Bangladesh: Road Network Improvement and Maintenance II

Sovereign Project | 34415-013 Status: Closed

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Project Name Road Network Improvement and Maintenance II
Project Number 34415-013
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2021-BAN: Road Network Improvement and Maintenance II
Asian Development Fund US$ 60.17 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The Project will help the Government achieve poverty reduction through economic growth by improving transport efficiency and strengthening integrated road networks. The Project will (i) facilitate the Government to implement the sector and institutional reform measures envisaged in the National Land Transport Policy (NLTP); (ii) improve national, regional, and Type A feeder roads to provide rural farmers with better access to markets, social services and employment opportunities, to provide better access to the border point in Banglabandh, and to complete some missing links in the main road network; (iii) secure Government resources for periodic road maintenance; (iv) promote private sector participation in road maintenance; (v) improve road safety; (vi) privatize the operation of 5 vehicle inspection centers; and (vii) improve public awareness for HIV/AIDS and women trafficking.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Bottlenecks of transport and communications has become more urgent in the post-Multi-Fiber Arrangement era of global trade, to reduce the cost of doing businessand improve the overall investment climate. ADB's public sector operations will build on several decades of progress by ecouraging the progressive adoptation of policy and institutional reformsin the transport sector, and complement the assistance of other Development Partners (DP) by (i) adopting a holistic view and network approach to the transport sector, with a focus on its sustainability and the efforts of development on the transport reforms to improve safety, efficiency, and quality of service; (iii) supporting private sector participation and partnership in infrastructure operation and management; (iv) improving sector governance, including that of the Chittagong Port Authority, Roads and Highways Department (RHD), and Bangladesh Railway (BR); and (v) promoting subregional coooperation by developing strategic transport links and cross-border arrangements. ADB will assist the Government to reform the external trade regime, to participate actively in subregional cooperation initiatives by providing regional TA and knowledge products aimed at building the capacity to respond to cross-border challenges (e.g., trafficking and disaster management), and by establishing an integrated subregional transport and energy network to enhance Bangladesh's position as a transport and transhipment hub.
Impact Economic development and poverty reduction through improved transport efficiency.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

1. Provide rural farmers with better access to markets and promote cross-border traffic through Banglabandh

2. Secure government resources for road maintenance and promote pricvate sector participation in road maintenance

3. Enhance road safety

Progress Toward Outcome Loan account will be closed on 31st January 2013. Disbursement is still under process and to be completed by 31 January 2013.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Road Improvement and Reconstruction

Improvement of missing links

Periodic Road Maintenance (PRMC)

Routine Road Maintenance (RRMC) (Performance Based Contracts)

Road Safety

Privatization of Vehicles Inspective Centers (Provision of Assistance to BRTA)

Improvement of Public Awareness for HIV/AIDS and Women Trafficking

Road Master Plan

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Overall implementation progress is 95% with elapse 100% time period.

Road Improvement and Reconstruction (RIC) contracts have been completed with 90% achievement with deletion of the road section, Domar -Nilphamari road (22 km) ,Bhaluka-Gafforgaon (18km) and Fulbari-Madhyapara ( 5 km) for long delayed land acquisition and resettlement.

PRMC and RRMC Contracts are successfully completed with 100% achievement.

Road safety component was completed with 100% achievment.

As recruitment of the international consultants for privatization process of VICs is unlikely to be completed by loan closing date of 30 June 2012, BRTA will expedite the process of privatization of VICs using government's own resources.

Improvement of Public Awarness for HIV/AIDS and Women Trafficking component is also completed with 100% acheivement.

MoC approved the Road Master Plan on 2 June 2009.

Geographical Location Northern districts of Panchagarh; Nilphamari; Dinajpur; Kishoreganj; Tangail; and Chiggagong.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement

In the absence of a national policy on resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R) of persons displaced by development projects, the project policy is to compensate and help affected people, commensurate with ADB s Policy on Involuntary Resettlement (1995). The policy includes enabling AP to at least regain their pre-acquisition standard of living and preferably to improve upon it. The policy is based on the principle that all people who sacrifice some or all of their property and standard of living for the Government s development initiatives should also benefit from government interventions.

