30240-013: GMS: Cambodia Road Improvement Project

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details


Description

The overall objectives of the Project are to promote economic activities and facilitate trade among Cambodia, Thailand, and Viet Nam and to improve the prospects for poverty reduction along the Southern Economic Corridor. The Project will: (i) together with other ongoing and planned investments funded by other development partners, promote national and subregional economic growth by reducing the cost and increasing the reliability of transport, which will also encourage the fast-growing tourism industry and subregional trade, and promote general economic growth; (ii) reduce poverty by providing all-year, all-weather access to employment opportunities, markets, and growth centers; (iii) improve social conditions by providing all-year, all-weather access to education and health; (iv) promote private sector participation and strengthen the domestic road-contracting industry by providing opportunities in road construction and maintenance; (v) work with an experienced nongovernment organization (NGO) under the national human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) framework to support efforts to control the disease and create awareness of it; (vi) initiate a process of reform for MPWT, particularly for the road sector in which asset management and transparency must be a guiding theme; and (vii) establish effective road maintenance management and road maintenance financing systems.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The three priority areas of the ADB country strategy and program (CSP)?rural economic development, human resources development, and private sector development?and the 10 sectors through which the strategy is to be implemented, remain valid in light of the current development situation. The 2001 and 2002 operational programs constituted a first phase of implementing the strategy. The program of lending and nonlending assistance for 2003?2005 constitutes a second phase, substantially completing considerable work in the 10 sectors. The CSP has been further strengthened by provision of a sharper focus on the implications of the state reform program?especially decentralization of public administration?and by enhancement of the poverty impact of sector interventions to support the Government?s goal of achieving its poverty reduction targets, in light of projected gross domestic product growth.

Impact

Promote economic and social development in the project area of influence and promote general economic growth at national and subregional levels

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

1. Reduce poverty by providing efficient all-weather access to employment opportunities, markets, and growth centers 2. Improve social conditions by providing efficient all-weather access to education and health providers 3. Promote economic growth by reducing the cost of transport 4. Strengthen the domestic road contracting industry by providing training and opportunities in road construction

Progress Towards Outcome

Development outcomes likely to be achieved. PPME Completion Survey has been undertaken.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Siem Reap-Sisophon-Poipet national roads 5 and 6 (about 150 km) rehabilitated Structures constructed on national roads 56 and 68 UXO cleared within the right-of-way Local contractors capable of contracting and performing simple roadworks Resettlement plan implemented

Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress

Civil works contract packages 5F, 6E and 6F completed. Bridge reconstruction on NR56 and NR68 completed. Construction of weigh stations completed. Construction of Cross Border Facilities (CBF) at Poipet and Common Control Area (CCA) in Bavet completed as of June 2010. Completed road sections 5F, 6E and 6F inaugurated on 28 December 2009. Loan closing date extended until 31 December 2010 to complete remaining works. Project completed as of 31 December 2010. Project implementation was delayed due to (i) long-range caretaking government after the National Election in 2003, (ii) prolonged consultant selection process for the construction supervision, (iii) land acquisition and resettlement issues, and (iv) removal of unexploded ordinance. In summary, the project achieved all its outputs. PCR mission fielded 1-11March 2011.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: B
Involuntary Resettlement:
Indigenous Peoples:

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Major potential environmental impacts are (i) impacts on drainage; (ii) impacts on fishery; (iii) noise and dust; (iv) mismanagement of construction materials and sites; and (v) health and safety. Mitigation measures have been identified and can be implemented without difficulty. The IEE, together with an appropriately designed environmental management plan and monitoring programs, is considered sufficient to meet the environmental impact assessment requirements of the Project. The Project will require acquisition of approximately 60 hectares of land along NR5 and NR6, affecting approximately 2000 farmers, 240 houses and house-shops, and 300 small roadside stalls, which will need to be moved out of the COI. Irrigation canals will also be disrupted and there will be temporary loss of land during construction. In addition, 572 private fruit trees and 2025 public and private shade trees will be affected within the COI. A full census and inventory of lost assets was carried out for all households potentially affected by the loss of land and structures within the COI and a full resettlement plan has been prepared for the Project in compliance with ADB s Policy on Involuntary Resettlement and the Handbook on Resettlement. A revised resettlement plan has been approved prior to implementation and award of the civil works contracts. HIV/AIDS and human/drug trafficking is a social issue due to increased intra and cross-border mobility and low awareness among the people within the Project area.

Stakeholder Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
Done successfully.

During Project Implementation
Done successfully.

Status of Covenants

Category Rating
Loan 1945
Sector Satisfactory
Social Satisfactory
Financial Satisfactory
Economic
Others Satisfactory
Safe Satisfactory
Project Financial Statements



Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

Project Data Sheets (PDS)

Timetable

Fact-finding
04 Jun 2002 to 26 Jun 2002

Management Review Meeting
16 Jul 2002

Board Approval
26 Nov 2002

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