Nepal: Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector

Sovereign Project | 32249-013 Status: Closed

Latest Project Documents

Project Results



households with new or improved water supply



households with new or improved sanitation



kilometers of water supply pipes installed or upgraded

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Project Name Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector
Project Number 32249-013
Country Nepal
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2008-NEP: Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector
Asian Development Fund US$ 24.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural sanitation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Rural water supply services

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The overall goal is to reduce poverty, improve living conditions and quality of life in poor, remote rural communities where water is often difficult to obtain and of poor quality, typically resulting in a high incidence of water-borne diarrheal diseases. The objectives are to: (i) Strengthen participating communities capacity and capability to plan, co-finance, implement, operate and maintain improved water supply and sanitation facilities; (ii) Rectify historical inequities in access to WSS and health services by gender, caste and disadvantaged ethnic groups; (iii) Using a community based approach, expand the coverage of improved WSS facilities to underserved populations, especially to poor and remote areas that have been historically neglected in sectoral development; (iv) Improve community, family and individual health by maximizing health benefits from improved WSS facilities through targeted programs for health promotion and sanitation and hygiene behavioral change; (v) Develop the capacity and capability of a wide range of sectoral support organizations, including both public and private sector and NGOs, to provide more efficient and cost-effective support to communities and local governments to improve RWSS service delivery; (vi) Promote good governance, eliminate corruption and substantially increase transparency to maximize the benefits of sectoral development financing; (vii) Substantially increase stakeholder involvement at all levels of Project implementation, and complement the activities of other assistance agencies involve in the sector; (viii) Promote sectoral integration through dissemination and replication of successful strategies, approaches, policies and procedures developed by other sectoral development groups, including NGOs and the private sector; (ix) Support and strengthen Government's decentralization efforts by focusing Project activities and decision making at the local government and community levels; (x) Further promote the evolving peace process by prioritizing delivery of RWSS and health services in previously conflict-affected areas.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Water Supply coverage in Nepal continues to be low in the range of around 78% and Sanitation coverage is about 43%. Equitable access to water supply and sanitation services is a key issue, particularly in remote areas.
Impact Human development through sustainable improvement in the water supply and sanitation sector

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Improved water supply and sanitations services of rural population including poor through community-based approach.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Component 1: Rural Water Supply and Sanitation

1.1 Community mobilization and capacity building for sustainability

1.2 Construction of community water supply and sanitation facilities

1.3 Health and hygiene program

1.4 Gender, Caste and Ethnic Minority Program

Component 2: The Institutional Strengthening Component

2.1 Strengthening DDC capacity to provide water supply and sanitation

2.2 Suppporting the decentralization policy and DWSS

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location 21 districts of Western, Midwestern and Farwestern region

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services To be determined
Procurement To be determined

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Laxmi Sharma
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport
Mr. Deep Basnyat
Ministry of Physical Planning and Works, Singhadurbar


Concept Clearance 07 Mar 2000
Fact Finding 02 Jun 2003 to 20 Jun 2003
MRM 23 Jul 2003
Approval 30 Sep 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 28 Nov 2006
Last PDS Update 29 Oct 2010

Loan 2008-NEP

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Sep 2003 09 Dec 2003 01 Apr 2004 31 Dec 2010 - 15 Apr 2011
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 24.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 24.00 30 Sep 2003 23.53 0.00 99%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 30 Sep 2003 23.86 0.00 100%
Title Document Type Document Date
Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Project/Program Completion Reports Nov 2012
Community Based Water Supply and Sanitation Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2003
Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Project Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies Sep 2003

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation Sector: Gender, Caste, and Ethnicity Awareness and Empowerment Strategy Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Aug 2004

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

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