China, People's Republic of: Ningxia Roads Development

Sovereign Project | 33469-013 Status: Closed

Latest Project Documents

Project Results



kilometers of roads built or upgraded



average daily vehicle-kilometers using roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

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Project Name Ningxia Roads Development
Project Number 33469-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2004-PRC: Ningxia Roads Development
Ordinary capital resources US$ 250.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The main objective is to spur economic growth and reduce poverty in the southern part of Ningxia. The project will (i) improve economic efficiency, foster trade, and facilitate interregional integration; (ii) supply the missing link to the prioritized Yinchuan-Wuhan western corridor; (iii) spread economic and social benefits poor rural population; and (iv) catalyze economic growth in Ningxia which will, in turn, improve poor people's incomes and eventual well-being. The project comprises (i) constructing a 182-km, four-lane access-controlled toll expressway from Tongxin to Yanchuanzi, including access roads, interchanges with toll stations, tunnels, bridges, administrative stations, and service areas; (ii) the upgrading of 404 km of local roads to improve access to poor, minority areas; (iii) the procurement of equipment for road maintenance, toll collection, surveillance and communications, vehicle weigh stations, road safety, and office administration; (iv) land acquisition and resettlement; and (v) consulting services for construction supervision, safety audits, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity building.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The Government adopted the Western Region Development Strategy, a key theme of the 10th Five-Year Plan (FYP), aiming to reduce disparities between the western and coastal regions. The road sector is given the highest priority as an effective means to promote economic growth and poverty reduction. The project will support the Strategy by supplying the missing link in the vital Yinchuan-Wuhan corridor - one of the eight prioritized western corridors included in 10FYP. The expressway will connect Yinchuan directly with Xi'an and Wuhan and provide a north-south connection between other routies in the national trunk highway system. To this extent, the project is expected to boost economic growth in Ningxia, spur interregional trade and cultural exchange, and reduce poverty in the project area. Consistent with ADB's country operational strategy, the project's approach integrates the construction of the expressway and improvement of the local roads so that the benefits of the expressway are spread over a wider cross-section of local poor communities.Ningxia is one of the least developed inland areas. In 2001, its per capita gross domestic product was about two thirds that of the national average. The region's specialty products, such as potato and mutton, need to be transported to the market promptly to fetch good prices. The total volume of goods traded in Ningxia in the last few years posted double-digit growth rates. Meanwhile, demand from other regions has increased substantially. However, road infrastructure lags too far behind to support Ningxia's economic growth, and in the south of Ningxia there is not a single expressway or class I road. The expansion of economic activities is hampered by poor transport conditions. The development of a road network, particularly in southern Ningxia, is urgently needed to facilitate economic growth, as well as to integrate poor, isolated regions.
Impact Improved transportation linkages and people's living standards in the project area
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome A more effective transport system with increased transport capacity and improved access to poor counties in the project area
Progress Toward Outcome The project were well implemented with an overall 100% physical completion. Although the project implementation had been delayed for about three years due to realignment of phase III, The entire project expressway were opened to public traffic at the end of 2011 and the project outcome are generally achieved.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. Constructed 182km, four-lane access-controlled, toll expressway from Tongxin to Yanchuanzi, including tunnels and bridges, interchanges and tool stations, and service areas.

2. Upgraded or improved 404 km of local roads serving poor countries and minority areas in Ningxia;

3. Procured equipment for road maintenance and safety, toll collection, surveillance and communication, tunnel ventilation and lighting, vehicle axle road testing, and environmental protection;

4. Provided adequate compensation for the 1,040 hectares of land, trees, and crops that will be acquired for the project, and the relocation of 450 households.

5. Provided consulting services for construction supervision, safety audits, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity building.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Complementary investment from NCD, Ningxia provincial, and local government agencies are sufficient.

Maintenance equipment and facilities for the completed sections of the expressway are operational. Incident response plans to the completed sections are implemented.

156 km expressway (phase I and II) was opened to public by 2007 and phase III was opened to public traffic on 28 November 2011.

18 local roads with a total length of 505 km were completed by 2009.





Total 16,006 mu land were acquired.

Total 659 households were affected by house demolition.

About 36 person-months of consulting services have provided by international consultants to the project.

A total of 10,500 person-months domestic consultants services have been provided to the project.

61 person-months international training have been conducted for staff of the IA and NCD.

