India: Kerala Sustainable Urban Development (formerly Urban Infrastructure Development and Environment II)

Sovereign Project | 32300-013 Status: Active


Latest Project Documents

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name Kerala Sustainable Urban Development (formerly Urban Infrastructure Development and Environment II)
Project Number 32300-013
Country India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2226-IND: Kerala Sustainable Urban Development (formerly Urban Infrastructure Development and Environment II)
Ordinary capital resources US$ 221.20 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Urban roads and traffic management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Other urban services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome Work in progress
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

78 kms drains constructed

23 km water transmission mains laid

36 km of water distribution system laid

Sewage pumping station work in progress at 8 locations

25 km of sewers laid

107 MLD of sewage treatment capacity created

Work in progress

29 km or roads constructed

1 flyover, 1 bridge and 1 underpass completed

Geographical Location Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kochi, Kozhikode, Thrissur in State of Kerala, India

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples A

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The Project has been classified as environmental category B. As part of the project preparatory TA, initial environmental examinations (IEEs) were carried out for project subcomponents in all five municipal corporations covered by the Project. The IEEs showed that none of the proposed components would have significant adverse environmental impacts. Anticipated minor environmental impacts include some loss of on-site ecology and the conversion of small amounts of rural agricultural land; dust generation due to excavation activities; and increased vibration, noise, fumes and traffic during construction. Mitigation measures have been proposed to minimize impacts from inadequate maintenance of sewerage systems and/or gases generated during the decomposition of solid waste. Significant environmental benefits resulting from the Project include improved hygiene and sanitary conditions in all municipal corporations; better waste handling, treatment and disposal; a healthier ecosystem because of the reduction in the waste discharged into protected areas; a decrease in water losses resulting from the currently defective water distribution system; and better air quality as a result of improvements to traffic and road conditions. Environmental management plans (EMPs) were drawn up for sanitary landfill sites and sewage treatment plants to be financed by the Project.
Involuntary Resettlement The physical components included under the Project were selected in order to minimize land acquisition, resettlement, and relocation. Most of the proposed improvements and construction will be on land owned by the municipal corporation or by another government agency. The total land acquisition requirement is about 1.55 hectares (0.09 hectares for overhead water tanks and 1.46 hectares for sewage pumping stations). There may be a need to temporarily displace or relocate hawkers and vendors during road improvements and pipe laying for water, sewerage and sanitation, and drainage. If necessary, alternative temporary spaces will be provided nearby to minimize the disruption to the economic activities of the hawkers and vendors. The total number of people affected by the Project, and the significance of the resettlement impacts, if any, can only be estimated after the detailed design of the components.
Indigenous Peoples The Project is unlikely to have any impacts on indigenous peoples in Kerala, as activities will be concentrated in urban areas where few indigenous peoples are to be found. However, because of the approach to be followed in Part C: Local Government Infrastructure Development, there is a slight possibility that indigenous peoples may be directly or indirectly affected by some subprojects. The indigenous peoples development framework (IPDF) provides guidelines on formulating appropriate development planning instruments such as indigenous peoples development plans or specific actions to address such impacts.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation A domestic consulting firm will be engaged by the PMU to promote community awareness of the Project, including its long-term benefits to gain full support of the Project beneficiaries and to stimulate demand for improved urban infrastructure and services. Beneficiaries will be made aware of issues such as water rates, user charges, and property tax reform in order to achieve the Project goals. Beneficiaries will also be informed of preventive measures to avoid environmental health-related hazards and of their responsibilities to reduce and to avoid inefficient use of water.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services Consulting services will be selected and engaged using ADB's quality and cost-based selection (QCBS) procedures and in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engaging domestic consultants. A total of 2,964 person-months of consulting services (78 international and 2,886 domestic) will be required. An international consulting firm in association with domestic consulting firms will be engaged to assist the PMU in overall project administration, management, and monitoring. The estimated consulting services requirement for the Project Management Consultant (PMC) is 276 person-months (78 international and 198 domestic). Two domestic consulting firms will be engaged as Design and Supervision Consultants (DSCs) to assist the PIUs in daily project implementation activities. A total of 2,688 person-months of consulting services will be required for the two DSCs (1,176 and 1,512 person-months for the southern and northern regions, respectively). The PMU will also engage a domestic Public Relations Consultant (PRC) for public relations and awareness programs (120 person-months), and a domestic Project Performance Monitoring System (PPMS) Consultant for the monitoring and assessment of the impacts of the project (45 person-months).

Goods, works, and services financed by ADB will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Procurement will generally be carried out by the PIUs, except for equipment and vehicles common to all MCs, which will be procured by the PMU. To the extent possible, goods to be procured will be grouped into packages larger than $1 million to be suitable for ICB procedures. Miscellaneous goods for immediate use that cannot be grouped into a larger package, costing less than $1 million will be procured through IS of LCB procedures.

Civil works will be packaged based on a number of factors such as the type of work, experience available in and likely interest by local/international contractors, time required for detailed engineering designs and preparation of bidding documents. Contracts over $10 million will be procured through ICB, civil works contracts costing less than $10 million will be procured through LCB procedures. Some technically complex civil works like sewerage treatment plants, road improvements, and solid waste treatment and disposal sites will be tendered on a turnkey basis.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Pushkar Srivastava
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division India Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Local Self Gov't (Urban) Department
Mr Ajit Kumar, IAS
Local Self Government Department, Government of Kerala, 5th Floor, Trans Towers, Vazhuthacaud, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 014 Kerala, India


Concept Clearance 07 Mar 2004
Fact Finding 01 May 2005 to 21 May 2005
MRM 25 Jul 2005
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Mar 2006
Last PDS Update 17 Sep 2015

Loan 2226-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Dec 2005 08 Dec 2006 19 Mar 2007 30 Jun 2012 30 Jun 2016 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 281.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 221.20 20 Dec 2005 108.56 0.00 88%
Counterpart 59.80 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Dec 2005 112.36 0.00 91%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project Procurement Plans Jun 2013
Amendment to Loan Agreement for Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Sep 2012
Amendments to the Loan Agreement for Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Jul 2007
Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project Project/Program Administration Manual Apr 2007
Loan Agreement for Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Dec 2005
Project Agreement for Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project Project/Program Agreement Dec 2005
Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2005

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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