Indonesia: Participatory Irrigation Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 32359-013 Status: Closed

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Project Name Participatory Irrigation Sector Project
Project Number 32359-013
Country Indonesia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 4299-INO: Participatory Irrigation Sector Project
Netherlands Fund (with LoA) US$ 15.00 million
Loan 2064-INO: Participatory Irrigation Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 19.00 million
Loan 2065-INO: Participatory Irrigation Sector Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 54.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Project goals are promoting economic growth, improving livelihood of rural people including poor, and supporting good governance in water resources management. The immediate objective is sustainable management of water resources and irrigation infrastructure and facilities in a decentralized framework of government. The Project includes (i) strengthening local capacity for sustainable irrigation management; (ii) improving the performance of irrigation schemes; (iii) strengthening provincial and basin water resources management capacity; and (iv) improving water resources management information system.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Irrigated agriculture is a major economic activity and source of income for the rural poor. About 80 percent of water usage in the country is devoted to irrigation. Increasing demand and competition for water fromo other sectors such as industries and urban and rural water supply requires rational sectoral policies and a holistic approach in water resources development. While substantial sectoral policy reform has begun in recent years, the reforms' successful implementation requires (i) stronger national and regional institutions, (ii) an investment program to improve existing irrigation systems, and (iii) selective development of new irrigation systems. Small- and medium-scale irrigation systems that can be operated and managed by farmer institutions without much Operation & Maintenance (O&M) support by the Government should be rehabilitated and developed.

The proposed project aims to (i) strenghten national and regional institutional capacity for sustainable development of water resources, (ii) improve water-use efficiencies in irrigated agriculture, and (iii) increase agricultural production and productivity. The project inputs will include technical and advisory support to national and regional agencies, and rehabilitation and development of small- and medium-scale irrigation systems with direct participatoin of farmers in planning, implementation, and O&M.

The Project supports the framework of water sector reforms as defined in the recent Water Law No 7/2004 and improvements to sustainable use of water resources in line with the ADB "water for all" policy. The Project's emphasis on strengthening local government agencies are key elements of ADB's operational partnership with Indonesia.


- Increased economic growth in 25 districts of rural Indonesia

- Reduced rural poverty

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

- Sustained decentralized management of irrigation systems;

- Increased yields of irrigated crops

Progress Toward Outcome

Relevant district and provincial staff and WUAs' understanding and involvement in participatory irrigation management have been substantially enhanced in the Project's 27 districts.

Based on interviews with farmers during review missions, the Project has resulted in better management and physical upgrading of irrigation systems and improving access to irrigation water. This has resulted in expanded areas with reliable irrigation, and increased yields from 5 to 15%.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

- District capacity for management of devolved irrigation responsibilities upgraded

- Irrigation performance at scheme level improved

- District agricultural services rationalized and developed, WUAs strengthened and empowered, farmer access to agricultural services and inputs improved

- Water resources management information system improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

27 districts (including Pesawaran District, a new district split from Lampung Selatan District, and Toraja Utara District split from Tanah Toraja District in South Sulawesi), and 6 provincial governments strengthened to effectively discharge their responsibility for irrigation management in accordance with the Water Law 7/2004 and PP 20/2006 on participative irrigation management.

A total of 4,337 district and province staff (3,475 staff and 862 as TOT) trained in participative design, construction, and O&M for farmers. 59 central and regional government staff attended overseas training on water management in Sep-Oct 2009.

BAPPENAS endorsed the format of the district irrigation management plan (DIMP/RP2I) in November 2008. 16 RP2Is with management of existing irrigation systems have been endorsed by district heads (Bupati). 26 districts have started incorporating development program in their RP2Is.

About 5,076 WUAs established and/or strengthened. A total of 643 WUA federations have been established. Partnership agreements in the form of MOU have been implemented between the Dinas Water Resources Services and FWUA or WUA in accordance with PP20/2006.

1,300 farmers received training in access to credit, marketing, agribusiness development, and agriculture technology.

4,509 farmers trained through 112 Agriculture training and demonstration plot (ATDs) established under the project.

10,900 WUA/WUAF members received training in intensification and diversification of enterprises and water management system.

WRDU operational since 2005 and was reorganized in 2008. The PPMS and FMS completed in 2008 and operational since then. System design completed in 2008. TOT for the six project provinces completed in 2009. TOT for additional 20 provinces completed in 2010.

Geographical Location The Project is implemented in 27 districts in the provinces of Lampung, Banten, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and South Sulawesi. Two new districts were added to the Project as the result of separation from two original districts of PISP.

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation Farmers/Water Users Associations participate in all phases of rehabilitation of schemes, from planning, during construction, and operation and maintenance.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The Project will require an estimated 2,500 person-months (pm) of consulting services: 272 international and 2,228 domestic. The large input of consulting services is justified by the highly decentralized implementation arrangements, the Project's emphasis on beneficiary participation and the corresponding need to interact with water users and field level staff in widely dispersed small- and medium-scale irrigation schemes, and the large element of training and transfer of knowledge in the Project.
Procurement Most of the civil works under the Project are for R&U of minor hydraulic structures, irrigation and drainage canals, and roads and bridges. The works are mostly simple, labor-intensive and dispersed widely over the Project area. The contract packages are expected to be below $1.0 million equivalent, and will be awarded on the basis of local competitive bidding (LCB) among prequalified contractors, in accordance with procedures acceptable to the Bank. The IC will decide which works should be undertaken by the different classes of contractors (Classes A, B, and C), depending on the nature and complexity of the work. For all contracts over US$500,000 equivalent, prequalification, selection, and engagement of contractors will be subject to the prior approval of ADB.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Renadi Budiman
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Indonesia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Directorate General of Water Resources
Imam Agus Nugroho
Jl. Pattimura 20, Jakarta Selatan
Ministry of Home Affairs
Dir General of Regional Autonomy
Jl. Medan Merdeka Utara No. 7
Jakarta Selatan
Directorate General of Agriculturale Facilities
Tunggul Iman Panudju
Jl. Taman Mrgasatwa No. 3, Ragunan, Jakarta Selatan
Directorate General of Regional Development
Sjofjan Bakar
Jl. TM Pahlawan Kalibata No. 20, Jakarta Selatan


Concept Clearance 06 Apr 2001
Fact Finding 08 Jul 2002 to 18 Jul 2002
MRM 23 Oct 2002
Approval 19 Dec 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 11 Dec 2006
Last PDS Update 30 Sep 2013

Grant 4299-INO

Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 15.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 15.00 - 0.00 0.00 %

Loan 2064-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Dec 2003 02 Feb 2005 02 Jun 2005 30 Jun 2011 31 Dec 2012 20 Feb 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 57.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 19.00 19 Dec 2003 19.86 0.00 98%
Counterpart 38.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Dec 2003 20.36 0.00 100%

Loan 2065-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Dec 2003 02 Feb 2005 02 Jun 2005 30 Jun 2011 31 Dec 2012 20 Feb 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 54.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 54.00 19 Dec 2003 50.83 0.00 94%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Dec 2003 53.99 0.00 100%
Title Document Type Document Date
Participatory Irrigation Sector Project Project/Program Completion Reports Jun 2014
Participatory Irrigation Sector Project Project/Program Administration Manual Jan 2008
Participatory Irrigation Sector Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2003

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

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