Nepal: School Sector Program

Sovereign Project | 35174-082

Summary

The program is a follow-on to the ongoing Education Sector Program, subprogram III, which supports the Government of Nepal's 7-year (FY2010 FY2016) School Sector Reform Program (SSRP). The SSRP is supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other development partners using the sector-wide approach (SWAp). Building on the achievements of the Education for All Program (2004 2009), the SSRP aims to (i) expand access and equity, (ii) improve quality and relevance, and (iii) strengthen the institutional capacity of the entire school education system. The Education Sector Program, subprogram III supported the first 3 years of SSRP implementation, and this program will support it for the next 3 years (FY2012 FY2014). It will contribute to Nepal's long-term economic and social development through an equitable, efficient, and relevant education system.

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Procurement Documents

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Project Name School Sector Program
Project Number 35174-082
Country Nepal
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0272-NEP: School Sector Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 65.00 million
Grant: School Sector Program
Finland (w/ LoA) US$ 13.20 million
Education for All - Fast Track Initiative US$ 70.00 million
World Bank US$ 72.50 million
United Nations Children's Fund US$ 1.00 million
European Union US$ 47.90 million
ATF - Norway TA Grant US$ 22.40 million
Australian Grant US$ 15.60 million
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Denmark) US$ 17.90 million
TA 7935-NEP: Capacity Development for School Sector Program Implementation
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Grant 0289-NEP: School Sector Program
Australian Grant US$ 3.47 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Education - Education sector development - Non-formal education - Pre-primary and primary - Secondary - social protection initiatives
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The program is a follow-on to the ongoing Education Sector Program, subprogram III, which supports the Government of Nepal's 7-year (FY2010 FY2016) School Sector Reform Program (SSRP). The SSRP is supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other development partners using the sector-wide approach (SWAp). Building on the achievements of the Education for All Program (2004 2009), the SSRP aims to (i) expand access and equity, (ii) improve quality and relevance, and (iii) strengthen the institutional capacity of the entire school education system. The Education Sector Program, subprogram III supported the first 3 years of SSRP implementation, and this program will support it for the next 3 years (FY2012 FY2014). It will contribute to Nepal's long-term economic and social development through an equitable, efficient, and relevant education system.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Nepal is undergoing major change, mainly emanating from deep political changes over the past two decades. This, in turn, is significantly impacting social transformation the clearest manifestation of which is evident in the education sector, with rapid progress in participation and gender parity in school education. The sector may be characterized as having high demand, but investments have a long gestation period. The SSRP, and this program, must be viewed in this context. When the SSRP was designed (in the aftermath of the decade-long conflict), there was a high level of optimism. But the protracted peace and constitutional drafting process and frequent changes in government have made full implementation of the program challenging.

The lessons from the Education Sector Program, subprogram III and noted in 2009 ADB country assistance performance evaluation indicate that (i) difficult reforms are feasible even during a fragile political transition, through sustained support to the decentralized school system with school-level management capacity development; (ii) a mature SWAp demonstrates that sustained support to country systems enhances overall government, including stronger program leadership and ownership; (iii) to improve quality and efficiency in a rapidly expanding system requires improvements in M&E and data quality in order to produce the desired results; (iv) equitable improvements in student learning outcomes, particularly for disadvantaged children, require an integrated system-wide approach to GESI and investments in implementing priority MECs; and (v) the capacity of relevant central and local bodies must be enhanced to strengthen internal control mechanisms to improve transparency and mitigate fiduciary risks.

The program will build on these achievements and lessons by sharpening the focus on implementation of key policy reforms, including: (i) customized strategies for reaching out-of-school children; (ii) enhancing student learning through meeting the MECs and assessment reforms; (iii) improving the safety of school buildings; (iv) strengthening the teaching force through better management, qualification upgrading, and increasing representation of women and excluded social groups; and (v) strengthening institutional capacity for effective M&E, financial management, internal control and compliance, safeguards, and GESI implementation. The program will also make necessary adjustments, including: (i) re-costing and revising the SSRP financial plan for FY2012-FY2014, (ii) assessing the fiduciary risks and incorporating additional mitigating measures, (iii) updating the gender and vulnerable communities action plan (GVCAP) for coherent implementation throughout the entire system, and (iv) updating the environmental management framework.

