Cambodia: Northwest Irrigation Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 34379-013

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Project Name Northwest Irrigation Sector Project
Project Number 34379-013
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2035-CAM: Northwest Irrigation Sector
Asian Development Fund US$ 18.00 million
Loan: Northwest Irrigation Sector
Agence Francaise de Developpement US$ 3.74 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Irrigation
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The overall objective of the Project is to support government effort to reduce poverty in rural areas of northwest Cambodia through increased agricultural production, thereby reducing food insecurity and improving farming household incomes. The immediate objective is better use of water resources and promotion of irrigated agriculture through: (i) a comprehensive policy and strategic framework to be applied in developing water resources; (ii) a better understanding, knowledge and application of the integrated water resource management approach in a river basin context; (iii) improved water resource management through rehabilitated/upgraded small to medium-scale irrigation schemes and other water control infrastructure; (iv) a strengthened capacity of communities and institutions to plan, implement, manage, and maintain such infrastructure; and (v) improved agricultural support services to the beneficiary water users.

The Project will have three components: (i) Institutioinal strengthening, (ii) Irrigation infrastructure development and management, and (iii) Support to agrirrigated agriculture development.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The northwest region is one of the poorest and most isolated areas in Cambodia. Due to war and civil strife it has been left out of many development efforts during the past decades. Consequently, it suffers from inadequate investments in infrastructure, services, and institutional capacity building. Agriculture is the predominant economic activity and the major crop grown is rice , the staple food. Agricultural productivity is low and most rural areas in the northwest are exposed to food deficit (in some areas up to 6 months a year) even though Cambodia is, in average to good years, considered self-sufficient in rice. Lack of water control and management and low levels of agriculture technology constrain yields. Overall availability of water in northwest Cambodia is limited and resources need to be managed prudently. There is, however, a significant potential to raise agricultural production and rural incomes, and consequently reduce poverty in areas, where an enhanced supply of water is managed properly and where irrigated agriculture is protected from flooding. Scope exists in the project provinces to provide enhanced small to medium-scale irrigation schemes and other water control infrastructure, thus reducing risks of crop failure, and to encourage farmers to invest in higher levels of technology and adopt improved irrigated agriculture. Improved irrigation schemes will (i) reduce farmers' exposure to variability in crop yields and therefore to food insecurity, especially in the more remote, disadvantaged, and poorer areas; and (ii) raise agricultural production and rural incomes in more advantaged areas where food shortage is less of a problem and where crop diversification and commercially oriented agriculture can be promoted.

The project is linked to the Rectangular Strategy of the Government of Cambodia.

Impact To support Government's effort to reduce poverty in selected northwest rural areas through enhanced agricultural production thereby alleviating food insecurity and improving farming household incomes.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome To establish rehabilitated and sustainably operational small to medium scale irrigation schemes and other water control infrastructure within studied priority river basins.
Progress Toward Outcome

Twelve FWUCs were established and operational by project completion, and MOWRAM capacity to adopt IWRM was mainly delivered through Apex water committees. For the developing and managing irrigation infrastructure component, all planned river basin studies were completed, and 12 subprojects were rehabilitated by project completion although the gross command area of these was only 10,761 ha, compared to the original target of 16,000ha (plus recession areas of 19,000 ha). IMT agreements between the FWUCs and MOWRAM were in place by completion, and the FWUCs had prepared operational plans and budgets, although only one of them had successfully applied for the O&M subsidy from MOWRAM. Regarding the development of irrigated agriculture, provincial and district staff members had been trained in improved rice and livestock activities and over 10,000 farmers training days had been delivered. While there was evidence of significantly improved rice yields from the demonstration plots at completion, the FWUCs themselves were not institutionally established as vehicles for farmer lead extension by 2012, and the extent of diversification and intensified agricultural activities on farmers plots was uncertain (and likely modest).

Draft PCR has been sent for the EA's review and comments.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Component 1: Water Sector Institutional Strengthening

Component 2: Irrigation Infrastructure Development and Management

Component 3: Support to Irrigated Agricultural Development

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Most of these outputs were transferred to TWGAW and incorporated in Strategy for Agriculture and Water

Annual workplan has been developed.

FWUC subdecree has been awaiting the COM's adoption, 5 Apex committees formed, 12 FWUC formed and registered.

12 FWUC have been formed and trained

Distributed

Completed

Conducted

Completed

Completed

Completed.

Completed

Completed

Completed

Completed

About 68% of the planned irrigation areas have been achieved by the end of the project partly due to the sharp increase in cost of construction material and labour in 2008 and also to availability of suitable areas for development.

Completed

Completed

Completed

Completed

Completed

Completed

Completed

12 agreements have been signed.