Geographical Location Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Ningxia)
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The Environmental Management Action Plan (EMAP) has been implemented in a satisfactory manner. Proposed mitigation measures have been undertaken and no significant environmental damages have occurred during construction. The monitoring of environment impact has been conducted regularly. According to the monitoring results, the environmental impact due to implementation of the project was in an acceptable range. Measures taken to mitigate environment impact and to protect environment were effective.
Involuntary Resettlement The project expressway will affect 18 townships, 72 administrative villages, and 240 village groups in the project area. The local roads component will carry no significant resettlement impact since the upgrading of roads will be done within the existing right-of-way. The expressway will acquire about 1,040 ha of land and around 15,500 people will lose a portion of their land. So far, the total land acquisition for the project was 16,223 mu, 9.76% more than 14,781 mu in the RP. The main reason for this increase was that RP estimates were based on the preliminary design whereas the actual land acquisition followed the detailed design. The households and persons affected by land acquisition increased largely from original estimation of 2,600 households and 12,567 persons into actual 9,480 households and 52,632 persons. This was because those figures in the RP were estimated based on the assumption that on average each affected household would lose one third of their farmland holding.The actual compensation rates for irrigated land and dry land are the same as those in the RP. The actual compensation rates for non-cultivated land were referred to the neighboring cultivated land, i.e. if the land closed to irrigated land, it was paid at the rate for irrigated land, and if closing to dry land, rate for dry land was applied. The actual compensation rates for brick concrete and brick timber houses were the same as those in the RP. And the actual compensation rates for brick-tile-wood and timber tile houses were broken down to reflect real situation of the local areas. In general, there is no difference between the actual compensation and the planned ones for land and houses.
Indigenous Peoples No issue.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Ningxia Communications Department (NCD) undertook socioeconomic surveys and public meetings, which raised the level of awareness, gained local support, and enabled stakeholders to voice opinions and suggestions for project design and implementation. The participatory approach was initiated during project design. The poor and women were carefully considered in the conduct of participatory activities.
During Project Implementation Information about the resettlement program has been disseminated through public media such as newspapers, radio, public notices, and meetings at township and village levels. The resettlement information booklet was distributed to people in all affected villages. The booklet contains sections on resettlement impact, policy, compensation rates, and gievance procedures. During loan review mission every year, the mission had consultation meetings with key stakeholders and selected persons affected by resettlement to ensure key stakeholders better understand the objectives of the project and to take sufficient measures to mitigate negative impacts. The resettlement activities and income restoration of affected persons have been regularlly monitored by external monitoring angency.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The project will provide about 55 person-months of international services under the Loan with expertise in project management, pavement design, tunnel construction, road safety, resettlement and socioeconomic and poverty impact monitoring and evaluation, project performance management system, human resource development, and environmental monitoring. The international consultants will be financed by ADB loan and be recruited based on the quality- and cost- based selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Procurement All ADB-financed procurement will follow ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. The civil works for the expressway will be divided into 18 packages to be procured under international competitive bidding procedures (ICB). Equipment will be divided into 11 packages and procured under ICB and international shopping procedures. Ancillary facilities including administration building and service areas under domestic financing will be procured using local competitive bidding. Advance action for procurement of civil works was approved during the MRM on 13 March 2003.
Responsible ADB Officer Chenglong Chu
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ningxia Communications Department
Concept Clearance 19 Jun 2001
Fact Finding 16 Oct 2002 to 29 Oct 2002
MRM 13 Mar 2003
Approval 11 Sep 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 30 Nov 2006
Last PDS Update 22 Mar 2013

Loan 2004-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Sep 2003 29 Mar 2004 12 May 2004 30 Jun 2009 30 Jun 2012 27 Jul 2012
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 498.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 250.00 11 Sep 2003 233.75 0.00 94%
Counterpart 248.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 11 Sep 2003 250.00 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Ningxia Roads Development Project Project/Program Completion Reports Jun 2013
Ningxia Roads Development: Summary of Social and Poverty Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Aug 2004

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Final Report on Environmental Monitoring (2005-2011) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2012
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report 2011 Environmental Monitoring Reports Apr 2012
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report 2010 Environmental Monitoring Reports Mar 2011
Ningxia Roads Development Project Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2010
Ningxia Roads Development Project Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2009
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2009) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2009
Ningxia Road Development Project: Supplementary Resettlement Plan of Ningxia Expressway Resettlement Plans Feb 2009
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Analysis Realignment (Revised EIA) Environmental Impact Assessments Feb 2009
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report 2008 Environmental Monitoring Reports Nov 2008
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report 2007 Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2007
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report 2006 Environmental Monitoring Reports Nov 2006
Ningxia Roads Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report 2005 Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2005
Ningxia Roads Development Project Summary Environmental Impact Assessments Apr 2003
Ningxia Road Development Project: Summary Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2003
Ningxia Road Development Project: Tongyan (Tongxin-to-Yanchuanzi) Expressway Resettlement Plans Nov 2002

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
People’s Republic of China: Ningxia Roads Development Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2014

Related Publications

None currently available.

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