Impact Enhanced education attainment and livelihood, particularly for girls and disadvantaged groups
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased access to and improved quality of school education, particularly basic education (grades 1 8), especially for girls and children from disadvantaged groups
Progress Toward Outcome

Government complied with the Third Tranche Release policy conditions; accordingly the Third Trance of US$20 million was released by ADB on 24 Novemeber 2014. As envisioned by the program, progress is ongoing towards improving quality of school education in an inclusive way with following status on the key paramater as of March 2014:

NER for primary: 95.6% (boys: 96.2%, girls: 95.0%); NER for basic: 86.3% (boys: 86.4%, girls: 86.3%);

GPI in NER for basic education: 1.00

First round of NASA for grades 3, 5, and 8 completed. Grade 8 average achievement: math 43%, Nepali 49%, social studies 49%. Grade 5 average achievement: math 53.3%, Nepali 59.7%, English 53.6%. Grade 3 average achievement: math 59.5%, Nepali 62.6%; second round of NASA for grade 8 ongoing

GPI in literacy of 15+ age group: 0.92

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

More equitable access to quality education

Enhanced student learning

Safer schools

Literacy and Lifelong Learning Functional literacy and basic competencies among youth and adults enhanced review study

Technical Education and Vocational Training Secondary level students equipped with TEVT soft (prevocational) skills

Component 6: Teacher Professional Development Teachers' qualifications and professional competencies enhanced to better facilitate students' learning processes

Capacity Development, Management, and Monitoring and Evaluation Delivery and monitoring

of educational services, and evaluation of outcomes improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Progress ongoing in each output with following status as of March 2014:

1) Percentage of 4-year-old children enrolled in ECED: 76.7% (boys: 77.2%, girls: 76.2%); GPI in ECED enrollment: 0.99;

GER for grades 9 to 12: 50.4% (boys: 50.1%, girls: 50.7%); NER for grades 9 to 12: 33.2% (boys: 33.3%, girls: 32.2%);

GPI in GER for grades 9 to 12: 1.01; GPI in NER for grades 9 12: 1.00

Share of out-of-school children aged 5 to 12: 13.7% (boys: 13.6%, girls: 13.7%)

Gender and vulnerable communities action plan implementation ongoing.

2) Enhanced student learning:

Percentage of new entrants in grade 1 with ECED: 56.9% (boys: 56.2%, girls: 57.6%)

Repetition rate in grade 1: 17.5% (boys: 17.7%, girls: 17.3%); repetition rate in grade 5: 5.3% (boys: 5.3%, girls: 5.3%)

First round of NASA for grades 3, 5, and 8 completed. Grade 8 average achievement: math 43%, Nepali 49%, social studies 49%. Grade 5 average achievement: math 53.3%, Nepali 59.7%, English 53.6%. Grade 3 average achievement: math 59.5%, Nepali 62.6%; second round of NASA for grade 8 ongoing

SLC pass rate: 43.9%; HSLC pass rate: 41.0%.

3) Safer Schools:

Retrofitting completed of 114 schools and work on 24 buildings is at an advanced stage. Work will commence by the end of November for the remaining buildings.

Training provided to 50,166 students and 3,417 teachers on school safety

Training provided to 649 masons, and 180 engineers and sub-engineers for seismic resistive building construction/ retrofitting

4) Literacy and Lifelong Learning Functional literacy and basic competencies among youth and adults enhanced review study:

Progress is ongoing. 2,128 community learning centers set up by 2013. Target: 4,748 by 2014.

2008 -2010: 2.8 million participants enrolled in literacy programs, 90+% of them women; most participants in 15 -35 age group.

Literacy rates in 2011 (age 6+): 68.6% (total); 77.7% (male), 60.0% (female)

GPI of 15+ age group: 0.92

Instructional materials for NFE participants developed in 16 mother tongues

5) Technical Education and Vocational Training Secondary level students equipped with TEVT soft (prevocational) skills

Progress is ongoing. Activities under this program were designed under the two component ' General Vocational Skill- component 1 and Educational quality Improvement, teacher Capacity Building and Literacy (3 districts focus)- component 2. The first component was comprised of six sub-components having twenty three activities altogether. The first sub-component ' Coordination & Preparation' had two activities which was accomplished with 18% progress in terms of physical rate and it achieved 15% financially. The implementation of TEVT soft skill activities were observed low. The highest physical progress was noted in component no 2 program, but the expenditure made on these activities were very nominal. Based on the both progress rates (Financial and physical), 'Inclusion of TEVT soft skill in curriculum and Textbook' sub-component had achieved 97% physical progress wherein; the financial progress was made 75%. A report is prepared by identifying the possible TEVT soft skill contents in grade 6-8 curriculum and text books. Curriculum of five vocational subjects of grade 9-10 was developed.

