Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date
PDS Updated as of 22 Jul 2014

Project Name Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Project (CAM)
Country Regional
Project/Program Number 40190-013
Status Approved
Geographical Location Regional
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Subsector Irrigation, Drainage, and Flood Protection
Strategic Agendas
Drivers of Change
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories Effective gender mainstreaming

Financing

Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)
Loan2970Asian Development Fund35,000
Grant0330Strategic Climate Fund5,800
Loan8262Strategic Climate Fund4,000
Counterpart 2,950
TOTAL US$ 47,750

Safeguard Categories

For more information about the safeguard categories, please see http://www.adb.org/site/safeguards/safeguard-categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Issues

Environmental Aspects
All identified adverse impacts resulting from the location, design, construction, and operation of the water management infrastructure are expected to be small to moderate and can be mitigated. Further updating of the environmental management plan will be undertaken before the commencement of site-specific construction activities.
Involuntary Resettlement
About 792 households (3,960 people) will be affected, including about 384 households (1,920 people) severely affected by potentially losing more than 10% of their productive land and/or productive assets. The total land take is estimated at 277.51 ha. A resettlement plan has been endorsed by the government and disclosed on ADB s website. The government has shown a commitment to managing social risks, but institutional capacity building is still necessary and is included in the project.
Indigenous Peoples
No indigenous people maintaining distinct cultural identities or separate cultural traditions were found to reside in the project area.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
Stakeholder consultations were conducted during the Project preparation, including during resettlement plan preparations and socio economic surveys in all areas covered by the Project District governments and officials of the communes, representatives of Women s Unions, Youth Organizations and potential affected people participated in various consultations. Focus group discussions with women were also conducted. Project Information Booklets written in the local languages were distributed and explained to the participants during those meetings. During inventory of losses the potential Affected Peoples were consulted on their initial preferences for resettlement and informed of the compensation and entitlement.
During Project Implementation
Consultation and participatory design of interventions and processes will commence starting from the preparation and implementation of land acquisition and resettlement plans towards the technical design and implementation of subprojects, in collaboration with displaced persons and stakeholders. Consultation will also be conducted during the process of updating the resettlement planning documents and participatory monitoring tools will be used throughout the project period. Community based disaster risk management actions will be supported in parallel to each infrastrucuture investment to ensure maximum ownership and understanding of the investments in each community. Careful communications and participatory approaches will be used extensively to facilitate the develop of the capacity of each community to prepare for and recover from flood and drought events, and to manage the sustainable operation and maintenance of the infrastruture developed through the proiect.

Description

The project will support the Government of Cambodia as it undertakes structural and nonstructural measures to prepare for and manage disaster risks linked to floods and droughts. Project interventions will (i) enhance the regional data, information, and knowledge base for the management of floods and droughts; (ii) upgrade or develop water management infrastructure; and (iii) prepare communities to manage disasters such as floods and droughts, and adapt to climate change. Improved drought management and irrigation water structures in Cambodia will benefit farmers on about 16,000 hectares (ha) of agricultural lands, and at least 10,000 people will benefit from improved flood management.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Mekong River is a major influence on the lives of the people in Cambodia. Annual floods are a source of livelihood and sustenance, but extreme flood events and droughts cause widespread hardship. The costs to the countries of the Lower Mekong basin (LMB), in terms of loss of life and damage to infrastructure by floods and economic losses from both flood and drought events are significant. In Cambodia, between 1987 and 2007, 15 flood events resulted in over 1,150 deaths, disrupted the lives of over nine million persons, and when combined with losses from five drought events, caused over $465 million in damage to structures and crops. Although the annual average losses are relatively low, floods and drought events cause episodic losses as illustrated by Typhoon Ketsana in September 2009 which resulted in $132 million losses in Cambodia. Flood damage and associated losses were estimated to range from 0.30 to 0.45% of gross domestic product in 2009 in teh lower Mekong basin countries. There is a growing need for improved community preparedness to manage increasingly frequent and severe climatic extremes. Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency of extreme flood events. While drought events do not result directly in deaths or structural damage, the disruption to lives and livelihoods, and the economic loss of agricultural production is substantial and limits the ability of rural communities to avoid poverty. These weather extremes illustrate the growing need for improving community preparedness to manage increasingly frequent disaster risks. Updating of infrastructure design standards will contribute to reducing the risks in Cambodia. While many of the nonstructural problems of data, warning systems and coordination of agencies are generic to LMB countries, problems related to physical structures, including canals, drains, control structures, are site specific. Flood and drought risk management as well as building communities resilience are identified as priorities in the national strategic development plans, sector strategies and national climate change adaptation plans. The proposed investment is one of the flagship programs of the 2002 Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Economic Cooperation Program Strategic Framework. Country agriculture and natural resources (ANR) sector assessments have confirmed drought and flood (extreme weather) events as key constraints to economies of the project countries and as contributing factors to persistent poverty in areas affected. Consequently, the proposed Project has two foci: (i) subregional activities to strengthen regional cooperation and integration (RCI) with regard to water resources management in general and flood/drought management in particular, and (ii) in country investments which combine structural and non-structural investments. Together, these will address the key subsector constraint of insufficient disaster preparedness of countries and communities to manage and mitigate the potential impacts of climate extremes.

