Nepal: Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 33209-013 Status: Active

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Project Name Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project
Project Number 33209-013
Country Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2102-NEP: Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Loan 8222-NEP: Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 7.00 million
Loan 3124-NEP: Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector - Additional Financing
Asian Development Fund US$ 30.00 million
Loan 8288-NEP: Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector - Additional Financing
OPEC Fund for International Development US$ 30.00 million
Loan: Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project
Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development US$ 17.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome 65 Batch I ISPs are awarded and under implementation; whereas 40 Batch II ISPs will be awarded by 15 May 2016. Preparation of Batch III will initiate from 3rd quarter of 2016. 2 AMIS are under implementation, 1 is in the process of awarding contract, and 2 AMIS needs assessment and a decision on their suitability for IMT will be taken during the coming ADB review mission.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

105 ISPs completed under CMIASP on time and within budget; and 65 ISPs under CMIASP-AF are awarded and under various stages of implementation.

DOI association organizers (AO) worked with WUAs of all 111 ISPs under CMIASP to mobilize farmers. Their service has remained same in the 65 ISPs under CMIASP-AF, although their service standard and active participation requires improvement.

Irrigation Policy was adopted by the government on 2013. IWRM policy was drafted. DOI mission and vision document prepared. DOI organizational restructuring initiated.

- WUAs formed under the project are activie.

- 32% women representation in WUA and 6.5% in leadership position achieved until now. Crop water management will begin after completion of ISPs.

- WUAs are being encouraged to decide rate of irrigation service fee for future O&M.

IA (DADO/DOA) has been organizing agriculture groups and identifying leader farmers for training. About 50% women representation acheived in agriculture groups.

15,677 ha has been irrigated under CMIASP, and 3,641 ha are already under construction making a total of 19,318 ha.

Geographical Location Rural areas of Central and Eastern Development regions (Bagmati, Narayani, Janakpur, Sagarmatha, Koshi and Mechi)

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

Initial environmental examination (IEE) reports of all 111 subprojects were prepared with environment management plan and approved by ADB. Simplified IEE report format was prepared for Batch-II and III schemes. EMP provisions were included in the contract agreement document, although EMP compliance was partial. Construction Monitoring Committee of WUAs and IDDs/IDSDs staff carried supervision of construction works and quality control. EMP compliance monitoring was also conducted but partially.

IEE of 72 subprojects were prepared and approved by ADB, in condition for field verification and updating after consultants are mobilized in the field.

Involuntary Resettlement

Minimal strip acquisitions were required for widening or extending existing or new canals. A resettlement framework (RF) was prepared to address the limited land acquisition requirement in the subprojects. Construction activities did not start until the resettlement plan (RP, containing an inventory of loss, the number of affected men and women and agreed upon compensation, whether voluntary/involuntary) were signed by the affected persons (APs). Preparation of the RP was part of subproject preparation, and their implementation was being carried out in close consultation with and participation of APs and WUA members, along with an acceptable third party witness (generally VDCs).

Landowners are voluntarily contributing their land for construction of canal structures. Based on the negligible impact, Due Diligence Report were prepared instead of Resettlement Plan. A standard format was prepared for the Due Diligence Report. Total 16 short resettlement plan and 95 numbers of Due Diligence Report were prepared in CMIASP. WUAs have functioned as grievance redress committees, and no major grievances were recorded in the project.

Similar arrangements are adopted in CMIASP-AF.

Indigenous Peoples

Indigenous people's issues were found insignificant in the subprojects, where the beneficiary group comprised of ethnic local majority but a national minority. Hence, preparing indigenous peoples specific actions was not deemed necessary, as they were actually the beneficiaries of the project. Livelihood enhancement plan (LEP) targeted women, landless, poor, vulnerable and dalit households to provide them income generation training.

CMIASP-AF will also consider any potential impact on the indigenour people and prepare plan to mitigate them.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

During the project preparatory stage, the Government with the assistance of the consultants undertook initial consultations in the sample subproject areas, and presented resettlement framework translated in the local language. The feedback and observations made at the stakeholders meetings were used in preparing the entitlement matrix and discussing the project benefits for affected people.

The consultations revealed that, while households were concerned that they would lose a certain level of income due to the acquisition of the strip of land, they opined that the loss would be far outweighed by the benefits from increased reliability and availability of irrigation water that would enhance crop productivity and intensity. Consequently, all households were found ready to voluntarily contribute their land. It was also confirmed that the female heads of vulnerable households would be given priority access to subproject agriculture and livelihood enhancement programs and employment opportunities. Further consultation and finalization of the entitlement matrix and resettlement plan will continue prior to the approval of the subprojects detailed design, including the written agreements between the landowner and the WUA, with a "no coercion" clause and witnessed by a neutral party in case of voluntary land contribution.

Similar arrangement has been adopted in CMIASP-AF.

During Project Implementation

The project promoted participatory approach by mobilizing communities through the organization of 111 WUAs with represenation of about 30% women. WUAs were formed through registration of the organization to run FMIS in a systematic and corporate fashion. Their constitution was prepared in consultation by mobilizing local NGOs. Nearly all interactions between men and women farmers and the Project took place through the WUA, including in design, extension, construction, and training. The Project ensured that WUA capacity is sufficiently strengthened. To develop the human resources of the project area, locally-based NGOs were trained to undertake beneficiary mobilization and capacity development activities to ensure implementation of the envisaged social and gender outputs. The performance of NGOs were varying.

