30451-013: Water Supply and Sanitation Sector

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details


Description

The objectives of the Project are to help (i) establish a regulatory framework for the urban water supply sector, (ii) develop sustainable operational frameworks for the decentralized management of water supply, (iii) building capacity in provincial water supply organizations, (iv) implement water supply and sanitation systems in about 12 of the highest priority small towns in the sector investment plan, and (v) expand the water supply distribution system and sanitation facilities for Vientiane. The Project has four parts: Part A - community awareness and participation program (CAPP); Part B - improved water supply and sanitation in small towns; Part C - Vientiane water supply system expansion and sanitation; and Part D - implementation assistance and capacity building.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

A reasonable quality of life is currently unattainable for many of the people in the target small towns communities and the periurban areas of Vientiane. Attempts to improve the people's status and health are continually impeded by having to spend considerable time, energy, and financial resources acquiring their daily water needs. This is especially true for women and children, the traditional carriers of water. Currently, these communities are using shallow wells or purchasing water at high prices from vendors. Further, a lack of basic infrastructure such as water supply is constraining the economic development of these small towns and periurban areas of Vientiane. Consequently, they cannot function effectively as service centers for the surrounding rural areas. Although about 50 percent of inhabitants have sanitation services, many of the facilities are unsanitary which, together with a lack of hygiene awareness, is undermining the Government's efforts to improve health. The Project addresses the Government's highest priorities in the water supply sector, and will help the Government move toward its long-term vision of providing safe and convenient water supplies and sanitation facilities to 80 percent of all urban communities.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: B
Involuntary Resettlement:
Indigenous Peoples:

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

IEEs carried out for the Phase I subprojects show that no full environmental impact assessments are required. The provision of piped water supply and improved sanitation in the subproject towns will have an overall beneficial environmental impact.
The provision of a safe reliable water supply to the subproject areas will bring significant benefits to the intended beneficiaries, particularly the poor and women. The time saved from collecting water and firewood and boiling water sill benefit women and girls, who are the main water collectors.



Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

Project Data Sheets (PDS)

Timetable

Fact-finding
08 Apr 1999 to 29 Apr 1999

Management Review Meeting
28 May 1999

Board Approval
16 Nov 1999

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