Development Impact

Reduced economic losses resulting from flood and droughts

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Improved capacity and preparedness to manage and mitigate the impacts of flood and drought events
Progress Towards Outcome
The Project was declared effective on 23 June 2014. The recruitment of the project implementation consultants is ongoing. An ADB Inception Mission is scheduled in August 2014.

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
1. Regional coordination for management of flood and drought events strengthened 2. Water management infrastructure upgraded 3. Capacity for community based F&D management enhanced 4. Effective project implementation
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
The Project implementation has just started after the loan was declared effective on 23 June 2014. Recruitment of consultants for Project Implelemntation, design and construction supervision, community based disaster risk management and flood forecasting is in process. All consultants are expected to mobilize in Q1 and Q2 2015. Subsequently the works on these outputs will be started
Status of Development Objectives
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing 2010 Nov 03
Consulting Services
All consultants and nongovernment organizations (NGO) to be financed by the ADB loan will be recruited according to ADB s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The project implementation consultants will assist the CPMU with project implementation support, such as, (i) build the capacity of CPMU and PIUs in project management, procurement, and financial management; (ii) assist in updating the resettlement plan and environmental management plans based on the approved detailed engineering design; and (iii) assist in monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
Procurement
Procurement of civil works packages and goods and services following international competitive bidding and national competitive bidding procedures will be carried out by the CPMU. The EA will undertake procurement following ADB Procurement Guidelines.
Procurement and Consulting Notices
http://www.adb.org/projects/40190-013/business-opportunities

Timetable

Concept Clearance 05 May 2011
Fact-finding 28 Mar 2011 to 31 May 2011
Management Review Meeting 06 Jul 2012
Approval 12 Dec 2012
Last Review Mission

Milestones

Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual
Loan 2970 12 Dec 2012 17 Jan 2013 23 Jun 2014 30 Sep 2019
Loan 8262 12 Dec 2012 17 Jan 2013 23 Jun 2014 30 Sep 2019

Utilization

Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
31 Aug 2014 Loan 2970 0 0 0.00%
31 Aug 2014 Loan 8262 0 0 0.00%
Cumulative Disbursements
31 Aug 2014 Loan 2970 0 0 0.00%
31 Aug 2014 Loan 8262 0 0 0.00%

Status of Covenants

Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.

Approval No. Category
Sector Social Financial Economic Others Safeguards Project Financial Statements
Loan 2970
Grant 0330
Loan 8262

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Su Chin Teoh (steoh@adb.org)
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies

Links

Project Website http://www.adb.org/projects/40190-013/main
List of Project Documents http://www.adb.org/projects/40190-013/documents