Bangladesh: Rural Infrastructure Improvement II

Sovereign Project | 36224-013

Summary

The project is designed to to reduce poverty in 23 districts of north east and central Bangladesh by expanding the economic opportunities of rural poor through the improvement of rutal infrastructure, genger development and improved local governence. Poverty reduction will be achieved by targetting poor areas and closely involving the poor and other stakeholders in implementing sub projects and maintaining rural infrastructure and strengthening the capability of local institutions.

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Project Name Rural Infrastructure Improvement II
Project Number 36224-013
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Rural Infrastructure Improvement II
Germany (w/ LoA) US$ 7.00 million
United Kingdom (w/ LoA) US$ 2.00 million
KfW Grant US$ 24.00 million
Loan 2254-BAN: Rural Infrastructure Improvement II
Asian Development Fund US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The project is designed to to reduce poverty in 23 districts of north east and central Bangladesh by expanding the economic opportunities of rural poor through the improvement of rutal infrastructure, genger development and improved local governence. Poverty reduction will be achieved by targetting poor areas and closely involving the poor and other stakeholders in implementing sub projects and maintaining rural infrastructure and strengthening the capability of local institutions.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Efficient rural transport and supporting infrastructure are indispensable in reducing poverty and in achieving a rapid economic development of Bangladesh. Investments in the rural infrastructure sector have been made by the Government with substantial assistance from external donors including the ADB. The Project draws on experience and lessons learned from previous projects particularly in mainstreaming the participatory approach and empowering local government. The Project area consists of 23 districts in the Rajshahi, Dhaka and Chittagong divisions that were selected because of the poverty level, poor state of development of the road infrastructure, and the need for strengthening the local governance. Improving the rural roads and the associated infrastructure will provide the local inhabitants with efficient transport to markets and trading centers and access to social and welfare services. These improvements will lay the foundation for better economic opportunities and assist in reducing poverty. Strengthening the local government units will enable them to plan, manage and maintain the local infrastructure. Stakeholders from the private sectors such as bus owners and operators, rickshaw drivers, farmers, and local traders will be consulted on their transport needs. Local participation will create a sense of ownershipo and focus greater attention to effective maintance.

The project is consistent with the Government's rural development strategy, which emphasizes rural infrastructure development as a prerequisite for overall development. It is in line with the Government's and ADB's poverty reduction strategies, as indicated in the Government's NPRS, and ADB's 2006-2010 country strategy and program. The proposed project forms part of the country's Master Plan for Rural Roads, which was prepared by the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED).

Impact Reduce rural poverty through sustainable economic growth, rural development, and improved infrastructure.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced accessibility to basic services and increased farm income
Progress Toward Outcome According to the project's Final Performance Assessment Report, average time decreased for project households to access their preferred agritural market is 57.1% average farm income increased to Tk.186254 in the project areas comparing with the benchmark information. The Project was closed on June 2013.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Rural Roads upgraded

Growth center markets/jetties/ UPCs improved

Capacity of LGED and LGIs strengthened

Support for Project Management provided

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Based on the project as of June 2013, 100% women members participate in the Union Council meetings; 40 Women Market Sections (WMSs) have been completed and handed over to female shop owners; and 55 UCCs constructed and started functioning and the process of relocating all union level government offices in the UCC compound completed.

Physical progress in 100%. LGI training by institutional capacity building consultants were completed in December 2010. LGED Engineers and other staff in the project areas were trained on technical, management, monitoring and participary process related to the project. 137 LGED Engineers were also trained on Result Based Management (RBM) concept and application for project management.

Geographical Location 23 districts: Dinajpur, Thakurgaon, Panchagar, Rangpur, Nilphamari, Gaibandha, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Mymemsingh, Kishoregonj, Netrokona, Jamalpur, Sherpur, Tangail, Dhaka, Gazipur, Narshingdi, Manikgonj, Munshiganj
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) for the project was undertaken following ADB guideline to identify position and negative impacts, suggest mitigation needs and outline monitoring process. The interventions under this project deals primarily with road improvement. No new roads will be constructed. Hence adverse environmental impacts are minimal, and further reduced through appropriate mitigation measures. The potential negative impacts during construction phase are minimized by (i) limiting earthworks during dry season, (ii) careful planning and operating drainage diversions, (iii) restoration/rehabilitation of borrow pits, (iv) safe transport and storage of construction materials, (v) spraying water to reduce dust hazard and (vi) prohibition of machinery use after sunset to reduce sound pollution. In the long term the project will benefit the environment by tree plantation along the roadside, improve regional hydrology through restructuring/rehabilitating cross drainage structure, reducing dust pollution, facilitating improved access to markets, easy movement of motorized and non motorized traffic and improving the aesthetic quality of the region.
Involuntary Resettlement

