|Project Name||Higher Education Reform Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education - Tertiary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The project will institute needed reforms in higher education (HE) to improve the quality and relevance of HE programs; governance, management, and financing of HE institutions (HEIs) and the entire subsector; and promote equitable access to HE. Project interventions include institutional capacity building, human resources development, provision of learning and research facilities, equipment and materials, consultant services, minor civil works, support for public-private partnerships (PPP), and improvement of the HE policy environment.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Rapid economic expansion has led to increased demand and supply for HE in Mongolia. The government has emphasized the value of HE as a principal investment option for the country's long-term economic competitiveness. Gross enrollment ratio for HE rose from 27% in 2000 to 47% in 2007, buttressed by the entry of private institutions offering HE in the 1990s. Over 100 HEIs are now in operation but only around 40% of graduates are employed. Persistent rural-urban inequalities also undermine Mongolia's competitiveness in HE. Poverty serves to destabilize children's school performance in rural areas and even if poor households manage to send their children to HEIs in urban areas, there is no guarantee of employability after the graduation. The government's vision is of an effective HE system that can help accelerate sustainable economic development, improve people's livelihood, ensure social equality, and reduce poverty. However, the system is currently constrained by (i) low quality and relevance, (ii) weak governance and management, (iii) inadequate financing, and (iv) limited opportunities in the HE subsector particularly for the poor and those in rural areas.|
|Impact||The project impact will be an increased number of Mongolia's globally competitive higher education graduates responsive to labor market demands.|
|Description of Outcome||The outcome will be an improved, well-managed, and equitable higher education system. The project primarily involves capacity building of the entire subsector to improve its performance.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
The overall project implementation progress is 53% as of end of the first quarter of 2016. The total contract award is 37% and disbursement is 30% of the net loan funds. The 85% of overall project implementation period has been elapsed. However, given the low utilization of the loan funds and the high volume of remaining works to complete, the MECS has proposed to extend the project closing date by 18 months or until 30 December 2018.
The draft law on higher education submitted to Parliament in December 18, 2015 for approval is under review by the parliament standing committee on social policy. In total, 3026 HEIs staff who involved in the capacity building training, 2935 for the domestic and 91 for the international study tour and training.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Quality and relevance of higher education programs improved
Effectiveness of HEIs' management and financing improved
Access to higher education improved.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
In February 2016 the MECS has finalized a list of 27 programs to be supported by the project for national and international accreditation. As well a working group to monitor the accreditation process was created by the ministerial order. Based on requests by HEIs and evaluation done, the MECS also has decided to provide financial support for the programs' accreditation activities.
National Center for Education Accreditation (NCEA) is working on development of the action plan for the twinning with the German accreditation agency ASIIN e.V.
Application of CDIO standards in three programs in engineering and technology (telecommunications, textile and industrial automation) programs is going on successfully. The 13 series of international and national training have been conducted on timely basis in accordance with the plan. In total 258 faculty members, employers and students have participated in 2 trainings conducted in 2015.
The establishment of faculty development center and 3 workshops for the selected programs are under the process.
The procurement of equipment for the CDIO workshops has completed and the items will be supplied in second quarter of 2016. The procurement of renovation works of CDIO workshops and faculty development center will be re-advertised in second quarter of 2016.
The Consulting Service on Higher Education Responsiveness to Labor Market (CSHERLB) has developed methodology and tools for Graduate Tracer Study, Employer's Satisfaction Survey and Labor Market Survey. It has organized workshop on Reflecting Labor Market Survey Findings for Higher Education Activities in December 2015. The consultants' team is now developing Curriculum and program review guidance note , Manual on Industry training programs and joint research projects through PPP , and Career guidance note for HEIs .
The MECS has announced the competitive grants for Promotion of Students' Initiatives and Partnership of Higher Education Institutions and Industry Training Programs from March 2016.
The Consulting Service for Higher Education Reform (CSHER) has been piloting the new governance model at the selected 4 HEIs The National University of Mongolia, The Health Science University, Otgontenger University and Ider Institute since July 2015. The CSHER has conducted 26 training on various subjects out of planned 34 reaching out to 1,100 participants from the HEIs.
Two contracts for procurement of equipment and software for the Distance Education Center has been signed off and the items will be supplied in the second quarter of 2016.
The Gender Working Group was established in December 2015, and now working on the methodology of curriculum review, code of conduct in Higher education.
|Environmental Aspects||The simplified environmental management plan was prepared to ensure full mitigation of any environmental impacts of limited civil works such as rehabilitation of existing facilities and libraries under the project.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No impact on environment and resettlement is anticipated. Neither acquisition of land nor relocation of people is planned.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No negative impacts on indigenous peoples are expected. Targeting approaches under the project will be applied nationwide and benefit indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The project implementation unit (PIU) was established at the Ministry of Education and Science, the project executing agency, and manages day-to-day project implementation, planning and budgeting, procurement, disbursement, monitoring, supervising, overseeing overall implementation, and reporting to the Government and ADB. Procurement and consulting recruitment will follow ADB Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time) and ADB Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time) respectively.|
|During Project Implementation||The MECS / PIU conducts consultation meetings and workshops with various stakeholders including the higher education institutes, other higher education sector projects in order to coordinate activities and exchanges experience. In addition it conducts thematic consultations workshops with specific audience.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Itgel Lonjid|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Mongolia Resident Mission|
Ministry of Education, Culture and Science
Government Building-III, Suite # 514, Baga toiruu-44, Sukhbaatar district
|Concept Clearance||10 Aug 2010|
|Fact Finding||30 Aug 2010 to 14 Sep 2010|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||31 Mar 2016|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|28 Jul 2011||09 Sep 2011||10 Jan 2012||30 Jun 2017||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||22.22||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||20.00||28 Jul 2011||8.43||0.00||47%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||28 Jul 2011||6.19||0.00||35%|