Bhutan: Road Network

Sovereign Project | 32373-013

Summary

The objective of the Project is to improve transport efficiency on the trunk road network and accessibility in rural areas, which will contribute both to expansion of economic opportunities and poverty reduction. This objective will be achieved through (i) improving and shortening a major north-south highway (136 km), (ii) constructing feeder roads (102 km), (iii) enhancing DOR's capacity of road asset management and road safety audit, and (iv) facilitating private sector participation in the domestic contracting industry.

Latest Project Documents

Title Document Date
Road Network Project Aug 2013
Road Network Project Jun 2011
Road Network Project Jan 2011

Project Results

 

81,263.20

average daily vehicle-kilometers using roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

 

202

kilometers of road that have been built or upgraded


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Project Name Road Network
Project Number 32373-013
Country Bhutan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2187-BHU: Road Network
Asian Development Fund US$ 27.30 million
TA 4658-BHU: Capacity Building in Road Safety and Road Asset Management
Japan Special Fund US$ 300,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The objective of the Project is to improve transport efficiency on the trunk road network and accessibility in rural areas, which will contribute both to expansion of economic opportunities and poverty reduction. This objective will be achieved through (i) improving and shortening a major north-south highway (136 km), (ii) constructing feeder roads (102 km), (iii) enhancing DOR's capacity of road asset management and road safety audit, and (iv) facilitating private sector participation in the domestic contracting industry.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The country strategy and program update for Bhutan identified transport development as a key requirement for poverty reduction. The Government recognizes the importance of an efficient, reliable road network in a landlocked country. Expansion of feeder roads is one of the Government's priority strategies. The feeder roads under the Project are included in the updated 9th Five-Year Plan and selected in accordance with the Government's policy to realize regional balance and rural access.
Impact Improve access to basic infrastructure to achieve economic growth and social development.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

(i) Provide efficient and safe movement of freight and people over the national highway network.

(ii) Provide rural population with better access to social services, markets, and other economic opportunities

(iii) Enhance DOR's asset management

(iv) Enhance private sector's capacity

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

(i) A national highway section between Trongsa and Gelephu improved to a standard that allows smooth passage of all types of vehicles

(ii) Selected feeder roads constructed for communities to be accessible to motorized transport

(iii) Road asset information systems enhanced for DOR's efficient and effective monitoring

(iv) Road safety capacity improved in DOR and RSTA

(v) Domestic contractors engaged for works of project roads

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Overall progress of civil works construction is satisfactory. Nine out of 15 packages have been completed, 3 packages have slow progress and the rest of the packages are in the advanced stage of construction works.
Geographical Location Sarpang, Zhemgang, Chhukha, Lhuentse, Mongar, Trashigang
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consultants will be selected and recruited through a firm using the quality- and cost-based selection method, in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engagement of domestic consultants.

The Project will require consulting services to assist DOR in (i) preparing detailed design and bidding documents of the pavement strengthening works; (ii) reviewing and finalizing DOR's design and bid documents of the bridges, national highway realignment, and feeder roads; and (iii) procurement of civil works. A domestic firm (with about 65 person-month inputs) will be recruited for these assignments. This includes assistance for DOR in (i) preparing resettlement plan and (ii) monitoring implementation of land acquisition.

For construction supervision, an international consulting firm in association with a domestic consulting firm will be recruited. An estimated 38 person-month of international and 1,030 person-month of domestic consulting inputs will be required.

A domestic environmental specialist will be engaged individually for (i) assisting DOR in obtaining environmental clearance, forest clearance, and quarry clearance from relevant government agencies and (ii) monitoring implementation of the environmental management plan. About 8 person-month consulting inputs will be required.

Procurement All civil works contracts (about 15 contract packages) will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement following local competitive bidding procedures. Each civil works contract will have an estimated value of maximum $2.5 million, and will be executed in four phases, each within 30 - 35 months period. Supply contracts with values of more than $500,000 will be procured under international competitive bidding procedures, with values between $100,000-500,000 and for less than $100,000 will be procured through international shopping and direct purchase arrangements respectively.
Responsible ADB Officer Tsuneyuki Sakai
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Department of RoadsMr. Sangey Tenzingckdorrip@gmail.comThimphu, Bhutan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2005
Fact Finding 21 Mar 2005 to 06 Apr 2005
MRM 18 May 2005
Approval 30 Sep 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 05 Jan 2007
Last PDS Update 21 Mar 2011

Loan 2187-BHU

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Sep 2005 19 Oct 2005 01 Dec 2005 31 Dec 2010 31 Dec 2011 12 Apr 2012
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 34.10 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 27.30 30 Sep 2005 29.15 0.00 100%
Counterpart 6.80 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 30 Sep 2005 29.15 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - Satisfactory

TA 4658-BHU

Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
300,000.00 0.00 76,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 376,000.00 - 0.00
Title Document Type Document Date
Road Network Project Project/Program Completion Reports Aug 2013
Road Network Project Project/Program Administration Manual Oct 2006
Loan Agreement for Road Network Project between the Kingdom of Bhutan and ADB dated 19 October 2005 Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Oct 2005
Road Network Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Aug 2005

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Road Network Project Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2011
Road Network Project Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2011
Road Network Project: Annual Environmental Monitoring Report 2010 Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2010
Road Network Project: Annual Environmental Monitoring Report 2009 Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2009
Road Network Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January - June 2009) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2009
Road Network Project: Annual Environmental Monitoring Report 2008 Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2009
Road Network Project: Mirchim-Bongo Feeder Road: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2007
Road Network Project: Tekizam-Bjena Feeder Road: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2007
Road Network Project: Autsho-Garbagtang Feeder Road: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2007
Road Network Project: Kharthungla-Kangpara Feeder Road: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2007
Road Network Project: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Sep 2005
Road Network Project Summary Environmental Impact Assessments May 2005

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
Bhutan: Road Network Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Oct 2014

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