Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date
PDS Updated as of 14 Oct 2014

Project Name Enhancing Access to Quality Early Childhood Education Services for Children in Poor Communities (formerly Early Childhood Development Project)
Country Philippines
Project/Program Number 45127-001
Status Approved
Geographical Location
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector Education
Subsector Pre-Primary and Basic Education
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth (IEG)
Drivers of Change Gender equity and mainstreaming (GEM)
Governance and capacity development (GCD)
Partnerships (PAR)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories Category 1: Gender equity (GEN)


Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)
Grant9161Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction1,500
TOTAL US$ 1,500

Summary of Environmental and Social Issues

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
The concept of the proposed project was discussed with government counterparts (DepEd, DOH and DSWD), and development partners (UNICEF, JICA). Consultations with local NGOs and communities took place during the fact-finding mission.
During Project Implementation


Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government of the Philippines has embarked on a comprehensive reform of its education sector to extend the basic education cycle from 10 to 12 years. Department of Education (DepEd) committed to expanding access to kindergarten programs, which will now be formally recognized as the first year of the basic education system with the move towards a new "K to 12" system. The new "K to 12" system aims to universalize preschool and extend basic education through grade 12, to align with 12-year systems to match the global standards. Transformation of the Philippines basic education system through the new K to 12 including universal access to preschool will be is a complex and massive undertaking for the government requiring significant investment. Due to a tight fiscal position, the Philippines has suffered from consistent under provision of basic infrastructure and essential public services, such as education, health and social protection. Low and insufficient public spending on education has resulted in insufficient and unequal access to opportunities as well as skills deficiencies. The Philippines is lagging on all four education MDG indicators and appears unlikely to reach any of its MDG targets for education by 2015. Net enrolment rates in primary education have been stagnant in recent years (84.6% in 1990 and 85.1%in 2008). Primary completion rate has shown minimal improvement from 64.2% in 1990 to 73.3% in 2008 with 1 in 4 children not able to complete the six years of compulsory elementary education. Educational outcomes of poor children in the Philippines are undercut partly by limited availability of pre-school which hampers childrens readiness for schooling. Global evidences have shown that good quality early childhood education programs for disadvantaged children along with nutritional supplements have demonstrated long-lasting and highly cost-effective results on school retention rates, intellectual ability and performance and long term earnings and welfare. The Project will directly contribute to progress towards achievement of the MDG targets on education, and will also support the development goals of the Philippine Education for All 2015 Plan, which emphasizes universal primary education. The project goals are consistent with the ADB's Strategy 2020, which identifies education as one of the five core areas of operation and calls for developing innovative partnerships with the private sector. The Country Assistance Program Evaluation (2008) for the Philippines concluded that ADB's engagement in education should be a priority, and ADB's draft Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2011-2016 identifies education as a core sector and also foresees expanded support for social protection particularly for children. The draft CPS supports the Government's strategy to achieve inclusive growth by providing equal access to development opportunities by investing in human capital as prioritized in the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016.

Development Impact

Enhanced access to quality early childhood education services for improved learning outcomes among children in targeted poor communities

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
A sustainable multi-stakeholder partnership model established for expansion of pre-school and early primary education
Progress Towards Outcome
The implementing agency (an NGO) has established a multi-stakeholder partnership model involving the Department of Education and private sector partners to deliver new kindergartens and improve teaching and school leadership capacity.

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
(i) Expanded access to safe and child-friendly pre-school learning environments (ii) Improved capacity in teaching and school leadership (iii) Sustainable partnerships with communities and civil society in support of pre-school and early primary education established (iv) Project monitoring and impact evaluation conducted
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
45 of the 60 preschool buildings will be financed by ADB. All 45 preschool buildings have all been constructed, and complete with furnitures, materials, books, and supplies. The 15 other preschool buildings have also all been constructed. 4,700 students have access to the completed facilities. 9000 (45 x 200) have access to library. -- Module 1 and 2 of teacher training completed. Module 3 is ongoing. Boatmaking activity in Hinigaran and E.B. Magalona in Negros continue. A total of 30 boats have been built, all from private sector contributions. Reports continue to show significant increase in family incomes. Monitoring continues so as to evaluate feasibility and in order to determine the form of support that JFPR funds can be applied to. The most probable support may be for a crocheting handicraft venture involving wives of the fishermen. A seminar on crocheting has already been held. Targetting to achieve by june of 2014 when all construction and training would have been completed. This shall be included in Module 4 content. Parent and community workshops have begun. Organization into PCLCs still needs to be introduced. The feeding program is scheduled for official launching in July 2014. Baseline survey completed. Complete. Circulation of Monitoring Guidelines for school heads so they can observe the teachers and classes as the classrooms are now being completed and furnished. This will provide them with a tool for internal, school-based support and supervision. It also provides the project management team with an additional reference and source of information for monitoring program status and quality at the level of classrooms and schools. Complete.
Status of Development Objectives
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing
Consulting Services
Procurement and Consulting Notices


Concept Clearance 30 Mar 2012
Fact-finding 02 Jul 2011 to 04 Jul 2011
Management Review Meeting 30 Mar 2012
Approval 20 Feb 2012
Last Review Mission


Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual
Grant 9161 20 Feb 2012 23 Mar 2012 23 Mar 2012 23 Mar 2015


Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
20 Oct 2014 Grant 9161 1,082 0 72.00%
Cumulative Disbursements
20 Oct 2014 Grant 9161 1,168 0 78.00%

Status of Covenants

Covenants are categorized under the following categories—audited accounts, safeguards, social, sector, financial, economic, and others. Covenant compliance is rated by category by applying the following criteria: (i) Satisfactory—all covenants in the category are being complied with, with a maximum of one exception allowed, (ii) Partly Satisfactory—a maximum of two covenants in the category are not being complied with, (iii) Unsatisfactory—three or more covenants in the category are not being complied with. As per the 2011 Public Communications Policy, covenant compliance ratings for Project Financial Statements apply only to projects whose invitation for negotiation falls after 2 April 2012.

Approval No. Category
Sector Social Financial Economic Others Safeguards Project Financial Statements
Grant 9161

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Karin Schelzig (
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies


Project Website
List of Project Documents