Completed

Completed

Completed

Completed

Not yet allocated

Completed

Completed

Completed

Farmers living in the areas of two sub-projects have doubled their croppings.

About 16,881 ha.

Trainings to farmers including field demonstration have been completed.

Trainings to farmers including field demonstration have been completed.

Trainings to farmers including field demonstration have been completed.

Not done

No laboratories were established

Completed

Twelves FWUCs have been established and functioning, however, they need further help.

Completed

Completed

Completed

Completed

Twelve FWUCs need further training on credit intermediaries.

Twelve FWUCs have been established and started to function. FWUCs acting as marketing agents or input suppliers need further training.

Geographical Location Northwest of Cambodia (provinces of Pursat, Battambang, Bantey Meanchey and Siem Reap).
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The AFD grant will finance approximately 366 person-months of consulting services (133 international and 233 domestic), in the fields of project management, institutional and water policy development, legal aspects, regulation on irrigation management transfer, resettlement and land management, hydrology and river basin development, water resources management, irrigation design engineering and construction supervision, environmental management, project performance monitoring and evaluation, agriculture extension, training, community development and water user formation, and rural credit. Consultants to be financed by the AFD grant will be engaged in accordance with AFD's procedures, with ADB's endorsement of their competence and experience. ADB will finance consulting services to carry out specific activities related to surveys and studies, preparation of detailed designs, and supervision of construction works. The Project will also contract the services of local institutions and local or international nongovernment organizations for community development, specialized training, and external monitoring of the resettlement activities. All ADB-financed consultants will be selected and engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engaging domestic consultants.
Procurement Procurement under the Project will be in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Civil works contracts will be procured through international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures for contracts estimated to cost more than $1,000,000 equivalent, and through local competitive bidding (LCB) procedures for contracts estimated to cost $1,000,000 or less. Vehicles, equipment, and materials will be procured by ICB where the cost is more than $500,000 equivalent, or by international shopping (IS) where the cost is $100,000-$500,000. Small or off-the-shelf goods and materials valued at less than $100,000 may be procured using direct purchase arrangements.
Responsible ADB Officer Piseth Long
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources and MeteorologyVeng Sakhonsakhonv@online.com.kh#47, Norodom Blvd. Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 05 Dec 2002
Fact Finding 09 Mar 2003 to 28 Mar 2003
MRM 30 Jul 2003
Approval 09 Dec 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 21 Mar 2007
Last PDS Update 23 Jul 2014

Loan

Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.87 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 9.13 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.74 - 0.00 0.00 %

Loan 2035-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
09 Dec 2003 10 Nov 2004 02 Feb 2005 31 Dec 2010 30 Sep 2012 13 Feb 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 30.87 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 18.00 09 Dec 2003 19.14 0.00 100%
Counterpart 9.13 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.74 09 Dec 2003 19.14 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - Satisfactory - - -
Title Document Type Document Date
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project Project/Program Completion Reports Jun 2014
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project Procurement Plans Mar 2010
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2003

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (4th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (4th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (3rd Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (Inception Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (Inception Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (5th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (5th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (4th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (1st Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (1st Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (Inception Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (6th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (2nd Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (2nd Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (1st Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (7th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (3rd Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (3rd Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (2nd Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: External Monitoring and Post-Evaluation (8th Quarterly Report) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2011
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Resettlement Plan 3 for Ta Saom, Kork Thnong, Don Aov, Canal No. 1 and Chork Reservoir Subprojects Resettlement Plans Jan 2010
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Resettlement Plan 2 for Po Pi Deum, Anlong Svay, Krouch Saeuch, Tram Mneash and Kouch Noup Subprojects Resettlement Plans Jan 2010
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Resettlement Plan 3 for Ta Saom, Kork Thnong, Don Aov, Canal No. 1 and Chork Reservoir Subprojects Resettlement Plans Jan 2010
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Resettlement Plan 2 for Po Pi Deum, Anlong Svay, Krouch Saeuch, Tram Mneash and Kouch Noup Subprojects Resettlement Plans Jan 2010
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Resettlement Plan for Punley Subproject Resettlement Plans Feb 2009
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Apr 2004
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Mongkol Borey- Kamping Pouy Link Canal Subproject: Resettlement Plan (Draft) Resettlement Plans Apr 2004
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Ponley Reservoir Subproject: Resettlement Plan (Draft) Resettlement Plans Apr 2004
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Po Pi Deum Subproject: Resettlement Plan (Draft) Resettlement Plans Apr 2004
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project Environmental Assessment and Measures Dec 2003
Northwest Irrigation Sector Project: Summary Intial Environmental Examination Report Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2003

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
Cambodia: Northwest Irrigation Sector Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Aug 2015

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