Lao People's Democratic Republic: Shifting Cultivation Stabilization

Sovereign Project | 29210-013

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Project Name Shifting Cultivation Stabilization
Project Number 29210-013
Country Lao People's Democratic Republic
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agriculture, natural resources and rural development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The objectives of the Project are to improve the income of upland farmers and to conserve natural resources through establishment of diversified sedentary agriculture systems as alternatives to shifting cultivation and provision of basic rural infrastructure. The pilot Project area is covering two districts in Houaphanh Province where shifting cultivation is common. The total number of beneficiaries is estimated at 12,600 (2,100 households) who are mostly poor. The Project has the following components: (i) institutional strengthening and capacity building; (ii) diversified sedentary agriculture systems development; (iii) village-based development; (iv) rural infrastructure development, and (v) Project management.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Villages in the Project areas are universally poor. Access to these villages is often impossible in the west season. Many villages lack the basic community facilities. Subsistence economy based on shifting cultivation in upland areas does not meet household food consumption needs and generates little cash income. Although shifting cultivation, which often combined with opium poppy production, has been sustainable for a long time, relentless population pressure and in-migration have shortened fallow period resulting in the decline of soil fertility, crop productivity and farm income. Slash and burn activities are causing soil erosion on steep slopes and are destroying the forests and increased flooding, siltation of irrigation canals and reservoirs, and damage to road infrastructure in the downstream areas. To address these issues, the Government has included stabilizing shifting cultivation as one of the five priorities in the national agenda. To stabilize shifting cultivation, it is crucial to introduce diversified sedentary agriculture systems, which will replace shifting cultivation. However since, there are no proven technologies that have been introduced to create diversified sedentary agriculture systems as alternatives to shifting cultivation, the Project concept is based on on-site testing of promising technologies and gradual expansion of these technologies in the Project area on a pilot basis. In addition, the Project will support integrated area development to improve the scoioeconomic conditions of the beneficiaries, while creating favorable environment for adoption of new diversified sedentary agriculture systems. This approach will serve as a model, which will be replicated in other parts of the country if it is effective and acceptable to farmers.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Xam Neua district of Houaphanh
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The consultants will be engaged in accordance with the Bank's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to the Bank on the engagement of domestic consultants. A total of 72 person-months of international consultants and 115 person-months of domestic consultants will be required to support Project staff in planning, monitoring, reporting, tender evaluation, and supervision of works; and in implementing Project activities concerned with participation, infrastructure, O&M, land acquisition, and environmental assessment and monitoring; and in developing specialized training programs for diversified sedentary agriculture systems development, animal health, animal nutrition and husbandry, pasture and forage development, fisheries development, agroforestry systems, non-timber forest products, and silviculture. The international consultants will include a team leader/agronomist, a land use planning and land allocation specialist, a marketing specialist, a veterinarian, an agroforestry specialist, a laboratory specialist, a livestock and pasture development specialist, and an environmental specialist. The domestic consultants will include an agronomist, a livestock specialist, an extension specialist, and an environmental specialist.
Procurement Procurement of goods and services will be in accordance with the Bank's Guidelines for Procurement. Since contract packages will be small and scattered over a large area, all civil works will be undertaken through local competitive bidding procedures among prequalified local contractors. Small number of equipment and vehicles will be procured using international shopping, or direct purchase procedures, depending on the size of contracts.
Responsible ADB Officer ADB Disclosure
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Provincial Government of Houaphanh
Mr. Amphay Ladouangphanh
Huaphah Province, Lao PDR
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 07 May 1998 to 28 May 1998
MRM 26 Jun 1998
Approval 11 May 1999
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Nov 2006
Last PDS Update 15 Dec 2006
Title Document Type Document Date
Shifting Cultivation Stabilization Pilot Project Project/Program Completion Reports Sep 2007

Safeguard Documents

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Evaluation Documents

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Title Document Type Document Date
Lao People's Democratic Republic: Shifting Cultivation Stabilization Pilot Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2008

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