A cornerstone of an effective anticorruption program is to actively identify and address risks of fraud and corruption.
Initiated in 2003, OAI’s proactive reviews, referred to as project procurement-related reviews (PPRRs), identify vulnerabilities in ongoing ADB-financed, -administered or -supported projects and recommend measures to protect project resources. Being the first among International Financial Institutions (IFIs) to pioneer proactive review, ADB shared PPRR methodology, tools, and fieldwork experience with Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs), Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs), and Developing Member Countries (DMCs).
The Heads of Integrity of the Asian Development Bank, African Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, and World Bank have consolidated good practices that govern the conduct of integrity risk reviews. These guidelines are consistent with ADB’s conduct of PPRRs.
PPRRs identify non-compliance issues, irregularities, and integrity concerns in procurement activities, disbursements of funds, and delivery of project outputs.
Assessment of the executing/implementing agency’s capacity to implement the project including its internal controls.
Inspection of project outputs to ensure compliance with contract specifications.
Review of projects from bid preparation to evaluation and contract awards.
Assessment whether disbursements are based on the progress of contract implementation including invoicing, certification of works, and authorizations.