negative impacts. During project implementation the IEE reports including site specific environmental management and monitoring plans were developed for 159 schemes (including 4 pilot subprojects) out of which 148 schemes were taken up for implementation. The environmental impacts during construction phase were limited to canal corridor, and mostly remained temporary and reversible in nature.
Involuntary Resettlement The social impact assessment studies inferred that none of the subprojects entailed any land acquisition, involved any resettlement and impacted any tribal community and accordingly no resettlement plan and indigenous peoples development plan was required under the Project.
Indigenous Peoples The social impact assessment studies inferred that none of the subprojects entailed any land acquisition, involved any resettlement and impacted any tribal community and accordingly no resettlement plan and indigenous peoples development plan was required under the Project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation INRM continued to monitor the progress closely to ensure the project delivers the expected outcome and outputs that were accepted by the EA.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The Project will require 382 person-months of consulting services: 92 international and 290 domestic (an additional consulting package will be financed through a grant from the Government of the United Kingdom). The input reflects the combination of support to implement the physical works as well as the institutional strengthening necessary to make the investments effective and sustainable. Assistance is required to introduce new concepts of participatory irrigation management, social development, and modern design procedures through both formal and on-the-job training for the Water Resources Department (WRD) staff that will support the new WRD units. NGOs have been contracted to support implementation of project activities through procedures acceptable to ADB. Consultants have been engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for selecting domestic consultants. The quality- and cost-based selection method used to select consulting firms.
Procurement Procurement financed from the ADB loan proceeds will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Civil works costing over $3 million will be procured through international competitive bidding procedures, and those estimated to cost $3 million or less will be procured through local competitive bidding procedures acceptable to ADB. Civil works awarded under local competitive bidding will be procured from prequalified bidders based on the Water Resources Department's existing system of advance prequalification acceptable to ADB, and award of contracts will be consistent with procurement procedures acceptable to ADB.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Raghavendra R. Naduvinamani
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division India Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Water Resources Department,Gov't of Chhattisgarh
Mr. C. K. Khaitan
R. N0 316, Mantralaya, DKS Bhawan, Raipur Chhattisgarh


Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2003
Fact Finding 05 Jul 2004 to 27 Jul 2004
MRM 20 Aug 2004
Approval 29 Mar 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 02 Feb 2007
Last PDS Update 26 Mar 2013

Loan 2159-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Mar 2005 20 Mar 2006 30 Jun 2006 31 Mar 2013 - 22 Aug 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 66.60 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 46.10 29 Mar 2005 32.44 0.00 100%
Counterpart 20.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Mar 2005 32.44 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

TA 4573-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Mar 2005 09 Nov 2005 09 Nov 2005 31 Mar 2012 31 Mar 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 0.00 475,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 475,000.00 29 Mar 2005 2,641,441.81
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

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