Afghanistan: Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development

Sovereign Project | 36222-013

Summary

The impact of the project is improved agricultural productivity in four target provinces in Northern Afghanistan, and the outcome is farming communities in the target provinces are better served with irrigation infrastructure. This will be achieved by rehabilitating at least 100 traditional small-scale irrigation systems at an estimated civil works cost of $40,000 per system. Improvement of traditional irrigation is a high priority in Afghanistan because of its key importance for community-based agricultural production, which is key to community livelihoods and poverty reduction. The project will be implemented through a community contracting system which will: (i) allow rural populations to manage the implementation of projects in their areas and increase local economic opportunities; and (ii) create a sense of ownership and timely completion as procurement will be done locally with the maximum involvement of local communities.

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Project Name Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development
Project Number 36222-013
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9165-AFG: Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 10.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The impact of the project is improved agricultural productivity in four target provinces in Northern Afghanistan, and the outcome is farming communities in the target provinces are better served with irrigation infrastructure. This will be achieved by rehabilitating at least 100 traditional small-scale irrigation systems at an estimated civil works cost of $40,000 per system. Improvement of traditional irrigation is a high priority in Afghanistan because of its key importance for community-based agricultural production, which is key to community livelihoods and poverty reduction. The project will be implemented through a community contracting system which will: (i) allow rural populations to manage the implementation of projects in their areas and increase local economic opportunities; and (ii) create a sense of ownership and timely completion as procurement will be done locally with the maximum involvement of local communities. Women's participation will be facilitated through a gender action plan (GAP), which will include lessons learnt from earlier projects. The GAP will be prepared in the first 3 months of the project. The project will be implemented over 48 months in four provinces: Ghor, Balkh, Samangan, and Baghlan.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Afghanistan is a poor rural country and according to the latest National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) rural households accounted for 80% of the total population and rural poverty accounted for 84% of the poverty nationwide (NRVA 2007/08). The national poverty rate is 36%; however there is significant regional variation with poverty levels exceeding 57% in some provinces. Agriculture is an important sector to Afghanistan as 36% of all households rely on farming with another 6% depending upon farm wages as their main source of income. Agriculture is based upon irrigation, but after decades of conflict, much of the irrigation infrastructure is in a serious state of disrepair. Most irrigation works in Afghanistan are either small- or medium-scale irrigation structures that are developed and managed by communities. Rehabilitating these systems and ensuring more efficient supply of water will enhance community agriculture from a status of intermittent to more intensive irrigation. This will result in significant benefits to local communities and to the agriculture sector.

Irrigated agriculture is a crucial investment to improve livelihoods and stability in Afghanistan. Including women in development programs is also important since they provide much of the farm labor. Developing their skills and knowledge will improve agricultural productivity and will empower women so that they are more visible in community matters. In addition to developing their capacity, women will benefit from improved irrigation as increased availability of irrigation water will decrease the time they spend fetching water, watering the fields, and providing water for livestock. This will have a significant impact on reducing women's time poverty.

Impact Increased agricultural productivity in four target provinces
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Farming communities in four target provinces better served by irrigation infrastructure
Progress Toward Outcome

Contracts for 84 irrigation subprojects have been awarded in Balkh, Baghlan, Ghor and Samangan Provinces, of which 43 subprojects have been completed and 41 are in various stages of construction.

The EA expects that rehabilitation of all 120 irrigation structures will be completed by the end of September 2016.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Rehabilitated and improved irrigation infrastructure operational

Communities effectively manage the irrigation systems

Project management, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity development

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

43 sub-projects have been completed and so far 23 handed over to communities.

CDCs have confirmed completion of 31 sub-projects. Completion certificates for these projects have been issued as of 31 January 2015.

Training of communities is ongoing. 80 CDC members have received training in (i) Agricultural management, (ii) Watershed Management and Conservation, (iii) Program Management (financial, accounting, general project management), (iv) Construction project and Quality Control, and (v) Conflict Management. All 80 participants have received their training certificates.

An M&E Specialist was engaged and has prepared an M&E plan which is being used by the PMU.

Geographical Location Baghlan, Balkh, Ghor, and Samangan provinces
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project will rehabilitate up to 120 small-scale traditional irrigation schemes. The project will focus on existing systems and will not establish new irrigation schemes. A set of criteria are established to assess sub-project feasibility. Potential sub-projects that have negative environmental impacts will be excluded from the project. Category B is the highest environmental category of the sub-projects under the Grant Assistance. Category A for Environment projects will be screened out of financing. An EARF has been prepared. Subprojects under the Grant Assistance will be identified by consultation with local communities. In case of Category B subprojects, IEEs adn EMPs will be prepared and submitted to ADB for review.
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement in the program area. Sub-projects that have potential for involuntary land acquisition and resettlement will be excluded from the project.
Indigenous Peoples No impacts on indigenous people in the program area. Sub-projects that have potential for indigenous peoples impact will be excluded from the project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project concept was developed based on discussions with various stakeholders in Afghanistan, including the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, the Embassy of Japan and the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
During Project Implementation The project is currently in the initial stage of implementation and no further public consultation has been undertaken.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Financial management specialist - $240,000 (ICS)

M&E specialist - $230,000 (ICS)

Audit - $30,000 (LCS)

Procurement

Goods and works:

120 small scale irrigation schemes rehabiliated - $5,400,000 (community participation)

Office suplies - $62,100 (shopping)

Generators - $4,000 (shopping)

Responsible ADB Officer Mohammad Hanif Ayubi
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and DevelopmentDarul Aman Road, Nila Bagh Street, Kabul
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Jan 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 06 Jul 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 24 Mar 2015

Grant 9165-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Jul 2012 19 Sep 2012 19 Sep 2012 30 Mar 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 06 Jul 2012 0.00 7.99 80%
Counterpart 0.20 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 10.00 06 Jul 2012 0.00 7.02 70%

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards
Title Document Type Document Date
Community Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Nov 2011

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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