Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
|PDS Creation Date||09 Apr 2010|
|PDS Updated as of||18 Jul 2014|
|Project Name||Social Protection Support Project|
|Geographical Location||The Project supports a nationwide reform agenda, and directly supports interventions in areas throughout the Philippines.|
|In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.|
|Sector||Health and social protection
|Drivers of Change||–|
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories||Gender equity as a theme|
|Type/Modality of Assistance||Approval Number||Source of Funding||Approved Amount (thousand)|
|Technical Assistance||7586||Technical Assistance Special Fund||800|
|Loan||2662||Ordinary capital resources||400,000|
|Technical Assistance||7587||Gender and Development Cooperation Fund||300|
For more information about the safeguard categories, please see http://www.adb.org/site/safeguards/safeguard-categories
The Project has no expected environmental impact, and does not involve any civil works, etc.
The Project will not involve involuntary resettlement.
The project is classified as category B for indigenous peoples (and category C for involuntary resettlement and environment), in accordance with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The project includes about 9,000 indigenous peoples household beneficiaries, who are among the poorest and most marginalized households in the Philippines. The project will significantly improve the health, education, and income status of these households. Key measures include (i) information and training provided to indigenous peoples in a form appropriate to their language and cultures; (ii) working with indigenous leaders and local NGOs to mobilize indigenous households to participate in the program; (iii) seeking transport assistance for indigenous peoples through coordination with LGUs or NGOs; (iv) targets of 10% indigenous women and 12% indigenous peoples total for municipal link positions in indigenous areas; and (v) sensitivity training and coaching to all 4Ps staff. Recent reviews in September/October and December 2011 indicate that the IPP is on-track, while identified some areas for follow-up and further monitoring. Additionally, related support under linked TA 7586 is assisting DSWD to further review IPP-related dimensions and design and assess the viability of a potential modified CCT program specifically targeted at IP communities.
|During Project Design
During project preparation, field consultations were undertaken including for preparing social and poverty analyses. This includes consultations with potential beneficiaries, schools and health facilities, parents groups, project staff and government staff at all levels. Consultations with Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and other interest groups were also conducted.
|During Project Implementation
Community participation is a key element of the Pantawid Pamilya CCT program and is integrated into the overall program design. Specific actions to ensure the participation of women, IPs and other vulnerable groups will be included through the preparation of a gender action plan (GAP) and an indigenous peoples assessment and measures. A grievance redress system (GRS) is established, featuring a publicly available grievance database to track and resolve complaints. Linked technical assistance (TA 7586-PHI) is supporting DSWD to expand engagement of CSOs in GRS, family development sessions, other aspects of CCT, and complementary supply-side intervetions (e.g., literacy and livelihood programs). In coordination with AusAID and World Bank, the TA has supported DSWD's conduct of a 3-part series of national and regional "CSO-DSWD Forums on CCT", successfully completed during September-December 2011, with further support planned in 2012.
|The project will support the Government of the Philippines in implementing and expanding its social protection agenda, especially the conditional cash transfer (CCT) program Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) and the national household targeting system for poverty reduction (NHTS-PR). The associated capacity development TAs will support capacity development and institutional strengthening of the government for efficient implementation of the social protection agenda.|
|Despite high economic growth over the past 6 years, poverty incidence in the Philippines increased from 30% in 2003 to 33% in 2006. Key causes of poverty include high inequality and chronic underinvestment in physical and human capital, especially health and education. As a result, the Philippines is lagging on progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets for universal primary education, maternal mortality, and access to reproductive health services. Net enrollment in elementary school declined from 99.1% in 1990 to 83.2% in 2007. Only 70% of students who enter grade 1 stay until grade 6, and one in five children 6 11 years old are not in school. Universal immunization against measles has not yet been achieved and malnutrition remains a major concern, with only 64% of children meeting normal weight-for-age standards. Maternal mortality rates remain high at 162 per 100,000 live births in 2006. Government estimates indicate that about 45% of Filipinos are vulnerable to falling into poverty if confronted by external shocks such as family health problems and deaths, loss