Viet Nam: Second Red River Basin Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 30292-013 Status: Closed

Latest Project Documents

Project Results



hectares of land improved through irrigation, drainage and/or flood management



households with reduced flood risk

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Project Name Second Red River Basin Sector Project
Project Number 30292-013
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 1855-VIE: Second Red River Basin Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 70.00 million
Loan: Second Red River Basin Sector Project
Agence Francaise de Developpement US$ 30.00 million
Grant 3892-VIE: Second Red River Basin Sector Project
Netherlands Fund (with LoA) US$ 9.52 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The objective of the proposed Project is to improve agricultural performance of poorer communities through sustainable improvements in irrigation, better drainage, watershed protection and flood protection, within a framework of integrated water resource management in the Red River basin. The Project scope has been organized into two parts to address this objective. Part A includes (a) capacity building for the Red River Basin Organization, (b) public awareness and education programs, (c) pilot water licensing systems, (d) water quality monitoring network, and (e) project management support. Part A is expected to receive grant financing from the Government of Netherlands in the amount of approximately $9.5 million. It will address aspects related to integrated water resource management and associated institution-building. Part B includes (a) investment subprojects for the rehabilitation of irrigation, drainage, and flood protection infrastructure, in conjunction with rural development support activities, (b) project implementation support, and (c) research studies. Part B is expected to be loan financed by ADB with parallel loan cofinancing by the Agence Francaise de Development (AFD) for the rehabilitation of flood protection and for the irrigation and drainage subprojects in the delta. It will address the provision of infrastructure improvements and the necessary agricultural support services at community level to optimize the benefits of the water services.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The incidence of poverty in Viet Nam is about 37 per cent, and 80 percent of the poort are farmers, who are not only dependent upon reliable and timely irrigation and drainage services (especially for rice cultivation), but are also the most vulnerable to the consequences of droughts, floods and poor water quality. Poorer farmers typically live at the end of the water distribution system, and their poverty its closely linked to unreliable and insufficient access to water and drainage services. Rehabilitation of irrigation and drainage infrastructure and improvement of water management is therefore a self-targeting poverty intervention.

A new assistance strategy for Viet Nam has been prepared for a second generation of investment projects that focus more on poverty reduction. The new Country Strategy and Program (CSP) has also underlined the importance of improving natural resources management, including water resources and forests. The design of the Project responds to ADB?s poverty reduction strategy and to its policy on water. Poverty reduction and other social development dimensions are more actively pursued as part of the new CSP. In Viet Nam, floods, drought, water pollution, and lack of access to irrigation and drainage services are linked to poverty in a vicious cycle. ADB?s water policy promotes water resources management investments in important river basins, with a holistic focus on watershed protection, water rights, and management infrastructure. The policy also requires investments to improve water services, such as irrigation, to increase the autonomy and accountability of service providers to meet the needs of the poor. Cost recovery, regulatory controls, and public education should work together in promoting sustainable water use in society. The Project was designed to respond to these policy directions, which are fully shared by the Government.


To protect and improve production, productivity and

income of farmers in the Red River Basin

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

(i) To improve agricultural performance of poorer communities through sustainable improvements in irrigation, better drainage, watershed protection and flood protection, within an integrated water resource management framework

(ii) To promote stakeholder participation in water management, with emphasis on women's participation

Progress Toward Outcome

Project has closed. The Project has not and/or partly achieved many targets of its goal, purpose and outputs:

- The Project reduced impact of water-related natural disasters but failed to establish IWRM.

- 11 of 31 subprojects do not achieve this target.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

(i) Upland irrigation systems and watershed protection improved

(iii) Flood protection systems


(iv) Subproject planning, design,

and implementation capacity

established and operating at

all levels

(ii) Delta Irrigation and Drainage Systems Improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Water Resource Management:

1. Institutional capacity enhanced for basinwide management in the Red River basin:

" RRBO fully functional and financed by Government

" Red River basin framework plan approved by December 2003

" Exchange arrangements established with two other basin organizations

2. Public awareness campaigns conducted on water resource management:

" Mass media program implemented by 2003

" Training material prepared and approved by Ministry of Culture

" Schoolchildren trained in 12 provinces by 2004, and in remaining provinces by 2006

3. Water quality monitoring network established:

" Water quality information used to plan and implement improved water quality programs

4. Pilot implementation undertaken for water rights licenses and wastewater discharge permits:

" Legislation established and information systems operational

" Successful implementation in Cau River basin

5. Project management support: Coordination between parts A and B

Water Service Investment Subprojects:

1. Upland irrigation systems and watershed protection improved:

" 20 subprojects completed and operational by 2007, covering 12,000 ha of rehabilitated irrigation area and 8,000 ha of reforestation