The project was classified by ADB as category A for Involuntary Resettlement (IR) that refers to significant involuntary resettlement impact. The draft Resettlement Plan (RP) prepared during the project design identified 213 Project Affected People (PAPs), either for physical displacement or having significant impact of resettlement, in Monipur Dugdugir Haat Road subproject in Rangpur. It was anticipated that many of the similar subprojects would have significant impacts of involuntary resettlement. However, the subproject location and alignment was changed from the alignment of the RP, and most other project roads were constructed or improved on the existing alignment of LGED's earthen/HBB road, which did not require any new land acquisition or physical displacement of PAPs. So, the RP prepared during PPTA was not required for implementation, and no more resettlement plan was required for other road sub-projects. Other infrastructures (i.e. Haat Bazar, Cyclone Shelters, River Ghats, UPS etc.) were also constructed on the existing available lands, leading to minimal physical displacement.

Despite nominal impact of IR due to the project's intervention, the Resettlement Framework was translated in Bangla and distributed to all project offices up to upazila level, as a part of information disclosure scheme and compliance of the Project's safeguard requirement. Total 8.646 acres of land was acquired for 7 subprojects at Comilla, Gazipur, Jamalpur, Narayanganj, Narshingdi, and Rangpur. So far, total BDT31,982,912 was paid for the land acquisition. No grievance was reported related to land acquisition or any type of IR. The cumulative number of PAPs with significant impact of resettlement due to the project's intervention did not exceed 200 people for the whole project. As a result, the project could be reclassified to category B for IR safeguard.

Indigenous Peoples No indigenous people are found to live on the roadsides of the core sub-project areas.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design To involve the local people and other stakeholders in the decision making process for design and development of different components, the bottom up participatory and consultation approach was adopted. The positive benefot s of the interventions undertaken, any negative impacts and their possible mitigation measure, land acquisition and resettlement if required were consulted. All alternate proposals suggested by the stakeholders were duly taken into account. The The Sub-project Appraisal report preparation team completed participatory meetings in all the project districts.
During Project Implementation Participatory meetings/consultations were held to account for changes in the design and implementation process. For the GCMs meetings are conducted with the stakeholders for participatory contribution, maintenance, formation of management committee. During the review missions project team regularly hold consultations with local stakeholders about progress, local issues and concerns.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Two packages of consulting services for support project management and to strengthen the capacity of LGED and the Local Government Institututes (LGIs). Under infrastructure management 132 person-months (pms) of international and 1,618 pms of national consultants will assist LGED in engineering design, monitoring and supervision of project works. An international firm in association with domestic firm(s) are providing the services. In addition, 450 pms of national consultants provided institutional support to LGED and LGI. LGED engaged consulting services in accordance with ADB's Guidelilnes .
Procurement Goods, related to services, and civil works financed by ADB are procured following ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. All the civil work contracts are procured on the basis of local competitive bidding among qualified contractors in accordance witht he Public Procurement Regulations, 2003 of GOB acceptable to ADB. There was a provision for advance procurement action for recruiting the implementation consultants from 2006 (depending the date of effectiveness of loan) to facilitate the start up project implementation.
Responsible ADB Officer Elma Morsheda
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Local Government Engineering Departmentpdriip2lged@yahoo.comLGED Bhaban (Level 6), Agargaon
Sher-e-Bangla Nagar,
Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
Local Govt Div,Min of Local Govt Rural Devt & Coop*Syed Mahbubur Rahmanpdriip2lged@yahoo.comBangladesh Secretariat
Dhaka
Timetable
Concept Clearance 10 Mar 2004
Fact Finding 19 Aug 2005 to 08 Sep 2005
MRM 31 Dec 2005
Approval 18 Aug 2006
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Feb 2006
Last PDS Update 27 Jan 2014

Grant

Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 33.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 33.00 - 0.00 0.00 %

Grant 0053-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Aug 2006 31 Jul 2007 31 Jul 2007 31 Dec 2011 30 Jun 2013 07 Oct 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 18 Aug 2006 0.00 4.51 93%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Aug 2006 0.00 4.51 93%

Loan 2254-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Aug 2006 17 Sep 2006 05 Dec 2006 31 Dec 2011 30 Jun 2013 26 Dec 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 178.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 100.00 18 Aug 2006 97.69 0.00 100%
Counterpart 78.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Aug 2006 97.69 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Procurement Plans Jan 2012
Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Project Procurement-Related Reviews Aug 2011
Loan Agreement for Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project between People's Republic of Bangladesh and ADB Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Dec 2006
Second Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Jul 2006
Rural Infrastructure Improvement II Documents Produced Under Grant/Loans/TA Sep 2005

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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