of employment, natural disasters, and price increases. In 2007 2008, escalating food prices contributed to a 9.45% reduction in the average standard of living and an increase of more than 50% in the severity of poverty. In the absence of appropriate safety nets, households have developed coping mechanisms to external shocks that tend to erode human capital and perpetuate poverty, such as increasing working hours, changing eating patterns, withdrawing children from school, or foregoing critical health care. Demand-side constraints, such as financial barriers and lack of awareness of the importance of human capital investment, are key constraints to utilization of health and education services by the poor. Although many public health services are free, health facilities are often located in areas not easily accessible to poor families, leading to high transport costs. The average cost for travel to health facilities is P109 per visit, while outpatient treatment is P1,872 per person. Nearly half of the health care costs are paid out-of-pocket, and 79% of poor households have no insurance coverage. The poor are often unable to afford basic health care since out-of-pocket payments are required at the point of services. For education, demand-side factors are the main determinants of enrollment. Among girls 7 12 years old, the main reasons for being out of school are high associated costs and lack of interest. From 2002 to 2007, the number of out-of-school youth rose markedly for children 13 16 years old, reaching more than 20% in many regions. The leading causes were high cost of education (particularly for girls), lack of personal interest (particularly for boys), and working or looking for work. Government efforts to address poverty and improve human development outcomes have been compromised by low spending on social sectors, particularly social assistance programs. In 2009, national government spending on social services was only 5.9% of gross domestic product. Spending on social protection was even lower at only 1.2%, although it has increased from an average of 0.8% in 2005 2007. The social protection sector has been characterized by a lack of policy and institutional coordination, with several departments undertaking uncoordinated, and sometimes ineffective, programs. Benefits have been further compromised by weak targeting systems to identify beneficiaries and high leakages to the non-poor. To respond to these challenges, the government recently increased its focus on reforming and strengthening its social protection system. The reform agenda led by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) includes (i) accelerating social protection policy reform; (ii) improving targeting of programs; (iii) expanding the CCT program and strengthening delivery mechanisms, including governance systems and monitoring and evaluation; and (iv) securing adequate and predictable financing for social protection by consolidating programs and gradually expanding overall budget allocation. The reform agenda is well under way and significant government ownership is demonstrated through a doubling of the social protection budget since 2007.|
|Reduced income poverty and non-income poverty.|
|Description of Outcome
Increased consumption and utilization of education and health services among poor households and women beneficiaries of 4Ps.
|Progress Towards Outcome
The project is at the middle stages of implementation. Subject to continued progress, the outcome is expected to be achieved. The Project supports that Philippine government's Pantawid Pamilya program, and the first of 3 rounds of a joint impact evaluation series (involving cooperation between DSWD and ADB, Australia, and World Bank) points definitively to encouraging impacts in addressing poverty of human capital (the program's main focus), including evidence of increased preschool and school enrolment, deworming and immunization, pre- and post-natal care, etc., while also pointing to some areas (e.g., share of births in a facility) requiring further improvement, including through supply-side action.
|Description of Project Outputs
Output 1: National targeting system to select poor households implemented efficiently Output 2: Conditional health and education cash grants provided to poor households Output 3: Strengthened capacity for conditional cash transfer program operations Output 4: Improved systems for monitoring and evaluation of social protection programs
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
At least 80%, depending on assumptions about exclusion error NSCB 2009 = 3.9M poor families NHTS-PR 2011= 5.2M poor hh, expanded to 5.26M poor hh by August 2013 For current PMT model, estimated: ?Inclusion 22% (urban) and 25% (rural) ?Exclusion=35% (urban) and 25% (rural) For new PMT model, estimated: ?Inclusion 10.6% (NCR) and 13.8% (non-NCR) ?Exclusion=19.3% (NCR) and 6.8% (non-NCR) 4 national programs: ? Pantawid Pamilya; ? Social Pension Program; ? PhilHealth; ? CHED Student Grants in Aid Program 100% coverage (measured by receipt of at least 1 program): ? NHIP: 100% coverage (covers all 5.2 M NHTS-PR registered HHs). ? Pantawid Pamilya 76% coverage (3.9 Million Households) Total (Sets 2 & 3A-B): 459,408: Set 2 ? 249,101 Set 3A ? 106,378 Set 3B ? 103,929 Women as % of recipients (Sets 2 & 3A-B): 91.8% Set 2 ? 91.1% Set 3A ? 92.4% Set 3B ? 91.9% Average ? 