The ADB Economics Working Paper Series is a forum for stimulating discussion and eliciting feedback on ongoing and recently completed research and policy studies undertaken by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) staff, consultants, or resource persons. The series deals with key economic and development problems, particularly those facing the Asia and Pacific region; as well as conceptual, analytical, or methodological issues relating to project/program economic analysis, and statistical data and measurement. The series aims to enhance the knowledge on Asia's development and policy challenges; strengthen analytical rigor and quality of ADB's country partnership strategies, and its subregional and country operations; and improve the quality and availability of statistical data and development indicators for monitoring development effectiveness.
District Governance and Student Learning in Indonesia
Documenting differences across districts is important as it suggests that districts that manage to improve their system can expect improvements in learning outcomes and it serves as starting point in understanding what does and does not work in Indonesia’s education system.
Citizen Empowerment in Service Delivery
This paper examines different approaches for promoting empowerment and discusses conditions required for effective empowerment. It focuses on three empowerment models, including grievance redress, participatory performance monitoring, and community-driven development.
Asymmetric Price Transmission in Indonesia’s Wheat Flour Market
This paper tests for asymmetric price transmission from international wheat to domestic wheat flour markets in Indonesia using an error correction model. They conclude asymmetric transmission exists and occurs due to market concentration of wheat flour milling.
Vertical Specialization, Tariff Shirking, and Trade
Using export data from the People's Republic of China, the paper demonstrates that vertical specialization allows firms to more easily circumvent antidumping measures by relocating their manufacturing to another country.
Public-Private Service Delivery Arrangements and Incentive Schemes in Developing Asia
In Asia and the Pacific, the World Bank reports for the period 1990–2011 a total of 2,457 joint infrastructure projects in energy, telecom, transport, and utility between public and private sectors. In some instances, however, nonprofit, voluntary associations are engaged instead, albeit mostly in the provision of social services such as health, education, livelihood, or employment.
Asian Development Outlook Forecast Skill
This paper assesses the accuracy of Asian Development Outlook forecasts against actual outcomes for the years from 2008 to 2011 and against the benchmark of International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook forecasts.