||Transport Network Development Investment Program - Tranche 3
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Grant 0355-AFG: Transport Network Development Investment Program - Tranche 3|
|Asian Development Fund
||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector
- Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|| Effective gender mainstreaming
||Physical interventions under Tranche 3 include 178 km of reconstructed national road from Dar-i-Suf to Yakawlang linking the roads already completed under the ADB financed North South Corridor Project. Completion of this national road provides an alternative north south transit route from Mazar-e-Sharif to Kabul from the currently overloaded Salang Tunnel, a facility which has exceeded its engineering design life and is in need of major rehabilitation if it is going to continue to function. Additionally, Tranche 3 will provide community infrastructure specifically designed to improve the lives of women and children in some of Afghanistan's poorest provinces, Bamyan and Samangan, through betterment of sanitation facilities and practices.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
||As planned in the approved facility and linked documents, Tranche 3 of the investment program builds upon the lessons learned and progress from Tranches 1 and 2, and the complementary efforts of other development partners in the sector to further improve domestic and regional connectivity while widening access to social and economic opportunities. The proposed road subproject involves the reconstruction and upgrading of approximately 178 kilometers (km) of the road section from Dar-i-Suf to Yakawlang, which has been previously identified as a priority in the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and subsequent national planning and implementation frameworks. The rationale for the proposed subproject include: (i) completing the North South Corridor, which is an alternative route to using the Salang Tunnel; (ii) supporting completion of CAREC Corridor 5; and (iii) completing the first stage in cross country north south road from Mazar-e-Sharif to Kandahar. After years of use and lack of periodic maintenance, the subproject road in poor condition beyond repair, thus requiring major rehabilitation. Indeed, in its current condition, the road is impassable by motorized vehicles for many months throughout the year. This state of this road is hindering economic development in the central provinces, impeding regional trade and the opening of alternative trade routes, and imposing efficiency losses as traffic volumes continue to rise. In addition to supporting the ANDS, justification of Tranche 3 stems from Afghanistan's strategic geographic center of gravity in the Central Asian region and potential to serve as the nexus between north-south and east-west regional trade corridors. Afghanistan is traversed by three major CAREC corridors, to which the proposed Tranche 3 subproject supports Corridor 5 providing landlocked Central Asian access to populous commercial centers in South Asia, and major ports in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea. An efficient and sustained Afghanistan road network will improve regional connectivity, support increased domestic and international trade, and generate jobs and economic growth. The proposed tranche is consistent with the envisaged outputs, outcomes, and impacts of the investment program and additionally Strategy CAREC 2020 aimed at the development of priority transport routes, increasing trade through transport connectivity, and facilitating cross-border movement of goods.
||Better connectivity and efficiency through a fully complete North-South Corridor
|Description of Outcome
||Rehabilitated and reconstructed sections of national and regional highways
|Progress Toward Outcome
Procurement of civil works package for reconstruction and rehabilitation of the Dar-i-Suf to Yakawlang road section (technical bid evaluation stage) and construction supervision consultants (technical proposal evaluation stage) are ongoing.
Two pre-feasibility studies are included in this project. The pre-feasibility study for the Kabul Ring Road Project is under shortlisting stage while the pre-feasibility study for Gardandewal to Chaghcharan Road has not started yet.
Despite initial delays, achievement of outcome is likely to be achieved on time. General procurement notice at ADBBO was advertised in March 2014.
|Description of Project Outputs
178 km (Dar-i-Suf-Yakawlang section of the North-South Corridor) of reconstructed, rehabilitated, and appropriately maintained national and regional highways
Community development infrastructure
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
||Procurement of civil works, construction supervision consultant, and two pre-feasibility studies consultant selection are ongoing. Construction has not started yet.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
||The road will not pass through any environmentally sensitive areas and rehabilitation activities will be confined with the existing ROW. The project is anticipated to have site specific environmental impacts. A further environmental assessment will re-confirm whether environment category B will be maintained.
||Expected significant land acquisition and resettlement as defined by SPS (2009)
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design
||Consultation sessions were conducted with the local residents in the project affected areas. The primary issues discussed were affected land, the process of land acquisition planning, compensation, and employment opportunities for the local residents, both skilled and unskilled. The benefits of constructing the projects roads were explained. The community led total santitation subcomponent will be community driven and involve collaborative decision making and empowerment elements.
|During Project Implementation
||Consultation sessions will continue during project implementation.