Indonesia: Decentralized Basic Education

Sovereign Project | 31137-013 Status: Closed

Latest Project Documents

Project Results



students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities

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Project Name Decentralized Basic Education
Project Number 31137-013
Country Indonesia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 1863-INO: Decentralized Basic Education
Asian Development Fund US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Education sector development - Pre-primary and primary - social protection initiatives - Secondary - social protection initiatives

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The broad goals of the Project are to contribute to (i) poverty reduction by addressing inequity in human development through improved provision and completion of the nine-year basic education for poverty-affected children; and (ii) implementation of regional autonomy by supporting decentralized management of basic education. The immediate objectives are to: (i) improve poor children's participation in and completion of nine-year basic education; (ii) develop the capacity of districts to plan, manage, finance and deliver basic education services, improve community participation in developing basic education; and (iii) demonstrate the effectiveness of proposed and demand-based block grant mechanisms to support initiatives of the school, community and district for basic education improvement.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Development Plan of the Government (PROPENAS) and the ADB country operational strategy prioritize poverty reduction and regional equity. Achieving and sustaining these goals require equitable provision of quality basic education to set a foundation (i) to reduce existing gaps in human development across the country, and (ii) to improve balanced availability of trainable human resources to support social and economic development. The project will contribute to these strategic goals, through (i) focused investment in basic education targeted to poverty affected areas, schools, and children, and (ii) improved management and governance of basic education through decentralization and measures for transparency and accountability of the basic education system to communities and civil society.

CSP 2001-2003 and CSP 2006-2009

Impact Support to the National Development Plan goal to achieve universal nine-year basic education that serves the needs of the poor and marginalized people and is responsive to local needs

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

*Improved poor children's participation, transition completion, and performance in nine year basic education in Bali, DKI Jakarta, and NusaTengarra Barat (NTB).

**School-based management (SBM) implemented

***Decentralized basic education management support to districts in Bali, NTB, and DKI Jakarta

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location 26 districts in Bali, NTT, and NTB.

Safeguard Categories

Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

The Project will finance three packages of consultants: (i) Package A: Mentoring Services for School Based Management, (ii) District Capacity Building and Implementation Support, and (iii) Package C: Independent Monitoring and Evaluation. Package A will comprise one international consultant (30 person months), 13 domestic consultants (684 person months) and about 85 domestic community worker-type mentors to work directly with schools and communities. Package B will comprise one international consultant (24 person-months) and 46 domestic consultants (1,680 person-months). Package C will comprise one international consultant (48 person-month) and 16 domestic consultants (560 person-months).

The consultants will be selected and engaged in accordance with the ADB's Guidelines on Use pf Consults and other arrangements acceptable for ADB for engagement of domestic consultants. Advance procurement action has been allowed for the recruitment of consultants.


The Project will support rehabilitation of school facilities not meeting the minimum conditions of learning. It is estimated that the loan will cover rehabilitation of approximately 1400 primary and junior secondary schools. Civil works for school rehabilitation and school furniture (both labor and materials) will be procured locally by beneficiary schools and communities through procedures acceptable to ADB, based on the procedures already working under on-going ADB financed projects.

The Project will procure a small amount office equipment for project implementation units (CFU, PPMU, and DPMMU), such as computers for administration and data processing/management, and vehicles. Each package is estimated to cost less than $50,000 and will procured under Direct Purchase procedures showing evidence of limited local tender to obtain the most competitive prices. As each district has slightly different requirements, and districts enter into project implementation in phases, equipment will be packaged and procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement under ADB loans.

The Project will finance purchase of textbooks and other teaching/learning materials through the SDF school improvement category. Actual requirements will be determined by each school, but will not exceed $6,000. Schools will select and purchase textbooks and materials, using Direct Purchase procedures showing evidence of limited local tender to obtain the most competitive prices.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Yasushi Hirosato
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education and Culture
Mr Dedi Karyana
Directorate General of Management of Primary and Secondary Education, Directorate of Junior Secondary Education, JL Jenderal Sudirman Bldg. E, Senayan Jakarta 10270, Jakarta, Indonesia
Ministry of Religious Affairs
Jl. Lap. Banteng Barat 3-4
Lt. VII Km.C.702


Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2001
Fact Finding 06 Nov 2000 to 30 Mar 2001
MRM 21 May 2001
Approval 29 Nov 2001
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 05 Dec 2006
Last PDS Update 20 Oct 2010

Loan 1863-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Nov 2001 20 Feb 2002 20 May 2002 31 Dec 2008 - 30 Jun 2009
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 100.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 100.00 29 Nov 2001 109.25 0.00 97%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Nov 2001 112.07 0.00 100%
Title Document Type Document Date
Decentralized Basic Education Project Project/Program Completion Reports Jun 2012
Decentralized Basic Education Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2001

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

  • 01 May 2010 | Project Result / Case Study

    Indonesia: Reaching The Unreached Through The Decentralized Basic Education Project - 2010

    The Decentralized Basic Education Project (DBEP) implemented by the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) with the Ministry of Religious Affairs (MORA) is demonstrating how focusing in the poorest areas improves the quality of education and investing in post-primary education for girls with targeted special measures can be effective in increasing enrolments and keeping girls from poor and marginalized communities in school.
  • 10 Mar 2008 | Project Result / Case Study

    Back to Basics

    With decentralization putting the onus on education in Indonesia in the hands of district offices, schools, and communities, a project is aiming to turn this challenge into an opportunity. Bali - On Bali's west coast, 3 hours from the tourist crowds of the island's capital Denpasar and popular beaches of Kuta, Nusa Dua, and Sanur, is a hidden world of poverty that visitors rarely get to see.