Cambodia: Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

Sovereign Project | 34382-022 Status: Closed


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Project Name Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project
Project Number 34382-022
Country Cambodia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0018-CAM: Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector
Asian Development Fund US$ 18.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural sanitation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Rural water supply services

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome

The Project has ended, with satisfactory results.

The outcomes have been largely achieved as 0.58 million people have access to safe water, and 0.23 million people have access to sanitation. More than 4,700 water points and 45,000 household latrines are operational.

The project had a gender action plan and the key indicators for gender mainstreaming in WSS programs were integrated in the M&E system. Guidelines on mainstreaming gender in RWSSH projects were drafted for MRD's consideration in 2009.

The joint development partner/government Technical Working Group for Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (TWG-RWSSH) was established in November 2007. In 2008 TWG-RWSSH initiated the development of National RWSSH Strategy through the development of joint TORs and the recruitment of a consultant team. After a long period of consultation and participatory drafting and re-drafting, the Minister, MRD, signed the final national RWSSH strategy in January 2011.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Component 1:

The project delivered water and/or sanitation facilities in 859 villages (revised target) as end of April 2010. Project information dissemination meetings were organized in every project village with total participants at nearly 920,000 of which half were women. 4,477 hand pumps were installed, with 5,685 O&M management training sessions conducted. 12,273 women Water and Sanitaiton User Group board members participated (43.21% of the 28,402 total trained caretakers). All 5,685 Water and Sanitation User Group (WSUG) boards were trained on their roles and responsibilities and the water supply construction checklist (100% of established WSUGs). The project promoted five main messages: use safe water, stopp open defecation, construct and use improved latrines for a clean environment, wash hands, and care for and maintain the water points.

Component 2:

The 4,450 new water points, 257 rehabilitated wells, 27 community ponds, 5 piped-water supply systems, 1,164 rainwater collection tanks (community procurement), 982 household biosand filters, and 214 iron reduction plants were completed; through these about 580,000 people have access to safe water supply. As a direct result of this community planning process, the participants prioritized new water supply construction and sanitation improvements. It was originally assumed that all existing hand pump wells in target provinces (about 6,200) would be renovated. However, in practice this is complicated and overlaps with other donor agencies' work. Wells are also dispersed over the 5 provinces. Project implementation has thus emphasized critical coverage of water supply in selected villages to achieve better impacts. Rainwater collection tanks and Bio-Sand Filters will be used for household water security. Village selection was completed and District Officers were trained on construction. Initial water testing for all successful wells was carried out through field test kits and laboratory analysis at the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy.

Component 3:

The Project promoted sanitation and hygiene in the project areas. There were five mass campaigns and 5 Provincial Sanitation Forums. There were 1,583 sanitation and hygiene promotion sessions in 859 villages with more than 230,000 participants. The first round of WSUG Handbook introduction courses was conducted for WSUGs in 109 villages, in which the sanitation and hygiene promotion practices were introduced (as per the modified version of PHAST training guidelines of MRD). The public latrines component was cancelled and has been taken up under the Second Rural water Supply & Sanitation Project.

Component 4:

By the end of April 2010, 25 technical trainings were delivered to MRD and PDRD staff.

Geographical Location Provinces of Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Pursat, and Siem Reap.

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During project design, community meetings were held with potential beneficiaries to discuss water supply and sanitation issues, poverty levels, beneficiary contribution and affordability issues, land acquisition and environmental concerns, hygiene practices, and operation and maintenance challenges.
During Project Implementation To ensure ownership and sustainability, communities will be required contribution, where the poorest 20% of households will be exempted from making cash contributions. Contributions from households for the operation and maintenance of water supply systems, and household and public latrines will be required.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services An international firm will be engaged by PMU to support project management and implementation. A total of 548 person-months of consulting services (98 international and 450 domestic) will be required with expertise in project management, rural water supply and sanitation design and construction, resettlement, gender, social and community development, environment management, management of community water supply systems, training and capacity building, and monitoring and evaluation. In addition, about 1,440 person-months of services will be required for carrying out the community mobilization and skills development component which will be procured from qualified NGOs, one for each province.

Equipment and material packages valued at $100,000 equivalent or more may be procured under international shopping or government procedures acceptable to ADB. Civil works estimated to cost $50,000 equivalent or more may be awarded under local competitive bidding. All civil works contracts with total value of $50,000 equivalent or more will require the presence of a project management unit member in the procurement committee for ADB approval.

Civil works contracts estimated to cost $50,000 equivalent or less may be awarded on the basis of local competitive bidding. Civil works contracts for household sanitation estimated at $50,000 equivalent or less can be procured following ADB's Guide on Community Participation in Procurement. First 2 civil works contracts in each province will be subject to ADB approval.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Karin Schelzig
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Development
Dr. Mao Saray
Prey Sala Village, Sangkat Kakab, Khan Dongkor, Phnom Penh


Concept Clearance 15 Mar 2005
Fact Finding 09 May 2005 to 20 May 2005
MRM 22 Jun 2005
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 10 Mar 2006
Last PDS Update 22 Mar 2011

Grant 0018-CAM

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Oct 2005 27 Dec 2005 02 Feb 2006 30 Jun 2012 31 Jul 2010 23 Feb 2011
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 18.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 18.00 20 Oct 2005 17.93 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Oct 2005 17.93 0.00 100%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

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