Project Data Sheet

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program: Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

PDS Creation Date
PDS Updated as of 14 Oct 2014

Project Name Supporting Participation in the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Trade Facilitation Program
Country Nepal
Project/Program Number 47028-001
Status Approved
Geographical Location
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Sector Industry and trade
Subsector Industry and trade sector development
Transport policies and institutional development
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth (IEG)
Regional integration (RCI)
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development (GCD)
Partnerships (PAR)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Categories


Type/Modality of Assistance Approval Number Source of Funding Approved Amount (thousand)
Technical Assistance8442Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction1,500
TOTAL US$ 1,500

Summary of Environmental and Social Issues

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation


Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

According to the World Bank Doing Business Reports 2006- 2013, Nepal does not fare well in trade facilitation. The country s rank is decreasing from 136th in 2007 to 171th in 2012. Nepal s key trade facilitation indicators exceed the average level in South Asia Among others, key factors for such weak performance are as follows: (i) Large Number of Trade Documents. Preparation of documents takes considerable amount of time and constitutes a major barrier to trade facilitation. In 2012, it takes 11 documents and 41 days, and costs US $ 1,975 per container to complete a normal export process. It takes 11 documents and 38 days, and costs $ US$ 2,095 per container to complete a normal import process (See Table above). In addition, Nepal has yet to conform to accepted standards on trade documentation specified in the International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures (Revised Kyoto Convention [RKC]). (ii) Inadequate Customs Automation. Nepal is currently using Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA)++ for customs operations at 10 major customs offices, and applying risk-based customs clearance at five major customs offices. However, the entire customs process is not fully automated and there are technical difficulties in the operation and efficient usability of the system. In addition the current Informix data base is obsolete, and needs to be migrated to a new system. There is a need for a master plan for E-Customs and customs automation in Nepal. Currently 70% to 90% of cargoes are inspected at the border checkpoints. Risk-based inspection procedures are generally not applied, except, in a limited way, at five land border crossings. Physical inspection of most cargo is needed, in many cases, due to the lack of modern equipment to support the border clearance procedures. (iii) Lack of transparency and publicly available trade and custom-related rules is one of non-tariff barriers to Nepal s trade. One of priorities of Nepal s private sector for trade facilitation is therefore timely and comprehensive publication of trade and custom rules and regulations, and their effective and transparent application. (iv) Other behind border barriers. Other issues such as quarantine testing, clearing and freight forwarding, insurance, terminal handling, and port services are all critical nontariff barriers to Nepal s trade. It is therefore important to undertake comprehensive assessment to review these nontariff barriers and come up with specific measures to remove these barriers. Nepal has taken several initiatives to facilitate trade, such as the application of harmonized system codes for customs tariff; adoption of the WTO Customs Valuation Agreement; enactment of new Customs Act, Rules and Regulations; and the establishment of the ASYCUDA++ for clearance at 10 major customs offices and the introduction of risk-based customs clearance at five major customs offices. Nepal has constructed an inland container deport at Kakarbhitta, supported by an ADB loan. Nepal is actively participating in the activities of the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) working groups on trade facilitation and transport (TFTWG). As part of the TFTWG, Nepal is taking part in an ADB-supported subregional trade facilitation program grant / loan which also involves Bangladesh and Bhutan. The components of the program grant in Nepal are as follows: (i) modern and effective customs administration: ADB will assist Nepal (and Bangladesh, Bhutan) in acceding to and complying with the provisions of the Revised Kyoto Convention and in applying World Customs Organization s Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade; (ii) streamlined and transparent regulations and procedures: ADB s support will focus on enhancing Nepal s automated customs management systems, which is important for the establishment of a National Single Window; and (iii) improved services and information for traders and investors: ADB will assist SASEC governments in implementing reforms that will provide greater information and increased responsiveness to importers and exporters, notably through electronic trade portals and the establishment of national trade facilitation committees.

Development Impact

Reduction in time and cost for trade with Nepal

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Better alignment of Nepal customs procedures and practices with internationally accepted standards
Progress Towards Outcome
Provided assistance in for the preparation of the regulatory impact assessment. Provided assistance in the implementation of the ASYCUDA World system.

Outputs and Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs
1. Consensus reached to accede to the RKC 2. Effective operation of the automated customs management system 3. Client service centers established 4. Customs Information Portal established 5. Agreed business plan of the Four-Year Customs Reform and Modernization Strategy and Action Plan
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Consultant to assist in the development of the Regulatory Impact Assessment of RKC accession has been engaged. Discussions with the Department of Customs on the adoption of ASYCUDA World have progressed.
Status of Development Objectives
Material Changes

Business Opportunities

Date of First Listing 2013 May 22
Consulting Services
The project will require services of Consultants, which will be as individuals: (i) International customs/ trade facilitation specialists. (Key Deliverables: Capacity development plan for Nepal s custom; draft master plan for e-customs and road map for its implementation; Medium-term trade facilitation roadmap setting out scope and associated policy actions for the follow-on investment program/projects to SASEC TF; study on assessment and action planning for governance and integrity oversight mechanisms in relation to customs administration; and other studies on priority trade facilitation issues. Inputs: A combined total of 58.5 person-months) (ii) Domestic trade facilitation and legal specialists (Key Deliverable: National studies and presentations to serve as inputs to the studies of the International trade facilitation specialists. Inputs: a combined total of 72 person-months each) (iii) Web and content manager (Key Deliverable: Customs Information Portal. Inputs: A combined total of 24 person-months)
Procurement and Consulting Notices


Concept Clearance 17 May 2013
Management Review Meeting
Approval 02 Sep 2013
Last Review Mission


Approval No. Approval Signing Effectivity Closing
Original Revised Actual
Technical Assistance 8442 02 Sep 2013 07 Oct 2013 07 Oct 2013 31 Aug 2015


Date Approval Number ADB (US$ thousand) Others (US$ thousand) Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards
Cumulative Disbursements

TA Amount (US$ thousand)

Approval Number Approved Amount Revised Amount Total Commitment Uncommitted Balance Total Disbursement Undisbursed Balance
Technical Assistance 8442 1,500 1,500 123 1,377 47 1,453

Contacts and Update Details

Responsible ADB Officer Sonoko Sunayama (
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Divisions Regional Cooperation and Operations Coordination Div, SARD
Executing Agencies


Project Website
List of Project Documents