Afghanistan: Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development

Sovereign Project | 36222-013 Status: Approved

Summary

The impact of the project is improved agricultural productivity in four target provinces in Northern Afghanistan, and the outcome is farming communities in the target provinces are better served with irrigation infrastructure. This will be achieved by rehabilitating at least 100 traditional small-scale irrigation systems at an estimated civil works cost of $40,000 per system. Improvement of traditional irrigation is a high priority in Afghanistan because of its key importance for community-based agricultural production, which is key to community livelihoods and poverty reduction. The project will be implemented through a community contracting system which will: (i) allow rural populations to manage the implementation of projects in their areas and increase local economic opportunities; and (ii) create a sense of ownership and timely completion as procurement will be done locally with the maximum involvement of local communities.

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development
Project Number 36222-013
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9165-AFG: Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 10.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The impact of the project is improved agricultural productivity in four target provinces in Northern Afghanistan, and the outcome is farming communities in the target provinces are better served with irrigation infrastructure. This will be achieved by rehabilitating at least 100 traditional small-scale irrigation systems at an estimated civil works cost of $40,000 per system. Improvement of traditional irrigation is a high priority in Afghanistan because of its key importance for community-based agricultural production, which is key to community livelihoods and poverty reduction. The project will be implemented through a community contracting system which will: (i) allow rural populations to manage the implementation of projects in their areas and increase local economic opportunities; and (ii) create a sense of ownership and timely completion as procurement will be done locally with the maximum involvement of local communities. Women's participation will be facilitated through a gender action plan (GAP), which will include lessons learnt from earlier projects. The GAP will be prepared in the first 3 months of the project. The project will be implemented over 48 months in four provinces: Ghor, Balkh, Samangan, and Baghlan.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Afghanistan is a poor rural country and according to the latest National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) rural households accounted for 80% of the total population and rural poverty accounted for 84% of the poverty nationwide (NRVA 2007/08). The national poverty rate is 36%; however there is significant regional variation with poverty levels exceeding 57% in some provinces. Agriculture is an important sector to Afghanistan as 36% of all households rely on farming with another 6% depending upon farm wages as their main source of income. Agriculture is based upon irrigation, but after decades of conflict, much of the irrigation infrastructure is in a serious state of disrepair. Most irrigation works in Afghanistan are either small- or medium-scale irrigation structures that are developed and managed by communities. Rehabilitating these systems and ensuring more efficient supply of water will enhance community agriculture from a status of intermittent to more intensive irrigation. This will result in significant benefits to local communities and to the agriculture sector.

Irrigated agriculture is a crucial investment to improve livelihoods and stability in Afghanistan. Including women in development programs is also important since they provide much of the farm labor. Developing their skills and knowledge will improve agricultural productivity and will empower women so that they are more visible in community matters. In addition to developing their capacity, women will benefit from improved irrigation as increased availability of irrigation water will decrease the time they spend fetching water, watering the fields, and providing water for livestock. This will have a significant impact on reducing women's time poverty.

Impact

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Farming communities in four target provinces better served by irrigation infrastructure
Progress Toward Outcome Rehabilitation works of 127 irrigation structures out of revised 138 sub-projects have completed, while the actual contracted sub-projects number is 142 with anticipation to increase further. Provincial offices have been established and implementation of the rest 15 sub-projects is ongoing. As of date 142 sub-projects have been awarded in Balkh, Baghlan, Ghor and Samangan Provinces.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Rehabilitated and improved irrigation infrastructure operational

Communities effectively manage the irrigation systems

Project management, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity development

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

99 sub-projects have been completed, and 97 have been handed over to the communities. As of date 142 subprojects have been awarded (revised target was 138). Works are ongoing for the remaining 43 structures, it is anticipated that the number may increase further.

CDCs have confirmed completion of 97 sub-projects and issuance of completion certificates were completed in Q3 2015.

Ongoing. 400 CDC members from 81 CDCs have received training in (i) Agricultural management, (ii) Watershed Management and Conservation, (iii) Program Management (financial, accounting, general project management), (iv) Construction project and Quality Control, and (v) Conflict Management. The plan is to achieve about 701 CDC members trained during project period.

To date, 47 women from 81 CDCs have participated in the training program. An estimated 13 more are expected to participate in the next two training sessions in Samangan and Ghor Provinces.

Achieved. 2 females are hired for project-funded positions in the DRRDs, while in total 8 PMO positions are filled with women to support project implmentation

Ongoing. Quarterly reports for 2013 and 2014 submitted and annual report for 2014 was submitted on 4 April 2015. Q3 2015 report has yet to be submitted.

CAD projection achieved and Project is on track.

Achieved. M&E Specialist has been engaged and mobilized. M&E program has been adopted and is being implemented.

Geographical Location Baghlan, Balkh, Ghor, and Samangan provinces

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects The project will rehabilitate up to 120 small-scale traditional irrigation schemes. The project will focus on existing systems and will not establish new irrigation schemes. A set of criteria are established to assess sub-project feasibility. Potential sub-projects that have negative environmental impacts will be excluded from the project. Category B is the highest environmental category of the sub-projects under the Grant Assistance. Category A for Environment projects will be screened out of financing. An EARF has been prepared. Subprojects under the Grant Assistance will be identified by consultation with local communities. In case of Category B subprojects, IEEs adn EMPs will be prepared and submitted to ADB for review.
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement in the program area. Sub-projects that have potential for involuntary land acquisition and resettlement will be excluded from the project.
Indigenous Peoples No impacts on indigenous people in the program area. Sub-projects that have potential for indigenous peoples impact will be excluded from the project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project concept was developed based on discussions with various stakeholders in Afghanistan, including the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, the Embassy of Japan and the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
During Project Implementation The project is currently in the initial stage of implementation and no further public consultation has been undertaken.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

Financial management specialist - $240,000 (ICS)

M&E specialist - $230,000 (ICS)

Audit - $30,000 (LCS)

Procurement

Goods and works:

120 small scale irrigation schemes rehabiliated - $5,400,000 (community participation)

Office suplies - $62,100 (shopping)

Generators - $4,000 (shopping)

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Mohammad Hanif Ayubi
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
Darul Aman Road, Nila Bagh Street,
Kabul,
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Timetable

Concept Clearance 28 Jan 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 06 Jul 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2016

Grant 9165-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Jul 2012 19 Sep 2012 19 Sep 2012 30 Mar 2017 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 06 Jul 2012 0.00 8.98 90%
Counterpart 0.20 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 10.00 06 Jul 2012 0.00 9.16 92%

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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