China, People's Republic of: Wuhan Wastewater Management

Sovereign Project | 34472-013 Status: Closed

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Project Name Wuhan Wastewater Management
Project Number 34472-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 1996-PRC: Wuhan Wastewater Management
Ordinary capital resources US$ 83.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban sewerage

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description To achieve sustainable wastewater management and protection of water resources, the overall objective of the WWMP is to increase wastewater treatment capacity in Wuhan from the current 6% (19% after completion of an ongoing World Bank project) to approximately 45% of generated wastewater. Achievement of this objective will be key to achievement of the related objectives of the WWMP to (i) improve water quality of rivers and lakes in Wuhan; (ii) protect drinking water resources; (iii) strengthening the capacity and efficiency of the WMWC; (iv) improve health and living standards of residents in Wuhan; and (v) improve water quality in downstream reaches of the Changjiang. Specifically, the proposed WWMP includes construction of three wastewater treatment plants and associated collection systems as well as develop institutional and management capacity in the following areas: (i) project management, (ii) financial management, (iii) business planning, (iv) environmental monitoring, (v) water quality, (vi) operator training, and (vii) public awareness programs. The linkage between the goals, objectives, outputs, and inputs for the project are given in the Project Framework.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Wuhan is a center of industry, transportation, and communications with a urban built-up area of 208 km 2 out of its total area of 8,467 km2, is strategically located about halfway along the several thousand km reach of the Changjiang (Yangtze River). The Chanjiang basin is the largest river basin in China and it receives the largest total wastewater volume of the seven major rivers. Though the river is often seen as having a high assimilative capacity the cumulative effect of the innumerable point and non-point discharges is deteriorating water quality. Effects of the cumulative pollution are felt throughout downstream reaches and the East China Sea. The growing pollution belt along the river's banks in and near cities is evidence of localized near-shore pollution. Water quality in the Wuhan section of the Changjiang has significantly decreased over the last 15 years. In the middle 1980s, water quality exceeded its designated standard. Since 2000, water quality has not attained the standard throughout the dry season and 67% of the river is below the standard through out the year. In 2000, Wuhan's wastewater discharge totaled about 2.05 million m3/d with domestic sewerage and about one-fourth of that was industrial wastewater. The two existing wastewater treatment plants are only able to treat 6% of the wastewater generated. About 56% of the rivers and 89% of the lakes have been polluted by organic, nitrogen, and phosphorous wastes. The people living in Wuhan are adversely affected by the lack of adequate wastewater management and water resources protection through the effect of poor water quality on public health, the living environment, risks to drinking water supplies and negative influence on economic development.

The proposed wastewater collection and treatment systems are an integral part of Wuhan Urban Wastewater Management Master Plan. The systems together with the Project's capacity building activities for corporate governance, wastewater management, and environmental monitoring will contribute significantly to pollution control and environmental management in Wuhan and Changjiang basin. Beneficiaries will include residents of Wuhan and those living downstream.

Addressing environment problems is a key priority of the tenth and eleventh five year plans of the PRC Government. Wuhan is rich in water resources; however, rapid economic growth and resultant increased pollution have caused significant deterioration of water quality. National wastewater treatment guidelines require municipalities to achieve a 70% wastewater treatment ratio by 2010. The Project will help to achieve the target wastewater treatment ratio.

The Project is listed in ADB's Country Strategy and Program Update (2002-2004).

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Wuhan City, Hubei Province
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project Implementing Agency (PIA) will retain the services of competent and experienced design institutes to complete the preliminary and detailed designs and specifications. Provision has been made for 65 person-months of international and 130 person-months of domestic consulting to support the project management office and the PIA in project implementation and capacity building. The consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to the ADB on the engagement of domestic consultants.
Procurement ADB-financed goods and services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Major contracts for equipment will be undertaken through ADB's international competitive bidding procedures, and equipment packages valued under $500,000 will be procured following ADB's procedures for international shopping. Civil works estimated to cost below $5 million per package will be carried out under local competitive bidding procedures acceptable to ADB, and in accordance with PRC's Tendering and Bidding Law and procurement regulations.
Responsible ADB Officer Wang Jianguo
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Wuhan Urban Drainage Development Co. Ltd.
Wuhan Municipal Engineering Design
Institute, No. 40 Changqing Road,
Hankou, Wuhan, People's Rep of China
Concept Clearance 09 Mar 2001
Fact Finding 24 Mar 2002 to 04 Apr 2002
MRM 23 Jul 2002
Approval 25 Apr 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 28 Nov 2006
Last PDS Update 16 Dec 2010

Loan 1996-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Apr 2003 11 Dec 2003 30 Apr 2004 31 Dec 2008 31 Dec 2009 27 Sep 2010
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 177.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 83.00 25 Apr 2003 73.60 0.00 92%
Counterpart 94.90 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Apr 2003 80.42 0.00 100%
Title Document Type Document Date
Wuhan Wastewater Management Project/Program Completion Reports Dec 2011
Proposed Loan-Wuhan Wastewater Management Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Apr 2003

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Wuhan Wastewater Management: Summary Environmental Impact Assessment Summary Environmental Impact Assessments Jan 2006
Wuhan Wastewater Management Project Summary Environmental Impact Assessments Jul 2002
Wuhan Wastewater Management Project Resettlement Plans May 2002
Wuhan Wastewater Management Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans May 2002

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
People’s Republic of China: Wuhan Wastewater Management Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2013

Related Publications

No documents found.

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