Maldives: Regional Development Project Phase II

Sovereign Project | 33218-013

Summary

The Project seeks to provide the focus for regional development in the North Central, Central and South Central development regions thereby supporting more equitable development in the country and taking some of the pressure off the capital Male. The Project includes a balance of institutional, infrastructure and environmental improvements on the 3 focus islands and their region. The Project will contribute to the achievement of the longer-term goals of safeguarding public health and the environment, supporting private-sector participation in waste management and sanitation, and increasing public awareness of responsible environmental management practices. The Project combines the three principal thrusts of policy improvement, capacity building and investment in physical facilities.

Latest Project Documents

Project Results

 

571

households with new or improved sanitation

 

595

cubic million/day of waste water treatment capacity added or improved


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Project Name Regional Development Project Phase II
Project Number 33218-013
Country Maldives
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2170-MLD: Regional Development Project Phase II
Asian Development Fund US$ 6.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description The Project seeks to provide the focus for regional development in the North Central, Central and South Central development regions thereby supporting more equitable development in the country and taking some of the pressure off the capital Male. The Project includes a balance of institutional, infrastructure and environmental improvements on the 3 focus islands and their region. The Project will contribute to the achievement of the longer-term goals of safeguarding public health and the environment, supporting private-sector participation in waste management and sanitation, and increasing public awareness of responsible environmental management practices. The Project combines the three principal thrusts of policy improvement, capacity building and investment in physical facilities. The Project will (i) improve hygiene and sanitation through the implementation of settled sewerage systems in three of the focus islands with possibility of replication to other islands; (ii) improve the quality of safe drinking water through the expansion of the rain water tank program; (iii) promote environmental conservation through the introduction of an integrated waste management system on a pilot project basis and conservation of ground water resources; (iv) support the regional development management process and improve local governance of island communities through the institutionalization of a comprehensive and integrated land use planning system; (v) foster participatory development and capacity building support to promote an improved enabling environment for the support of the regional development management process (at island, atoll and central government levels).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Poverty in Maldives stems primarily fromr regional disparities in living conditions related to remoteness of the inslands and lack of infrastructure and social services in the atolls. The island ecosystems are among the most vulnerable, and suffer rapid depletion and pollution of groundwater, pollution of the coastal environment due to inadequate sewage and solid waste disposal, and marine resource depletion. Environmental degradation can render an island uninhabitable, increase its vulnerability to natural disasters, and impact on key economic sectors, particularly tourism and fisheries. Problem analysis reveals that (i) basic infrastructure is largely inadequate on the outer islands to provide safe drinking water, and to prevent groundwater, marine and terrestrial polluction, and health hazards; (ii) regional planning is deficient due to the absence of implementing basic instruments such as land-use and economic planning, and environmental management of resource protection and health preservation; and (iii) management capacity at the regional, atoll, and island levels requires strengthening.

The project supports the sixth National Development Plan which highlights that regional development is key to easing the development pressure on Male as well as solving equity problems.

Impact The Project's goal is to increase the standard of living in the Central Regions.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved environmental and land management in the Central Regions
Progress Toward Outcome The project is almost fully completed with the sewerage treatment plants established in two focus islands, most of the SWM equipment procured for the SWM centers and most training programs completed. The remaining activities include: (i) procurement of minor machinery, stand-alone survey and monitoring equipment, and reusable bags; (ii) final commissioning tests of the sewerage systems and training by the civil work contractor; and (iii) training programs for community management, financial management and corporate management. To allow completion of these remaining activities, ADB approved an extension of the loan closing date from 30 June 2012 to 31 December 2012. As of September 2012, technical evaluation of minor machinery is on going and the training programs for financial management and corporate management are being awarded.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Environmental infrastructure in the Central Regions improved (4Q 2005-3Q 2010)

Strengthening planning and environmental management (4Q2005-3Q 2010)

Building management and implementation capacity (4Q2005-3Q 2010)

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Final commission of the sewerage treatment plants (STPs) will be completed by December 2012 upon minimum house connection achieved. The construction completion certificates, except for minor items and final commissioning, were issued in January 2012 and February 2012 respectively. STPs will be commissioned by 31 December 2012 and an analysis of use and O&M will be undertaken in 2013.

The Geo Hydrology Report of 2007 shows that Fonadhoo and Mahibadhoo has total coliform exceeding 100/100ml and faecal coliform averages 10/100ml with some samples exceeding 100/100ml. The Report also shows high levels of ammonia and nitrite. An analysis of groundwater will be repeated in 2013 after the commissioning of the STPs.

Health center visits for diarrhea for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru are being collected from the Centre for Disease Control.

