In the absence of a national policy on resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R) of persons displaced by development projects, the project policy is to compensate and help affected people, commensurate with ADB's Policy on Involuntary Resettlement (1995). The policy includes enabling AP to at least regain their pre-acquisition standard of living and preferably to improve upon it. The policy is based on the principle that all people who sacrifice some or all of their property and standard of living for the Government's development initiatives should also benefit from government interventions.
The project compensation policy and entitlement matrix were designed to cover compensation for lost assets and restore or enhance the livelihoods of all categories (direct, indirect, title holders, and non-title holders) of affected people. They are titled to (i) compensation for loss of land, trees, fishes, or crops; (ii) compensation for loss of structures (titled and formal) and other immovable properties; (iii) assistance for loss of income/wages and business; and (iv) restoration of ncome. Titled owners will be paid for lost land at market rates. Sharecroppers/tenants are also eligible for compensation for loss of access and/or crops. Compensation for loss of structures (by type) will be paid at current construction/replacement costs. Affected people will be allowed to take salvageable materials at no cost. Income losses will be compensated, including dditional assistance to vulnerable groups. For non-titled persons (i.e., informal settlers/SBEs), the cut-off date for eligibility is the date of the census in the specific road section. Compensation will be paid at least 3 months before construction starts.
Affected peolple will not only receive replacement cash for land and other assets at market prices, but also shifting or moving allowance, house reconstruction grant, income restoration allowance, and assistance to female-headed households. In sum, the land acquisition and compensation policy is meant to ensure that affected people are not disadvantaged and can soon regain their lost income and livelihood. Table A16.3 lists all categories of entitlements and summarizes compensation and entitlement policies applicable under the Project.
|During Project Design
||At various stages of project planning, affected people have been informed and consulted about likely project impacts. During the social assessment, the consultant's team conducted several consultative meetings and focus group discussions along the alignments. Affected people and other stakeholders such as local government staff, head of village councils, village council members, local voluntary organizations, and women's groups attended the meeting.