Japan established the JFPR in May 2000 to provide grants for projects supporting poverty reduction and related social development activities that can add value to projects financed by ADB. In 2010, the JFPR expanded its scope of grant assistance to provide technical assistance grants in addition to project grants.
Priority is placed on the poorest and most vulnerable groups living in destitution in ADB developing member countries (DMCs), primarily on innovative programs designed or implemented by local communities or NGOs which contribute to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals especially in health and education,
The grants are intended to focus on activities which
All ADB DMCs are eligible for JFPR grants.
Japan supports this fund. As of 30 June 2014, the total JFPR funds made available totaled about $662.4 million. ADB had approved 162 grant projects ($468.0 million equivalent) and 158 technical assistance projects ($177.3 million equivalent).