Environmental awareness and community capacity building has been undertaken through the Project. The 2009 Socio-economic Survey shows 51%, 32%, and 99% of population in Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru, respectively in terms of bringing SW to the dumpsites. An analysis of SWM participation will be undertaken in 2013 after the provision of SWM equipment in the three focus islands.

Most of the SWM equipment, except for reusable bags, has been provided and the use of SWM and O&M will be monitored in 2013.

Environmental awareness and community capacity building have been undertaken specifically on water catchment management. Rain water tank maintenance training will be included in community training and will be completed by 2012. Water consumption in 2009 was recorded at 120 liters per person per day (Design Criteria Report). A comparative analysis will be undertaken in 2013. Different levels of groundwater chloride (around 250) were observed for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru according to the EIAs (2009). A comparative analysis will be undertaken in 2013 pending available funding.

Other than the assigned dumping sites, dumping is observed in Fonadhoo specifically beach areas and undeveloped bush areas (Solid Waste Training Report of 2009 documented by consultants). After the provision of equipment to operationalize SWM centers, an analysis of the state of dumping solid wastes will be undertaken.

Groundwater analysis has been undertaken and a program for groundwater quality testing as an early warning mechanism will be developed, awaiting water quality monitoring equipment.

Community mobilization and participation in land management was undertaken through the land use planning department.

A Cooperatives Act has been submitted in 2005.

Community support is estimated at 50%, 78% and 75% for tariff payment at the lowest range for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru based on Socio-economic Survey of 2009.

Communities were consulted and feedback was incorporated in location and design of infrastructure. Any local construction employment is being documented.

Ongoing

Long-term training has been undertaken for the Ministry of Atolls, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Ministry of Housing and Environment. On-the-job training through consultants has also been provided on financial management, water quality survey, socio-economic data gathering, use of total station survey equipment, tools for climate change and practical surveying. Further trainings are ongoing.

Geographical Location The Project will be implemented on three focus islands (Naifaru-Lhaviyani, Mahibadhoo-Alif Dhall, and Fonadhoo-Laamu atolls).
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination (IEE) was conducted for the Project, which covers the North-Central, Central, and South-Central Regions (Central Regions) of the Maldives. The Project is classified as under category B in accordance with Asian Development Bank (ADB) Guidelines Assessment Environmental. The Project will have no significant negative environmental effect.
Involuntary Resettlement Common facilities for wastewater and solid waste treatment will be constructed in vacant areas allocated by the Government in accordance with the island's land use plan. The Government has assured that should the Project result in unavoidable involuntary resettlement, a resettlement plan will be made in accordance with ADB's policy on involuntary resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples Thre are no ethnic minorities or indigenous people in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project will collect baseline information on communities to prioritize them, taking account of hte particular needs of structures already set up for community-based management, such as the island development committees and women development committees. Information on communities collected in the process of prioritizing targets willa lso serve for project monitoring and evaluation.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project will require 141 person-months of consulting services (61 person-months international, and 80 of domestic). Consulting services are required to facilitate project implementation and to strengthen the institutional, administrative and financial capacities of the PMU and PIUs. One consulting firm will provide consulting services for the PMU and the PIUs. One consulting firm will provide consulting services for the PMU and PIUs. The consultants, to be financed under the loan, will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants using a quality and cost-based selection method and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the engagement of domestic consultants.
Procurement Goods, related services, and civil works to be financed from the loan proceeds will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement and Government procurement procedures acceptable to ADB. The Sanitation schemes will be integrated into a combined design and supervision, and supply and construction packages for international competitive bidding. Equipment packages valued at $500,000 equivalent or less will be procured following international shopping procedures acceptable to ADB, and packages valued at $100,000 equivalent or less will be under direct purchasing procedures. Civil works contracts for the catchment rehabilitation under the rainwater tank component for values less than $15,000 equivalent will follow ADB's Guide on Community Participation in Procurement.
Responsible ADB Officer Pritha Hariram Cawrse
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance and TreasuryMr. Ahmed As-ad66032EXTRES MF/MINFIN@DHIVEHINET.NET.MVAmeenee Magu
Male'
Republic of the Maldives
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2003
Fact Finding 18 Apr 2004 to 30 Apr 2004
MRM 06 Aug 2004
Approval 28 Apr 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 06 Feb 2007
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2012

Loan 2170-MLD

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Apr 2005 20 Sep 2005 20 Apr 2006 31 Mar 2011 31 Dec 2012 09 Sep 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 7.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 6.00 28 Apr 2005 5.37 0.00 100%
Counterpart 1.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Apr 2005 5.37 0.00 100%
Title Document Type Document Date
Regional Development Project, Phase II - Environmental Infrastructure and Management Project/Program Completion Reports Aug 2014
Regional Development Project, Phase II Reports and Recommendations of the President Apr 2005

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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