Cambodia: GMS: Cambodia Road Improvement Project

Sovereign Project | 30240-013 Status: Closed

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Project Name GMS: Cambodia Road Improvement Project
Project Number 30240-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 1945-CAM: GMS: Cambodia Road Improvement Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 50.00 million
Loan: GMS: Cambodia Road Improvement Project
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 10.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The overall objectives of the Project are to promote economic activities and facilitate trade among Cambodia, Thailand, and Viet Nam and to improve the prospects for poverty reduction along the Southern Economic Corridor. The Project will: (i) together with other ongoing and planned investments funded by other development partners, promote national and subregional economic growth by reducing the cost and increasing the reliability of transport, which will also encourage the fast-growing tourism industry and subregional trade, and promote general economic growth; (ii) reduce poverty by providing all-year, all-weather access to employment opportunities, markets, and growth centers; (iii) improve social conditions by providing all-year, all-weather access to education and health; (iv) promote private sector participation and strengthen the domestic road-contracting industry by providing opportunities in road construction and maintenance; (v) work with an experienced nongovernment organization (NGO) under the national human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) framework to support efforts to control the disease and create awareness of it; (vi) initiate a process of reform for MPWT, particularly for the road sector in which asset management and transparency must be a guiding theme; and (vii) establish effective road maintenance management and road maintenance financing systems.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The three priority areas of the ADB country strategy and program (CSP)?rural economic development, human resources development, and private sector development?and the 10 sectors through which the strategy is to be implemented, remain valid in light of the current development situation. The 2001 and 2002 operational programs constituted a first phase of implementing the strategy. The program of lending and nonlending assistance for 2003?2005 constitutes a second phase, substantially completing considerable work in the 10 sectors. The CSP has been further strengthened by provision of a sharper focus on the implications of the state reform program?especially decentralization of public administration?and by enhancement of the poverty impact of sector interventions to support the Government?s goal of achieving its poverty reduction targets, in light of projected gross domestic product growth.
Impact Promote economic and social development in the project area of influence and promote general economic growth at national and subregional levels

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

1. Reduce poverty by providing efficient all-weather access to employment opportunities, markets, and growth centers

2. Improve social conditions by providing efficient all-weather access to education and health providers

3. Promote economic growth by reducing the cost of transport

4. Strengthen the domestic road contracting industry by providing training and opportunities in road construction

Progress Toward Outcome Development outcomes likely to be achieved. PPME Completion Survey has been undertaken.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Siem Reap-Sisophon-Poipet national roads 5 and 6 (about 150 km) rehabilitated

Structures constructed on national roads 56 and 68

UXO cleared within the right-of-way

Local contractors capable of contracting and performing simple roadworks

Resettlement plan implemented

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Civil works contract packages 5F, 6E and 6F completed. Bridge reconstruction on NR56 and NR68 completed. Construction of weigh stations completed. Construction of Cross Border Facilities (CBF) at Poipet and Common Control Area (CCA) in Bavet completed as of June 2010. Completed road sections 5F, 6E and 6F inaugurated on 28 December 2009. Loan closing date extended until 31 December 2010 to complete remaining works. Project completed as of 31 December 2010.

Project implementation was delayed due to (i) long-range caretaking government after the National Election in 2003, (ii) prolonged consultant selection process for the construction supervision, (iii) land acquisition and resettlement issues, and (iv) removal of unexploded ordinance.

In summary, the project achieved all its outputs.

PCR mission fielded 1-11March 2011.

Geographical Location Northwestern Cambodia

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Done successfully.
During Project Implementation Done successfully.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services International and domestic consultants will be required to assist in (i) construction supervision services for the Project roads (about 200 person-months of international consultants and about 400 person-months of domestic consultants), (ii) reorganization of MPWT (to be determined by the high level interministerial Reorganization Committee during implementation of the Project), (iii) implementation of the HIV/AIDS program, (iv) implementation and monitoring of the Resettlement Plan, and (v) implementation of the Poverty Reduction Monitoring Program. The consultants will be recruited in accordance with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants, and arrangements satisfactory to the ADB on the engagement of domestic consultants.
Procurement Civil works contracts will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures among pre-qualified international contractors in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Shihiru Date
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Public Works and Transport (B)
Mr. Pheng Sovicheano
MPWT, Phnom Penh


Concept Clearance 08 Mar 1999
Fact Finding 04 Jun 2002 to 26 Jun 2002
MRM 16 Jul 2002
Approval 26 Nov 2002
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 29 Nov 2006
Last PDS Update 14 Nov 2011

Loan 1945-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Nov 2002 07 Feb 2003 20 May 2003 30 Jun 2007 31 Dec 2010 15 Sep 2011
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 60.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 50.00 26 Nov 2002 53.09 0.00 98%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 10.00 26 Nov 2002 54.12 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Greater Mekong Subregion: Cambodia Road Improvement Project Project/Program Completion Reports Nov 2011
GMS: Cambodia Road Improvement Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2002

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Cambodia Road Improvement Project Summary Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2009
Greater Mekong Subregion: Cambodia Road Improvement Project Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2007
Greater Mekong Subregion: Cambodia Road Improvement Project Social Monitoring Reports May 2007
GMS Road Improvement Project Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2002

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

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