Loan 2102- CMIASP:
The Project is implementing 111 ISPs (target 101) covering a total area of 15,677 ha (target 13,700 ha) serving 178,285 beneficiaries (target 115,600). The average increase in cropping intensity is 34.7% (target 40%); cereal crops production increased by 73,869 ton (target 16,700 ton) and potato production increased by 16,780 ton (target 10,800 ton) with an overall annual increase in crop production by 90,649 ton (target 40,000 ton), hence exceeding all the project outcome targets. The Project has envisaged achieving the outcome targets after 3 years of project operation. Thus, it is expected that the results by the end of 2017 will further consolidate the project achievements (Attachment 2). The gross margin per farm family has increased by 117% (target 70%). The Project has supported for permanent employment of 1.2 million days in agriculture (target 1.3 million days) and temporary employment of 1.2 million days in construction work. The annual family income of landless laborers has increased by 360% to NRs7,188 (target NRs2,000).
All the WUAs of 111 ISPs are registered and trained by the Project in leadership, management, agriculture extension, and sustainable operation of the ISPs. Women representation in WUA is 33% in 40% ISPs and 30% in overall (target 33%), of which 6% have assumed leadership position. The beneficiary farmers (members of WUA) have contributed 4.52% of the construction cost in average (target 3%). The project strengthened capacity of IA through various training and capacity development program, because of which they have been able to implement 2 to 5 ISPs at a time in each irrigation division offices (target 4 ISPs).
Loan 3124- CMIASP-AF:
The Project will implement about 150 FMIS and 5 AMIS covering a total area of 19,920 ha. The average increase in cropping intensity is 30%% in terai and 35% in the hills. Yield of each major crop (rice, maize, wheat, potato) production increased by at least 30% in subproject areas by 2021. Seed replacement rate of major crops shall increase to 13% from current 11% by 2021. At least a leader farmer will be certified in each ISP, and 35% shall be women.
All the WUAs of 155 ISPs will be registered and trained by the Project in leadership, management, agriculture extension, water management and sustainable operation of the ISPs. The WUA will be socially representative and have equitable representation. The project will also support in construction of new field-level water courses recommended in integrated crop water management by the farmers. Women representation in WUA will be at least 33% and at least 50% WUAs having women in leadership position.
The project had an early start due to the completion of preparatory works in 73 ISPs under the Bank funded WRPPF. However the lead was largely off-set by delays in official processes and procedures.
A total of 46 ISPs (FMIS) with a command area of 5,194 Ha are under implementation as of September 13, 2015. Of these, construction has been started in 37 ISPs and the physical progress made is 21.24 % with an elapsed time of 18%. In remaining 9 ISPs the contractors are due to be mobilized.
WUAs in the 37 ISPs under construction have been duly registered but they remain to undergo training on leadership, Quality Control etc. The WUA executive committees are in most cases inclusive with female and dalits as members and they represent head, middle and tail section of the canal system. In select WUAs women representation stands at 33.7%. Under agriculture support program the DADO have formed agriculture groups in all ISPs and such groups have more than 50% female members.
As infrastructure development in several ISPs is still in infancy, it may be premature to judge the increase in yield at present. Similarly construction of field level structures and water courses are expected to commence once major civil works are over.
Apart from FMIS improvement measures the project recently paid its attention to AMIS activities as well. Initial consultations for Management Transfer were carried out in 1 of the 5 selected AMIS under the project. 3 Consultations were conducted at the head, middle and tail sections of the irrigation system. The event was meaningful and the farmers unequivocally expressed their commitments to assume the O & M responsibilities after management transfer. Females displayed their overwhelming support by partaking in each consultation.