Indonesia: Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction

Sovereign Project | 35183-013

Summary

The Project supports the Government's program to promote sustainable and community-managed freshwater, brackishwater and marine aquaculture development to reduce poverty and increase the food supply among poor fish-farming communities. It focuses on the development of small-scale and low-cost aquaculture production systems that are economically sound and environment friendly, and that can be easily replicated by fish farmers organizations and small- to medium-scale private entrepreneurs. The Project will provide technical and extension support to fish farmers in order to ensure successful project implementation. Such support includes innovative mechanisms to assist organized fish farmer groups with securing production inputs and marketing their final product.

Latest Project Documents


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Project Name Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction
Project Number 35183-013
Country Indonesia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2285-INO: Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction
Asian Development Fund US$ 33.30 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Fishery
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Project supports the Government's program to promote sustainable and community-managed freshwater, brackishwater and marine aquaculture development to reduce poverty and increase the food supply among poor fish-farming communities. It focuses on the development of small-scale and low-cost aquaculture production systems that are economically sound and environment friendly, and that can be easily replicated by fish farmers organizations and small- to medium-scale private entrepreneurs. The Project will provide technical and extension support to fish farmers in order to ensure successful project implementation. Such support includes innovative mechanisms to assist organized fish farmer groups with securing production inputs and marketing their final product. The Project builds the capacity of the Directorate General of Aquaculture (DGA) and the participating district governments to formulate policies and regulations for sustainable aquaculture development and environmental management, and to support the needs of the beneficiaries, their communities, and the country's aquaculture industry as a whole.

The Project is implemented in five districts in four provinces: namely: (i) Langkat in North Sumatera Province, (ii) Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) in South Sumatera Province, (iii) Karawang and Sumedang in West Java Province, and (iv) Buton in Southeast Sulawesi Province.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Aquaculture has been playing an increasingly significant role in Indonesia's economy providing household food security, generating valuable foreign exchange and domestic revenues, boosting international trade in fish and aquatic products, and improving the living standards of poor rural communities in Indonesia. It has been accepted as a viable alternative livelihood for fisherfolks engaged in open sea fishing and can help reduce pressure on marine and coastal resources including the depleting fish stock, degrading fish habitats and declining marine biodiversity.

However, the subsector is confronted with numerous problems that need to be addressed urgently. These problems include (i) low growth and productivity resulting from poor fish-farming systems and lack of good quality fish and shrimp seed; (ii) environmental degradation and pollution resulting from poor fishfarm management and technology; (iii) lack and inaccessibility of credit for poor or small-scale fish farmers; (iv) high costs of imported production inputs; (v) lack of social preparation, inefficient extension services, and post-production facilities and marketing infrastructure; and (vi) user conflicts in open water areas among fish farmers and other users. All these problems have been acting as deterrents to aquaculture by small-scale fish farmers.

Impact Reduced poverty and increased food security in five rural districts
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Increased fish production through sustainable aquaculture development
Progress Toward Outcome Satisfactory. Will be confirmed at PCR.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Component1: Aquaculture Production Enhancement

Communities organized and empowered; social infrastructure and facilities improved; fish production in freshwater, brackishwater and mariculture enhanced through rehabilitation and establishment of community-based aquaculture systems

Component 2: Aquaculture Support Services

Production techniques and quality of aquaculture products improved through strengthened extension services and improved post-harvest handling, processing and marketing

Component 3: Institutional Strengthening and Project Management

Capacity of national and district level institutions, including private sector institutions, in aquaculture development and management strengthened; and establishment and operation of project management office and units supported

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

At project closure on 31 December 2013, the following were achieved:

Component 1:

There were 14,585 communities organized and participated in community-managed aquaculture enterprises (104%). 3,277 ha of brachiswater ponds or tambak improved (80%) and 533 units mariculture cages established and managed (178%). The Project established 107 brackishwater aquaculture and 69 mariculture demonstration units (117%), 582 ha of seaweed culture facilities (116%), 76 demonstration units (76%), 31 hatcheries, and 166 units of water supply facilities (111%). 233 ha of fish ponds improved (518%) and 38km km access roads were improved as well (63%).

Component 2:

Extension workers provided production techniques and improved quality aquaculture products to 1,022 community groups including 139 women groups. 14,196 project beneficiaries received production input assistance.

Value of shrimps and fishes, except grouper and seaweeds, by 27%. Sales of cultured fish increased by 5.6%.

Componenet 3:

222 PMO and PIU staff trained on procurement, financial management and other topics (493%). 72 extension officers provided with training and transport equipment (103%). PMO and PIUs were established in early 2007. They were adequately staffed and equipped to meet project requirements. 29 guidelines prepared by PMC distributed to PMO and PIUs.

Geographical Location The Project is implemented in 5 districts in 4 provinces: (i) Langkat in North Sumatra Province, (ii) Ogan Komering Ilir in South Sumatra Province, (iii) Karawang and Sumedang in West Java, (iv) Buton in Southeast Sulawesi Province
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The Project requires consulting services for a total of 672 person-months, comprising 56 international and 616 national person-months for Project Management Consultant (PMC). The consultants were recruited through a firm and selected following the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The PMC was mobilized in April 2008 and will end in October 2013.
Procurement Goods and services financed partly or wholly by ADB procures in accordance with the ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Contract packages for goods exceeding $500,000 is awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding (ICB). Each contract costing between $100,000 and $500,000 is awarded through national competitive bidding (NCB). Minor equipment and materials costing less than $100,000 will be procured through shopping. Civil works contract packages exceeding $1,000,000 is awarded on the basis of ICB. Contract packages between $100,000 and $500,000 is awarded on the basis of NCB. Small scale civil works contracts with an average value of $10,000-$25,000 equivalent will follow procurement procedures for community participation in procurement as contained in ADB's Procurement Guidelines.
Responsible ADB Officer Pantja Putih Wardani
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Indonesia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Directorate General for AquacultureMr. Made L. NurdjanaJl. Harsono RM No. 3, Ragunan, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Aug 2002
Fact Finding 28 Jun 2004 to 21 Jul 2004
MRM 19 Aug 2004
Approval 12 Dec 2006
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 03 Mar 2006
Last PDS Update 29 Sep 2014

Loan 2285-INO

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Dec 2006 15 Mar 2007 13 Jul 2007 31 Dec 2013 - 15 Dec 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 44.52 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 33.30 12 Dec 2006 31.60 0.00 100%
Counterpart 11.22 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 12 Dec 2006 31.60 0.00 100%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction Project Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Oct 2005
Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction Project Resettlement Plans Oct 2005

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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