The project compensation policy and entitlement matrix were designed to cover compensation for lost assets and restore or enhance the livelihoods of all categories (direct, indirect, title holders, and non-title holders) of affected people. They are titled to (i) compensation for loss of land, trees, fishes, or crops; (ii) compensation for loss of structures (titled and formal) and other immovable properties; (iii) assistance for loss of income/wages and business; and (iv) restoration of ncome. Titled owners will be paid for lost land at market rates. Sharecroppers/tenants are also eligible for compensation for loss of access and/or crops. Compensation for loss of structures (by type) will be paid at current construction/replacement costs. Affected people will be allowed to take salvageable materials at no cost. Income losses will be compensated, including dditional assistance to vulnerable groups. For non-titled persons (i.e., informal settlers/SBEs), the cut-off date for eligibility is the date of the census in the specific road section. Compensation will be paid at least 3 months before construction starts.

Affected peolple will not only receive replacement cash for land and other assets at market prices, but also shifting or moving allowance, house reconstruction grant, income restoration allowance, and assistance to female-headed households. In sum, the land acquisition and compensation policy is meant to ensure that affected people are not disadvantaged and can soon regain their lost income and livelihood. Table A16.3 lists all categories of entitlements and summarizes compensation and entitlement policies applicable under the Project.

Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design At various stages of project planning, affected people have been informed and consulted about likely project impacts. During the social assessment, the consultant's team conducted several consultative meetings and focus group discussions along the alignments. Affected people and other stakeholders such as local government staff, head of village councils, village council members, local voluntary organizations, and women's groups attended the meeting.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Consulting services have been required for supervising civil works for the road improvement and the periodic road maintenance components. An international consulting firm has undertaken supervision in association with domestic consultants. In addition to contract supervision, the consultants (i) has undertaken program design and implementation supervision for performance-based road maintenace; and (ii) conducted road safety audit for selected roads, develop a black spot improvement plan. The consultant is also responsible for ensuring community participation, identifying community needs, and monitoring gender and child labor issues. About 225 person-months of international and 990 person-months of domestic consulting services will be required.

Consulting services are including (i) preparing a detailed design for the proposed Road Sector Development Project in 2006 (about 20 person-months international and 140 domestic); (ii) developing a licensing regime for vehicle inspection centers together with licensing framework, and developing bidding framework including bidding documents, preparing regulatory framework for the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority, and supervising the process of privatization (about 12 person-months international and 8 person-months domestic); and (iii) preparing the road master plan (about 34 person-months international and 50 person-months domestic).

The consultants have been selected and appointed by the quality-and-cost-based selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engaging domestic consultants.

Procurement Civil works for the road improvement component was followed through international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures among prequalified bidders in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Civil works for the periodic road maintenance component were packaged in contracts with an stimated value of $1.0 million-$2.0 million, and procured in accordance with local competitive bidding (LCB) procedures acceptable to ADB. For these contracts a separate prequalification exercise was not necessary. Instead, bidders were required to submit the information pertaining to their qualification together with their bids following single- stage, two-envelope bidding procedures. Civil works for the periodic maintenance packages with an estimated value of more than $2.0 million was procured following ICB procedures in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Civil works for the routine road maintenance with performance-based contract were procured in accordance with LCB procedures acceptable to ADB, and its program design and implementation plan was developed by consultants. For improvement of black spots on existing roads and improvement of equipment and machinery nstalled in 5 vehicle inspection centers, local contractors were selected in accordance with LCB procedures acceptable to ADB.
Responsible ADB Officer Mohammad Nazrul Islam
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Women and Children Affairs
Mr. Md. Abdul Jalil Mian
Ministry of Women & Children Affairs, Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Road Transport Authority
Mr. Syed Iftekhar Hossain
Alen Bari, Old Airport Road, Tejgaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Roads and Highways Department
Mr. Aminur Rahman Lasker
Sarak Bhaban, Ramna, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2003
Fact Finding 09 Mar 2003 to 22 Mar 2003
MRM 19 Aug 2003
Approval 20 Nov 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 03 Feb 2007
Last PDS Update 23 Jan 2013

Loan 2021-BAN

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Nov 2003 25 Jun 2004 23 Nov 2004 30 Dec 2008 30 Jun 2012 30 Jan 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 121.27 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 60.17 20 Nov 2003 70.39 0.00 98%
Counterpart 61.10 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Nov 2003 71.69 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Road Network Improvement and Maintenance Project II Project/Program Completion Reports Jul 2014
Road Network Improvement and Maintenance Project II Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2003

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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