|Project Name||Implementing the Greater Mekong Subregion Core Agriculture Support Program (Phase 2)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production
Industry and trade - Small and medium enterprise development
Information and communication technology - ICT industries and ICT-enabled services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed RETA will conduct regional studies to identify suitable regional interventions as well as assist the countries in mobilizing required resources to implement the CASP Phase II. Regional fora will be organized to propose harmonization of policies and standards to capitalize on the subregion's locational and other competitive advantages. Technological innovations offer a rich source of opportunity for collaboration and to stimulate emerging business sectors associated with ethical consumerism and sustainable natural resource management. The GMS WGA will work closely with other GMS Working Groups (trade and transport facility, environment, and tourism) to align strategies and maximize impact.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The proposed RETA will prioritize activities to support Pillars 1 and 2 of CASP Phase II, and synergism between CASP Phase II and the Core Environment Program (CEP) Phase II. Activities on food safety standards, paperless trading, climate friendly agriculture, development of roadmap on synergism between CASP Phase II and CEP Phase II, knowledge sharing activities including GMS agriculture trade exhibition and establishing communities of practice will be undertaken. In addition, the proposed RETA will enable the GMS WGA to respond to the priority needs identified in GMS countries during the Fourth GMS Summit. It will further enhance the GMS WGA to respond to emerging challenges to agriculture development, specifically those linked to expanding cross-border trade in agri-food products, climate extreme and risk mitigation, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and food and bio-energy security. Under the proposed RETA, options for financing, partnership facilities and cooperation funding from various sources and modalities will also be explored to ensure the sustainability of the GMS WGA. In light of its pivotal role in ensuring the effective implementation of regional-level activities under CASP Phase II, the GMS WGA will require adequate resourcing in order to drive new regional initiatives and fulfill its role as a forum for knowledge exchange among GMS countries.|
|Impact||A more integrated, climate friendly agricultural sector in the GMS|
|Description of Outcome||Enhanced market access for environmentally friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders|
|Progress Toward Outcome||TA Implementation Ongoing.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Strengthened regional policy framework and capacity for agri-food quality management
2. Established electronic trade of environmentally friendly agri-food production of smallholders
3. Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture
4. Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination
5. Strengthened regional cooperation on agriculture in the GMS
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
A major change in the TA to increase in the TA amount by $ 5.5 million equivalent comprising $5.0 million equivalent from the Nordic Development Fund (NDF) and $0.5 million from ADB Technical Assistance Special Fund was approved by ADB Board of Directors in October 2013).
The overall progress of planned activities against the Annual Work Plan 2014 targets is generally satisfactory. Inception workshops were held in all six GMS countries. These workshops equipped officials of concerned government agencies with knowledge and expertise needed to effectively implement CASP 2 activities. For additional capacity-building and awareness on climate-friendly agriculture of government officials, support to attend various trainings and meetings was provided.
Several programs and activities were carried out to strengthen regional cooperation among GMS countries. Several key initiatives were carried out in 2014, including design, development, and implementation plan for the following activities: (i) Training of Master Trainers and Farmer Leaders Program; (ii) formulation of strategies, criteria, and guidelines for the establishment and management of 21 demonstration farms; and (iii) finalization of the Letter of Agreement (LOA) format and proposals from all six GMS countries.
In December 2014, the first LOA was signed with Cambodia, followed by LOA Training for officials of government agencies that will implement activities funded under the LOA arrangement. The adoption of the LOA will greatly enhance country ownership of TA activities and expedite operations.
The Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was initiated to provide a platform for CASP 2 to work with private companies and NGOs. The MOU is intended to help farmers acquire knowledge, technologies, and experiences on climate-friendly agriculture (CFA) and to access markets for their CFA products. The first MOU was signed with a firm in Thailand last September 2014.
The regional WGA Secretariat was established in ADB Resident Mission in Bangkok, Thailand. Recruitment of NSSU staff was completed in 2014 for all six GMS countries. Two consulting firms were also recruited. More specialist staff were recruited in the second half of 2014. A consulting firm to work on a regional study on soil suitability mapping for biochar application was also recruited in November 2014.
For knowledge product and development, a regional study on food safety was fully achieved. Several videos and knowledge materials were produced and published on the newly established WGA website, Facebook and Youtube channel.
The key achievements for the 2015 are as follows: (i) 12th Annual Meeting of the WGA was held in Bangkok, Thailand on 25-26 June 2015; (ii) five LOAs (Thailand, Laos, China, Viet Nam, Myanmar) were signed and being implemented; (iii) training on LOAs were conducted; (iv) national workshop on participatory guarantee system was launched and completed; (v) key contract packages were procured; (vi) biochar mapping is being implemented; (vii) nitrogen cycle assessment is ongoing; (viii) six MOUs signed; (ix) training of master trainers and farmer leaders program ongoing; and (x) collaboration with other sectors such as the joint knowledge event with the Core Environment Program in June 2015, FAO for the energy sector, human resource sector on climate friendly agriculture; and (xi) national workshop on training of inspector in 4 GMS countries (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Viet Nam)
The Semi-Annual Meeting of the WGA is scheduled in December 2015.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Close consultations with WGA, concerned ministries and government agencies, and stakeholders were carried out to obtain their views on needs of the GMS, priorities of the GMS countries, and support for the agriculture sector during project design and formulation.|
|During Project Implementation||Regular communications and consultations with stakeholders are being maintained to ensure effective implementation of the project.|
|Consulting Services||ADB will engage international and national consultants to provide about 700 person-months of consulting services to assist the GMS countries to expand subregional cooperation: (i) develop roadmaps and plans and implement each pillar of the CASP Phase II by conducting studies and pilot projects for scaling up regional investments, consistent with GMS Master Plan; (ii) mobilize resources from development partners and private sector to support CASP Phase II; and (iii) enhance institutional capacity for regional cooperation and ensure collaboration of R-PATA activities and outputs with activities of other GMS Working Groups and of development partners. In addition to international consultants, the TA will provide 546 person-months of individual national consultants to work together with international consultants in supporting the implementation of CASP Phase II. ADB will select and engage consultants in accordance with its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (March 2013, as amended from time to time). Disbursements under the TA will conform to ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (May 2010, as amended from time to time). All procurement will be done in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (March 2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Pavit Ramachandran|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong
Metro Manila, Philippines
P.O. Box 789, 1099 Manila,
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Sep 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Sep 2012||-||14 Sep 2012||14 Sep 2017||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|500,000.00||12,500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||13,000,000.00||14 Sep 2012||3,027,471.64|