Final commission of the sewerage treatment plants (STPs) will be completed by December 2012 upon minimum house connection achieved. The construction completion certificates, except for minor items and final commissioning, were issued in January 2012 and February 2012 respectively. STPs will be commissioned by 31 December 2012 and an analysis of use and O&M will be undertaken in 2013.
The Geo Hydrology Report of 2007 shows that Fonadhoo and Mahibadhoo has total coliform exceeding 100/100ml and faecal coliform averages 10/100ml with some samples exceeding 100/100ml. The Report also shows high levels of ammonia and nitrite. An analysis of groundwater will be repeated in 2013 after the commissioning of the STPs.
Health center visits for diarrhea for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru are being collected from the Centre for Disease Control.
Environmental awareness and community capacity building has been undertaken through the Project. The 2009 Socio-economic Survey shows 51%, 32%, and 99% of population in Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru, respectively in terms of bringing SW to the dumpsites. An analysis of SWM participation will be undertaken in 2013 after the provision of SWM equipment in the three focus islands.
Most of the SWM equipment, except for reusable bags, has been provided and the use of SWM and O&M will be monitored in 2013.
Environmental awareness and community capacity building have been undertaken specifically on water catchment management. Rain water tank maintenance training will be included in community training and will be completed by 2012. Water consumption in 2009 was recorded at 120 liters per person per day (Design Criteria Report). A comparative analysis will be undertaken in 2013. Different levels of groundwater chloride (around 250) were observed for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru according to the EIAs (2009). A comparative analysis will be undertaken in 2013 pending available funding.
Other than the assigned dumping sites, dumping is observed in Fonadhoo specifically beach areas and undeveloped bush areas (Solid Waste Training Report of 2009 documented by consultants). After the provision of equipment to operationalize SWM centers, an analysis of the state of dumping solid wastes will be undertaken.
Groundwater analysis has been undertaken and a program for groundwater quality testing as an early warning mechanism will be developed, awaiting water quality monitoring equipment.
Community mobilization and participation in land management was undertaken through the land use planning department.
A Cooperatives Act has been submitted in 2005.
Community support is estimated at 50%, 78% and 75% for tariff payment at the lowest range for Mahibadhoo, Fonadhoo, and Naifaru based on Socio-economic Survey of 2009.
Communities were consulted and feedback was incorporated in location and design of infrastructure. Any local construction employment is being documented.
Long-term training has been undertaken for the Ministry of Atolls, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Ministry of Housing and Environment. On-the-job training through consultants has also been provided on financial management, water quality survey, socio-economic data gathering, use of total station survey equipment, tools for climate change and practical surveying. Further trainings are ongoing.