" RDS activities undertaken to increase benefits from irrigation and watershed protection

2. Delta irrigation and drainage systems improved:

" 10 subprojects completed and operational by 2007, covering 80,000 ha of rehabilitated irrigation

" RDS activities undertaken to increase benefits from irrigation and drainage

3. Flood protection systems strengthened:

" 10 subprojects completed by 2007, covering a total area of 1.5 million ha

4. Subproject planning, design, and implementation capacity established and operating at all levels:

" Subprojects prepared and formulated according to guidelines and criteria

" Subprojects completed within budget and schedule

" Measures identified for enhanced autonomy and accountability of water service providers

5. Enhanced capacity of implementing agencies and local authorities to target poverty reduction:

" Field manual prepared by April 2002

" Central and provincial BME units established and operational by 2002

" 200 project implementation and management staff trained

" 400 district-level community organizers trained

Geographical Location Red River Delta including Ha Tay, Ha Nam, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh, Hai Phong, Hai Duong, Thai Nguyen, Bac Ninh, Bac Giang, Vinh Phuc, Phu Tho, Yen Bai and Ninh Binh provinces
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

1. Consultation meetings are being carried out with stakeholders.

2. Selection of subprojects will be made adopting a consultative approach

with stakeholders in selected provinces.

3. Participating communities will be requested during the social preparation phase to prepare a village-level poverty reduction plan that shows how project activities together with their own initiatives will achieve the objectives of the project.

During Project Implementation A participatory and decentralized approach will be introduced in the project.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The Project will require approximately 1,018 person-months of consulting services, consisting of 366 months of international expertise and 652 months of local expertise. The consultants for Part A will consist of 250 person-months of international expertise and 361person-months of local expertise in water policy and planning, watershed management, gender and development, training, hydrology, information technology, legal and policy aspects of water licensing, information technology, mass media production, education, communication materials, etc. Under Part A, ADB would recruit the consulting services separately for components (a), (c), and (e), while the recruitment of consulting services for components (b) and (d) is delegated to MARD. Recruitment of consultants for component (e) is complete; and proposals for component (a) were submitted to ADB on 7 April 2003 by the shortlisted firms. Recruitment of the other components is expected to be initiated in late 2003.

The consulting services for Part B will consist of 116 months of international expertise and 291 months of domestic expertise in farming systems, agricultural economics, social development, flood protection, institutional development, irrigation, financial management, and human resources development. Advance action for recruitment of consultants was approved by ADB on 5 June 2000. Recruitment of the consultants is underway; technical proposals of shortlisted firms were received by MARD on 24 December 2002.

Procurement The civil works contracts under Part B are small and dispersed and are therefore expected not to be of interest to foreign contractors. Civil works contracts estimated to cost US$1,000,000 or less will be procured through local competitive bidding procedures among prequalified firms and organizations acceptable to ADB. Any civil works contracts estimated to cost more than US$1,000,000 equivalent will, however, be procured through international competitive bidding procedures. Equipment to be procured under the Project will consist of water quality monitoring equipment, laboratory equipment, vehicles, computer equipment , software, irrigation and drainage pumps, motors and electrical installations. Equipment packages financed by ADB costing $500,000 and more will be procured through international competitive bidding (ICB). Packages not exceeding $500,000 equivalent will be procured through international shopping, and those costing less than $100,00 through direct purchase. In the case of procurement of irrigation and drainage pumps, motors, and electrical installations for subprojects under Part B, items with similar specifications will be combined into one package for subprojects which are ready for implementation at the same time.
Responsible ADB Officer Dennis Ellingson
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Viet Nam Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (MARD)
Mme. Nguyen Thi Tuyet Hoa
3 Ngoc Ha St., Hanoi
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Dr. Nguyen Van Tinh
23 Hang Tre St., Hanoi
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 1999
Fact Finding 14 Feb 2000 to 01 Mar 2000
MRM 25 May 2000
Approval 14 Jan 2002
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 07 Dec 2006
Last PDS Update 11 Mar 2011

Grant 3892-VIE

Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 9.52 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 9.52 - 0.00 0.00 %

Loan 1855-VIE

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Nov 2001 14 Jan 2002 17 May 2002 30 Jun 2008 30 Jun 2010 14 Feb 2011
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 130.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 70.00 13 Nov 2001 80.68 0.00 98%
Counterpart 30.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 30.00 13 Nov 2001 81.98 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Second Red River Basin Sector Project Project/Program Completion Reports Jan 2012

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Second Red River Basin Sector Project: Summary Guidelines for the Participation of Ethnic Minorities (GPEM) in the Project Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Aug 2004

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

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