In its private sector operations, ADB builds on its existing strengths in the infrastructure and capital markets / financial sectors, and seeks to assist private sector projects in these two areas in developing member countries (DMCs).
In infrastructure and project finance, ADB's Private Sector Operations Department (PSOD) is focused on the following core sectors of operation:
- energy (e.g. power, generation transmission and distribution, renewable power),
- transport (e.g. roads, ports, railways, airports),
- water (e.g. water supply and waste treatment), and
- urban infrastructure.
Sector-specific engagements are guided by ADB's strategic agenda at the country level, which in turn reflects client demand. ADB provides assistance in the form of equity, loans and guarantees, as well as B loans (complementary financing scheme) for infrastructure projects. ADB can also assist in arranging parallel financing. We support subsovereign, municipal, corporate and privatization of infrastructure projects. ADB also provides financing for existing infrastructure projects that need to upgrade or expand their facilities to achieve operating efficiencies. Financial restructuring of existing infrastructure projects that were financed with debt denominated in foreign currency and/or used short-term facilities may also be considered for assistance by ADB.
Efficient carbon-based power generation remains an important constituent for meeting base-load demand in the region, but increasingly, PSOD is encouraging and financing "clean" and renewable technologies appropriate for local settings.
Taking into account the five core sectors mentioned above, PSOD is also pursuing and promoting public-private partnerships (PPPs), with efforts focusing on social sector PPPs. Agribusiness and manufacturing in the most vulnerable DMCs will also be considered, though very selectively, as these sectors are not core to ADB's Strategy 2020.
The Infrastructure Finance Division 1 of PSOD undertakes projects in Central and West Asia and South Asia while the Infrastructure Finance Division 2 covers East Asia, the Pacific, and Southeast Asia.
Capital markets and financial sectors2
ADB supports the development of capital markets and financial sectors to facilitate the mobilization of foreign and domestic capital to productive sectors of the economy.
We fund or facilitate funding of financial institutions so they can, in turn, finance small and medium enterprises, microenterprises, local infrastructure facilities, housing mortgages, and other underserved sectors that ADB may not be able to assist directly. Where needed, we help create and build sustainable financial institutions, usually in partnership with like-minded strategic investors.
ADB provides assistance in the form of equity, loans and guarantees the following private sector institutions:
- Capital market institutions, such as stock and fixed income exchanges, central depositories, and rating agencies;
- Leasing or non-bank financial institutions;
- Insurance companies; and
- Funds including private equity funds, venture capital funds, mutual funds, distressed asset funds, infrastructure funds and thematic funds (i.e. environment funds).
We are also keen to catalyze complex capital market solutions and other innovative approaches to financing challenges, including the emerging structured finance and securitization market.
Through its work with financial intermediaries, ADB's private sector operations focus on expanding access to finance, particularly among lower income groups (microfinance and housing finance) and micro-, small, and medium-sized enterprises, as well as on infrastructure development and climate change finance.
Finally, trade finance activities, through the Trade Finance Program (TFP), continue to help reduce the negative impact of the financial crisis on the most vulnerable countries, while at the same time furthering regional integration.
PSOD's Capital Markets and Financial Sectors Division (PSCM) covers all of ADB's DMCs.
1 The Infrastructure Finance Division 1 of PSOD undertakes projects in Central and West Asia and South Asia while the Infrastructure Finance Division 2 covers East Asia, the Pacific, and Southeast Asia.
2 PSOD's Capital Markets and Financial Sectors Division (PSCM) covers all of ADB's DMCs.