The project aims to contribute to poverty reduction by expanding the economic opportunities of the rural poor. This will be achieved through improving rural infrastructure (focusing on roads and growth center markets), strengthening women's economic opportunities and public role, and improving local governance facilities and capacity.
Bangladesh's poverty reduction strategy has identified efficient rural transport and rural infrastructure as critical to economic development and poverty reduction. About 75% of the Bangladesh population and 85% of the poor live in rural areas. Infrastructure and institutions to support broad-based local development are needed to generate employment and livelihoods for the rural poor. Many rural communities lack road links and all-weather access to market centers and services.
In many others, infrastructure is in poor repair due to insufficient investment in maintenance. Improved roads enable the local population to reach markets and trading centers and increase access to public services such as healthcare, education, and agricultural extension. Improved roads have been shown to increase transport services and reduce transport costs for both people and goods. Improvements in growth center markets are intended to enable more efficient trading.
Development Aims and Impacts:
ADB Processes and Management Tools:
This case study is part of an ADB publication titled Gender Equality Results Case Studies: Bangladesh that provide an overview of gender issues in selected sectors of developing member countries.