CMIASP-AF has also envisaged to strengthen WUA through social mobilizers (target 80% female) instead of NGOs. Proper consultation and communication plan will be prepared and implemented to systematically disseminate information.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services A total of 33 person-months of international consultant (team leader, individual under 1 package), and 690 person-months of domestic consultant firm (1 package), individual consultants (5 packages) and consulting firms for miscellaneous support services (2 packages).
Procurement All ADB-financed procurement will follow ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Civil works (estimated at $30 million in total) will be undertaken following NCB in each of some 150 FMIS and 5 AMIS. An estimated 12 packages for goods (vehicles, equipment, power-mini-tillers, motorcycles and office equipment). Similarly, 3 packages will be for building rehabilitation work.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Deepak Singh
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Irrigation
Naveen Mangal Joshi
cmiasp@wlink.com.np
CPMO, Department of Irrigation

Timetable

Concept Clearance 01 Mar 2002
Fact Finding 09 Sep 2003 to 01 Oct 2003
MRM 16 Feb 2004
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 29 Nov 2006
Last PDS Update 04 Mar 2016

Loan 2102-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Nov 2004 23 Dec 2005 13 Jan 2006 30 Sep 2012 30 Sep 2014 22 Sep 2015
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 31.60 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 17 Nov 2004 16.12 0.00 100%
Counterpart 11.60 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Nov 2004 16.12 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 3124-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Apr 2014 16 May 2014 03 Jun 2014 31 Jan 2021 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 38.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 30.00 10 Apr 2014 15.57 0.00 62%
Counterpart 8.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 10 Apr 2014 6.20 0.00 25%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8222-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
14 Dec 2004 21 Dec 2005 22 May 2006 31 Dec 2009 30 Sep 2014 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 7.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 14 Dec 2004 0.00 6.00 86%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 7.00 14 Dec 2004 0.00 5.43 78%

Loan 8288-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Sep 2014 05 Feb 2015 20 Apr 2016 30 Sep 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 30.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 12 Sep 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 30.00 12 Sep 2014 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project - Additional Financing: Additional Cofinancing Loan Change in Scope, Amount, and Implementation Arrangements Oct 2014
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project - Additional Financing Project/Program Administration Manual Mar 2014
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project Project/Program Administration Manual Nov 2006
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2004

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2016
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Kali Koshi No. 1 Paini Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2010
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Haribole Khola Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Gaunfarka Kulo Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Bajrahiguthi Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Mainawati Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Tari Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Hattisar Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Parwanipur Kalinjor Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Janta Kulo Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Charchare Khola Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Ripini Dhotar Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Gaidatar Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Unnat Katunje Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Nagin Sarkari Kulo Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Upper Baugi Irrigation Subproject, Parsa District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Kantawa Irrigation Subproject, Mahottari District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Jayapuri Jogimara Irrigation Subproject, Dhading District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Talkharka Irrigation Subproject, Ilam District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Geruka Irrigation Subproject, Mahottari District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Shikhar Kateri Irrigation Subproject, Kavre District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Lohandra Dataram Paini Irrigation Subproject, Morang District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Kewa Khola Irrigation Subproject, Dhankuta District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Tangting Kali Khola Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Ghatte Khola Irrigation Subproject, Bhojpur District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Bachharaja Irrigation Subproject, Dhanusha District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Paliya Irrigation Subproject, Jhapa District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Bansbote Irrigation Subproject, Dhankuta District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Terso Kulo Irrigation Subproject, Kavre District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Ikudaha Irrigation Subproject, Lalitpur District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Bhulke Irrigation Subproject, Sunsari District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Sadhuwa Irrigation Subproject, Parsa District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Daltar Bhaltar Irrigation Subproject, Dhading District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Tileshwor Mahadev Irrigation Subproject, Lalitpur District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Kajipaini Irrigation Subproject, Dhanusha District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Ingla Khola Irrigation Subproject, Ilam District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Sisneri Chhahare Irrigation Subproject, Nuwakot District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agricultural Sector Project: Annapurna Baruwa Irrigation Subproject, Uday pur District Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Ikudaha Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Kantawa Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Ingla Khola Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Terso Kulo Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Annapurna Baruwa Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Sadhuwa Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Bachharaja Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Bansbote Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Shikhar Kateri Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Motipur Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Daltar Bhaltar Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Bhulke Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Sisneri Chhahare Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Betegauda Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Geruka Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Ghatte Khola Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community-Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Tadi Khola Ghatte Budune Phant Irrigation Subproject Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2009
Community Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Short Resettlement Plan for Ingla Khola Sub-project -Ilam District Resettlement Plans Nov 2003
Community Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Short Resettlement Plan for Talkharka Sub-project- Ilam District Resettlement Plans Nov 2003
Community Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Short Resettlement Plan for Geruka Harinmari Irrigation Sub-project- Mahottari District Resettlement Plans Oct 2003
Community Managed Irrigated Agriculture Sector Project: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Aug 2003

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

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