29070-013: Chongqing-Guizhou Roads Development: Chongqing Component (Leichong Expressway)

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details


Description

The Project will enhance incomes and contribute to reducing poverty in the southwestern Chongqing Municipality and northern Guizhou Province by increasing the capacity of the national, provincial, and county road network. The Project will: (i) improve access of industrial and agricultural enterprises to markets; (ii) improve access of the rural population to market opportunities, social services, and employment; (iii) attract investment through providing additional transport capacity in the Project area; and (iv) alleviate congestion and reduce accidents on existing roads. The Project will also support sector reforms relating to nongovernment financing, road safety, and corporatization of expressway operations. The Project scope includes: (i) construction of 50 km of four-lane, access-controlled, toll expressway, including interchanges, bridges and tunnels, and service areas; (ii) upgrading of 122-km feeder roads; (iii) procurement of equipment for toll collection, traffic management and safety, communications, maintenance, and administration; (iv) land acquisition and resettlement; and (v) training and consulting services for construction supervision, traffic safety engineering, and monitoring and evaluation.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Major roads in the PRC, including Chongqing Municipality and Guizhou Province, are congested and dangerous. Increases in the supply of consumption goods and in passenger travel have led to a faster increase in demand for road transport and other modes. Most roads contain a mix of fast and slow moving traffic, which reduces average speeds and increases road accidents. The Government's strategy for alleviating road transport bottlenecks is reflected in the development of the National Trunk Highway System (NTHS) to build a 30,000 km network of high quality interprovincial highways. As of the end of 1999, the ADB has made thirteen loans for NTHS sections, including four in the southwestern interior provinces. The Project forms the northern portion of the 1,129 km Chongqing-Zhangjiang Expressway, one of the seven priority routes of the NTHS, and it is also part of the road development program of the Government's Western Region Development Strategy.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: A
Involuntary Resettlement:
Indigenous Peoples:

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

The EIA report concluded that there would be no major adverse environmental impacts provided the recommended mitigation measures are implemented. To ensure that environmental impacts related to the construction and operation of the Project are minimized, the environmental monitoring program and mitigation measures as specified in the EIAs and the summary EIA will be implemented. The main mitigation measures require that (i) appropriate countermeasures are taken to reduce noise for the residents near the alignment; (ii) preventive measures such as planting of trees and grasses, and construction of side ditches, torrent chutes, slope walls, and retaining walls will be taken to prevent soil erosion; and (iii) adverse impacts at borrow and spoil sites will be mitigated through contracts containing environmental covenants, and by supervising contractors during implementation. Chongqing will enhance its capacity for monitoring vehicle emissions. CECC will monitor vehicle emissions on the expressway in cooperation with the local environmental protection bureaus, traffic police, and other related organizations. Social issues included poverty reduction, resettlement, and minority people. Better access to economic centers will help develop the local economy and improve the distribution system for final goods and inputs. The expressway construction will generate 6,000 jobs, and the feeder road upgrading about 16,000 jobs. The subsequent expressway operation and maintenance will create about 500 jobs, particularly in the toll stations along the expressway. The construction, operation, and maintenance jobs will provide valuable supplementary incomes for many households. Women will be given equal opportunities for such jobs, in accordance with the ADB's Policy on Gender and Development. CECC will maximize employment opportunities in operation and maintenance of the expressway, including the toll stations and service areas, for members of vulnerable households affected by resettlement.



Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

Project Data Sheets (PDS)

Timetable

Concept Clearance
31 Jan 1997

Fact-finding
07 Sep 1999 to 23 Sep 1999

Management Review Meeting
31 Mar 2000

Board Approval
21 Nov 2000

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