Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date
PDS Updated as of

Project Name Energy Efficient Municipalities Project
Country Thailand
Project/Program Number 43276-012
Status Proposed
Geographical Location
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector and/or Subsector Classification Energy
/ Energy Efficiency and Conservation
Thematic Classification Environmental sustainability
Gender equity
Gender Mainstreaming Categories Some gender benefits


Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)
Technical Assistance-Technical Assistance Special Fund500

Summary of Environmental and Social Issues

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation


The Energy Efficient Thai Municipalities (EETM) Project is designed to improve Thailand's energy security and decrease the rate of greenhouse gas emissions by promoting energy efficiency initiatives in Thai municipalities. This Project will build on the achievements of Mainstreaming Energy Efficiency in Thai Municipalities (TA 7194-THA) and focus on the implementation of EE measures on a large-scale across Thai municipalities nationwide. The key outcomes will be the large-scale retrofitting of administration buildings and street lighting of EE technologies adopting carbon financing (through the Clean Development Mechanism) and the strengthened capacity of PEA and municipalities to identify, design, finance, and implement energy efficiency measures. The scope of TA 7194-THA included the development of a project financing model that would be tested in the pilot programs in the six selected municipalities. However, based on the results of the investment grade energy audits most municipalities opted to use their own resources for implementation. In addition, the increase of the threshold of free electricity entitlements to municipalities resulted in the decrease of the number of municipalities exceeding the free quota. Hence EETM would need to incorporate two different financing approaches that would provide incentives for municipalities to implement EE measures. This would include the realignment of the existing free electricity quota to provide incentives for energy efficiency activities.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Governments, worldwide, are encouraging customers to use more efficient lighting, as the savings are much more than the avoided cost of adding new generation capacity, especially in public facilities, like public lighting. The additional benefits are environmental, including avoided greenhouse gas emissions. Australia, Canada, People's Republic of China, Thailand, Viet Nam, Philippines, Bangladesh and many other countries have used a CFL distribution program as an effective alternative to building new power stations to meet growing demand. Put simply, if 1 million incandescent bulbs are replaced with CFLs at a cost of about $1.5 million, the electricity demand will be reduced by 50 MW, in many cases. The impact on the power system will be the same as building a new 50 MW power station, which may cost at least $50 million, another $2 million to $3 million each year to operate, and 3 to 4 years for construction. The same logic applies for other form of lighting that are used for lighting public areas. In Thailand, and in many parts of the Southeast Asia, public lighting (street lighting and lighting of public areas) is subsidized and local government units are responsible for managing it. In the provinces, most street lighting uses inefficient lighting technologies, such as fluorescent lights, incandescent bulbs, and low-pressure mercury vapor lamps. Many countries, including Thailand, have developed national efficient public lighting programs. The use of efficient lights for lighting public areas would--as demonstrated by pilot project--reduce the need for energy generation and avoid the associated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The project will develop such projects for scaling up accross Thailand.

Development Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Towards Outcome

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Status of Development Objectives
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing 2012 Mar 16
Consulting Services
ADB will recruit a team of independent international consultants and possibly a national consulting firm for the provision of TA. The national consulting team may include a multidisciplinary team of specialists, including, Energy Efficiency Specialist (who may be Team Leader), Energy Policy and Finance Specialist, Clean Development Mechanism Specialist, Project Coordinator, Lighting Specialist, and a Training and Capacity Building Specialist. Details will be finalized during fact-finding.
Procurement and Consulting Notices


Concept Clearance
Fact-finding 08 Aug 2012 to 12 Aug 2012
Management Review Meeting
Last Review Mission


Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual


Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
Cumulative Disbursements

TA Amount (US$ thousand)

Approval Number Approved Amount Revised Amount Total Commitment Uncommitted Balance Total Disbursement Undisbursed Balance

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Sohail Hasnie (
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Energy Division, SERD
Executing Agencies


Project Website
List of Project Documents