6) Teacher Professional Development Teachers qualifications and professional competencies enhanced to better facilitate students learning processes:

Progress is ongoing with following achievements:

Percentage of certified teachers increased to 98.1% (basic) and 98% (secondary)

Percentage of teachers with required qualifications (basic): 92.5%

Percentage of teachers with required qualifications (secondary): 92.2%

Share of female teachers in primary education: 37.9%

Share of female teachers in secondary education (grades 9 to 10): 13.8%

Shares of Dalit and Janajati teachers: 5.0% and 30.0% in primary, 4.1% and 17.9% in secondary (grades 9 to 10).

7) Capacity Development, Management, and Monitoring and Evaluation Delivery and monitoring of educational services, and evaluation of outcomes improved:

Progress is ongoing. The ASIP/AWPB for every fiscal year allocates the budget to all public schools (28,453 basic and 5,790 secondary schools in the first trimester). However, the release of budget to schools varies due to delays in approval of the program by the National Planning Commission after the Ministry of Finance announced the budget.

45.3% of all permanent and rahat teachers in all 75 districts receiving salaries through bank accounts

Training provided to 92 officials from five REDs and 75 DEOs; procurement training has been regularized

Training provided to about 98% of all schools

About 82% of all community schools conducted such audits

DEOs publicly disclose all funds and quotas distributed to schools, both in the DEO office as well as on the respective DEO websites

There has been gradual progress in the submission of audit reports. There was a 93-day delay in submission of the audited report for FY2010. This was reduced to 68 days for FY2013.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Ongoing.
Involuntary Resettlement Not applicable
Indigenous Peoples Ongoing.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Undertaken.
During Project Implementation Ongoing as and when required.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The TA will commence in January 2012 and end in July 2014, and require 56 person-months inputs of consulting services. Consultants will be recruited individually and through a national firm in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time); TA disbursement will follow ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Smita Gyawali
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of EducationSano Thimi
Kathmandu, Nepal
Timetable
Concept Clearance 20 Apr 2011
Fact Finding 15 Apr 2011 to 18 May 2011
MRM 23 Aug 2011
Approval 22 Nov 2011
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Mar 2015

Grant

Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2,361.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 2,100.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 260.50 - 0.00 0.00 %

Grant 0272-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Nov 2011 13 Feb 2012 26 Mar 2012 31 Dec 2014 - 15 Jan 2015
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 65.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 65.00 22 Nov 2011 65.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 22 Nov 2011 65.00 0.00 100%

Grant 0289-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Mar 2012 08 Jun 2012 06 Aug 2012 31 Dec 2014 - 19 Feb 2015
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.47 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 28 Mar 2012 0.00 3.30 95%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 3.47 28 Mar 2012 0.00 3.30 95%

TA 7935-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Nov 2011 17 Apr 2012 17 Apr 2012 31 Jul 2014 31 Mar 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 22 Nov 2011 663,461.57
Title Document Type Document Date
School Sector Program (Third Tranche): Progress Report on Tranche Release Progress Reports on Tranche Releases Oct 2014
School Sector Program: Project Data Sheet (Nepali Translation) Translated PDS Jul 2014
School Sector Program (Second Tranche) Progress Reports on Tranche Releases Sep 2013
Grant Agreement for School Sector Program between Nepal and Asian Development Bank dated 13 February 2012 Grant Agreement Feb 2012
School Sector Program Summary Poverty Reduction and Social Strategies Oct 2011
School Sector Program: Gender and Vulnerable Communities Action Plan Gender Action Plans Oct 2011
School Sector Program Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2011

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
School Sector Program: Environmental Management Framework (as of Board approval) Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Oct 2011
School Sector Program: Environmental Management Framework Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Aug 2011
School Sector Program: Vulnerable Community Development Framework Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Aug 2011
School Sector Program: Framework for Land Acquisition Through Voluntary Donation or Willing Seller-Willing Buyer Process (August 2011) Resettlement Planning Documents Aug 2011

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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