ADB works in partnership with a broad range of civil society organizations to strengthen its efforts to reduce poverty.
Working at the grassroots level, CSOs fill a vital space in the development process, giving voice to marginalized communities, providing expertise and knowledge, testing innovative approaches to poverty reduction, and ensuring beneficiary participation in projects.*
ADB cooperates with CSOs to increase the effectiveness, quality, and sustainability of its operations. Over three quarters of ADB projects include some kind of CSO participation—from planning and design consultations through the project cycle to project implementation and monitoring.
ADB collaborates with CSOs in most sectors of its projects. In some areas such as agriculture, education and urban development there are higher levels of CSO participations. In addition to project-level participation, CSOs routinely contribute to policy dialogue and stakeholder consultations on ADB's country strategies, and thematic and sector policy and strategy reviews.
ADB's policies, strategies, and practices have been adapted to embrace and facilitate more active participation of CSOs. Under Strategy 2020, ADB's partnerships with nongovernment organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations, labor unions, and foundations will become even more central to the planning, financing, and implementing of ADB operations.
In 2010, 81% of approved loans, grants, and related technical assistance and 37% of stand-alone technical assistance approved included some form of CSO participation.
Some highlights of civil society participation in ADB operations in 2010 include:
ADB's country partnership strategy (CPS) is the primary planning instrument guiding ADB operations in a member country. The CPS is prepared through consultation with government and other country stakeholders, including the private sector, other development agencies, and civil societies.
CSOs wishing to work with ADB should familiarize themselves with the CPS of the country as ADB works directly with governments to provide support for the activities of NGOs and other CSOs.
ADB also works closely with CSOs through the Civil Society Program at ADB Annual Meetings, ongoing dialogue with labor organizations, and outreach on ADB's Accountability Mechanism.
Civil society refers to groups distinct from the government and the private sector who operate around shared interests, purposes, and values. Civil society organizations (CSOs) encompass a wide range of organizations, including nongovernment organizations (NGOs); community-based organizations (CBOs); and people’s organizations, mass organizations, professional associations, labor unions, private research institutes and universities, foundations, and social movements.