94.3% Set 2 ? 94.3% Set 3A ? 94.1% Set 3B ? 94.5% Average : 99.1% Set 2 ? 98.9% Set 3A ? 99.3% Set 3B ? 99.1% Average : 85.8% Set 2 ? 86.2% Set 3A ? 85.4% Set 3B ? 85.9% Average : 95.41% attend monthly FDS Set 2 ? 95.71% Set 3A ? 94.99% Set 3B ? 95.52% DSWD further developing MapView and GIS-based applications to more effectively use and analyze such data. Consultant support identified as a priority under TA 7733. NPMO and 17 RPMO established and fully functional supported by various systems There are 141 local staff trained for gender sensitivity (topics include gender analysis and prevention of sexual harassment) and 308 local staff for IP-sensitivity. There are 141 local staff trained for gender sensitivity (topics include gender analysis and prevention of sexual harassment) and 308 local staff for IP-sensitivity. Municipal gender action plans (MGAPs) being implemented in pilot areas. GRS, BDMD and CVS Systems in place and being continuously updated/ strengthened DSWD (with World Bank support) is in the process of revisiting the current framework and guidelines to set appropriate time protocols for specific types of GRS grievances. Pending that, the cumulative resolution rate to date is 95%, with 4,927 cases currently undergoing redress. Phases A-B (originally scheduled for 2011) completed in 2013 (reports submitted); Phases C-D fielded. 1st wave IE: DSWD-World Bank-ADB-AusAID joint public launch of initial findings from 1st wave on 23 August 2012, and of final report for RCT portion on 26 February 2013 (following Academe forum on 19 February). 2nd wave IE: WB financing and providing technical lead, in consortium with ADB, AusAID and other TWG members 3rd wave IE: Loan 2662-financed, with ADB and PIDS expected to technically co-lead, in consortium with WB, AusAID, and other TWG members. Data collection in November 2015.
|Status of Development Objectives
|Date of First Listing||2010 May 20|
The Project s original procurement plan indicated loan financing for 57 consultants for the National and Regional Program Management Offices (NPMO and RPMO), with total estimated contract amount of $1.9 million. To date, DSWD has mobilized these NPMO and RPMO consultants using GOP funds. During the Midterm Review, DSWD confirmed that it will not seek Loan financing for 56 of these consultants, but requested the Project to finance the National Financial Analyst (included in the original procurement plan) plus 10 new contractual project staff positions who will carry out tasks directly related to the Project. These 11 positions will be recruited as individual consultants. The Project will also support consulting services on strengthening of the Management Information System. Firms will be recruited to undertake monitoring and evaluation studies, using fixed budget selection (FBS). The firm to undertake impact evaluation (data collection) will be recruited using quality and cost based selection (QCBS) while individual consultants (analysis) will be engaged using ICS. The firm to undertake the spot checks will be recruited using single source selection of the same firm recruited to undertake the spot checks under Set 1 of the 4Ps. Single source selection is justified on the basis of consistency of technical approach and continuity, which is important for this assignment. The firm to conduct spot checks in Set 1 areas were conducted competitively following World Bank guidelines. The Consultants will be engaged in accordance with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (April 2010, as amended from time to time). All opportunities must be published through both ADB Consulting Services Recruitment Notices (CSRN) and Philippine Government Electronic Procurement System (PhilGEPS).
All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. No international and national competitive bidding envisaged for the Project. Shopping will be used for contracts for procurement of works and equipment worth less than $100,000. Before the start of any procurement, ADB and the Government will review the public procurement laws of the national and local governments to ensure consistency with ADB's Procurement Guidelines.
|Procurement and Consulting Notices
|Concept Clearance||12 Apr 2010|
|Fact-finding||12 Apr 2010 to 23 Apr 2010|
|Management Review Meeting||–|
|Approval||02 Sep 2010|
|Last Review Mission||–|
|Technical Assistance 7586||02 Sep 2010||12 Oct 2010||12 Oct 2010||31 Aug 2012||31 Aug 2014||–|
|Technical Assistance 7587||02 Sep 2010||12 Oct 2010||12 Oct 2010||31 Jan 2013||31 Dec 2014||–|
|Date||Approval Number||ADB (US$ thousand)||Others (US$ thousand)||Net Percentage|
|Cumulative Contract Awards|
|Approval Number||Approved Amount||Revised Amount||Total Commitment||Uncommitted Balance||Total Disbursement||Undisbursed Balance|
|Technical Assistance 7586||800||800||731||69||642||158|
|Technical Assistance 7587||300||300||239||61||134||166|
Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.
|Sector||Social||Financial||Economic||Others||Safeguards||Project Financial Statements|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Camilla R. Holmemo ( @adb.org)|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Divisions||Human and Social Development Division, SERD|
Municipal Dev'l Fund Office-(Implementing Agency)
Department of Social Welfare and Development
|List of Project Documents||http://www.adb.org/projects/43407-013/documents|