ADB's Strategy 2020 advocates arresting deforestation as an approach to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, with the sustainable management of lands, forests and other natural resources also supporting local livelihoods, strengthening resilience to climate change, maintaining clean water supplies, and protecting biological diversity.
ADB is supporting the region’s sustainable forest management and conservation efforts, as well as agricultural land use improvements, to promote carbon conservation and sequestration and to achieve other local and global benefits.
The so-called REDD+, which aims to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation combined with enhancement of forest carbon stocks, sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation, and community development, is creating new financing opportunities and incentives for forest conservation and sustainable rural development.
Efforts are focused on Indonesia, Lao PDR, other countries of the Mekong Basin, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. Support is being programmed in coordination with other multilateral and bilateral programs such as the Climate Investment Fund’s Forest Investment Program, the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, the United Nations-REDD Program, and the Global Environment Facility’s Sustainable Forest Management Program.
|Jiangxi Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Development Project||China, People's Republic of||Approved in 2010, this project will help the Jiangxi Provincial Government achieve its long-term forestry-development goals, contribute to the sequestration of 150,000 tons of carbon per year through afforestation and reforestation, and develop institutional capacity in Jiangxi to mitigate climate change and enhance the social and environmental benefits of forests.|
|Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Initiative||Greater Mekong Subregion||The GMS Environment Operations Center (EOC) has implemented the pilot phase of BCI since 2006 – amounting to over $12 million in 6 locations -- to promote a landscape-based approach to biodiversity conservation and sound land and forest management in the GMS. The pilot phase activities have the potential to positively influence some 2.3 million hectares of important conservation landscapes to adopt successful integrated conservation and development models targeting rural communities. The BCI pilot activities are being scaled up under the $69 million Biodiversity Conservation Corridor Project covering Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam and will promote climate resilient sustainable forest ecosystems that will benefit local livelihoods. With a contribution of US$ 1 million from ADB’s Climate Change Fund (CCF), EOC is working - in coordination with the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) - on REDD+ activities in Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam. Activities include: establishing baselines; methodologies for measuring and reporting changes in carbon sinks; verification and reporting approaches for REDD +; and other norms required to generate financing from the voluntary and regulated forest carbon market. CCF investments in Lao PDR will support on-going engagement of ADB in the Forest Investment Program under the Climate Investment Funds. In Viet Nam and possibly Thailand, CCF will support community based carbon stock monitoring as a prerequisite for accessing carbon market.|
|Forestry and Ecological Restoration in Three Northwest Provinces||China, People's Republic of||To support the national and provincial government development policies and plans, this $100 million project, approved in 2011, will help the State Forestry Administration (SFA); and the Gansu and Shaanxi provinces, and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang) improve the productivity of the forestry sector, demonstrate an integrated ecosystem management (IEM) forest-development approach, and introduce forest carbon-sequestration and climate change-mitigation measures. The project will also enable participating farmers and beneficiaries to better adapt to climate change impacts by introducing sustainable land management policies.|
|Sustainable Forest and Biodiversity Management||Indonesia||This project will enhance the capacity of local communities, including the communities of indigenous peoples, for forest management through REDD+ activities. Twelve demonstration sites within the districts of Melawi, Gunung Mas, Katingan, and Malinau will be established as basis for developing community-based REDD+ plans.|
|Capacity Building for Integrated Ecosystem Management in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region||China, People's Republic of||The project will link small landholders and poor rural communities to enterprises to provide alternatives to current agricultural practices that are damaging to ecosystems. It will reduce farmland degradation and improve wetland water quality, and will conserve approximately 115,360 hectares of wildlife area and 8,825 hectares of wetland. Visitors to tourism sites will expand to 1.1 million each year.|
|Jiangxi Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Development Project||China, People's Republic of||To improve forest management and environmental sustainability in the Jiangxi province, the study will prepare a project design and implementation mechanism that incorporates environmental measures such as arresting deforestation and sustainable management of forests to address climate change.|
|Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management Sector Development Program||Philippines||To mitigate GHG emissions and reduce vulnerability of fragile upland and mountain ecosystems, the study institutionalizes sustainable land use adaptive practices for management of the watersheds. ADB will develop the design, already agreed upon, of an investment proposal through a sector development program for priority watersheds.|
|Forest Resources Management Sector Project||Sri Lanka||To mitigate GHG emissions and address the problems of deforestation and degradation of lands and soils on which the communities depend for subsistence, the project is promoting sustainable land use through participatory sustainable forest management that improves livelihood opportunities and forest governance.|
|Forests for Livelihood Improvement in the Central Highlands||Viet Nam||The project addresses the problems of forest loss, degradation, and rural poverty in Viet Nam's Central Highlands by instituting sustainable forest management over one third of the country's natural forest estate. ADB also expects the project to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions while supporting the livelihoods of local communities.|