Maldives: Regional Development Project Phase II

Sovereign Project | 33218-013 Status: Closed


Latest Project Documents

Project Results



    households with new or improved sanitation



    cubic million/day of waste water treatment capacity added or improved

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Project Name Regional Development Project Phase II
Project Number 33218-013
Country Maldives
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2170-MLD: Regional Development Project Phase II
Asian Development Fund US$ 6.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome The project is almost fully completed with the sewerage treatment plants established in two focus islands, most of the SWM equipment procured for the SWM centers and most training programs completed. The remaining activities include: (i) procurement of minor machinery, stand-alone survey and monitoring equipment, and reusable bags; (ii) final commissioning tests of the sewerage systems and training by the civil work contractor; and (iii) training programs for community management, financial management and corporate management. To allow completion of these remaining activities, ADB approved an extension of the loan closing date from 30 June 2012 to 31 December 2012. As of September 2012, technical evaluation of minor machinery is on going and the training programs for financial management and corporate management are being awarded.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Final commission of the sewerage treatment plants (STPs) will be completed by December 2012 upon minimum house connection achieved. The construction completion certificates, except for minor items and final commissioning, were issued in January 2012 and February 2012 respectively. STPs will be commissioned by 31 December 2012 and an analysis of use and O&M will be undertaken in 2013.

The Geo Hydrology Report of 2007 shows that Fonadhoo and Mahibadhoo has total coliform exceeding 100/100ml and faecal coliform averages 10/100ml with some samples exceeding 100/100ml. The Report also shows high levels of ammonia and nitrite. An analysis of groundwater will be repeated in 2013 after the commissioning of the STPs.

Health center visits for diarrhea for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru are being collected from the Centre for Disease Control.

Environmental awareness and community capacity building has been undertaken through the Project. The 2009 Socio-economic Survey shows 51%, 32%, and 99% of population in Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru, respectively in terms of bringing SW to the dumpsites. An analysis of SWM participation will be undertaken in 2013 after the provision of SWM equipment in the three focus islands.

Most of the SWM equipment, except for reusable bags, has been provided and the use of SWM and O&M will be monitored in 2013.

Environmental awareness and community capacity building have been undertaken specifically on water catchment management. Rain water tank maintenance training will be included in community training and will be completed by 2012. Water consumption in 2009 was recorded at 120 liters per person per day (Design Criteria Report). A comparative analysis will be undertaken in 2013. Different levels of groundwater chloride (around 250) were observed for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru according to the EIAs (2009). A comparative analysis will be undertaken in 2013 pending available funding.

Other than the assigned dumping sites, dumping is observed in Fonadhoo specifically beach areas and undeveloped bush areas (Solid Waste Training Report of 2009 documented by consultants). After the provision of equipment to operationalize SWM centers, an analysis of the state of dumping solid wastes will be undertaken.

Groundwater analysis has been undertaken and a program for groundwater quality testing as an early warning mechanism will be developed, awaiting water quality monitoring equipment.

Community mobilization and participation in land management was undertaken through the land use planning department.

A Cooperatives Act has been submitted in 2005.

Community support is estimated at 50%, 78% and 75% for tariff payment at the lowest range for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru based on Socio-economic Survey of 2009.

Communities were consulted and feedback was incorporated in location and design of infrastructure. Any local construction employment is being documented.


Long-term training has been undertaken for the Ministry of Atolls, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Ministry of Housing and Environment. On-the-job training through consultants has also been provided on financial management, water quality survey, socio-economic data gathering, use of total station survey equipment, tools for climate change and practical surveying. Further trainings are ongoing.

Geographical Location The Project will be implemented on three focus islands (Naifaru-Lhaviyani, Mahibadhoo-Alif Dhall, and Fonadhoo-Laamu atolls).

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination (IEE) was conducted for the Project, which covers the North-Central, Central, and South-Central Regions (Central Regions) of the Maldives. The Project is classified as under category B in accordance with Asian Development Bank (ADB) Guidelines Assessment Environmental. The Project will have no significant negative environmental effect.
Involuntary Resettlement Common facilities for wastewater and solid waste treatment will be constructed in vacant areas allocated by the Government in accordance with the island's land use plan. The Government has assured that should the Project result in unavoidable involuntary resettlement, a resettlement plan will be made in accordance with ADB's policy on involuntary resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples Thre are no ethnic minorities or indigenous people in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project will collect baseline information on communities to prioritize them, taking account of hte particular needs of structures already set up for community-based management, such as the island development committees and women development committees. Information on communities collected in the process of prioritizing targets willa lso serve for project monitoring and evaluation.
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services The Project will require 141 person-months of consulting services (61 person-months international, and 80 of domestic). Consulting services are required to facilitate project implementation and to strengthen the institutional, administrative and financial capacities of the PMU and PIUs. One consulting firm will provide consulting services for the PMU and the PIUs. One consulting firm will provide consulting services for the PMU and PIUs. The consultants, to be financed under the loan, will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants using a quality and cost-based selection method and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the engagement of domestic consultants.
Procurement Goods, related services, and civil works to be financed from the loan proceeds will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement and Government procurement procedures acceptable to ADB. The Sanitation schemes will be integrated into a combined design and supervision, and supply and construction packages for international competitive bidding. Equipment packages valued at $500,000 equivalent or less will be procured following international shopping procedures acceptable to ADB, and packages valued at $100,000 equivalent or less will be under direct purchasing procedures. Civil works contracts for the catchment rehabilitation under the rainwater tank component for values less than $15,000 equivalent will follow ADB's Guide on Community Participation in Procurement.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Pritha Cawrse
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance and Treasury
Mr. Ahmed As-ad
Ameenee Magu
Republic of the Maldives


Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2003
Fact Finding 18 Apr 2004 to 30 Apr 2004
MRM 06 Aug 2004
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 06 Feb 2007
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2012

Loan 2170-MLD

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Apr 2005 20 Sep 2005 20 Apr 2006 31 Mar 2011 31 Dec 2012 09 Sep 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 7.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 6.00 28 Apr 2005 5.37 0.00 100%
Counterpart 1.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Apr 2005 5.37 0.00 100%
Title Document Type Document Date
Regional Development Project, Phase II - Environmental Infrastructure and Management Project/Program Completion Reports Aug 2014
Regional Development Project, Phase II Reports and Recommendations of the President Apr 2005

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Related Publications

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