Afghanistan: Western Basins Water Resources Management Project

Sovereign Project | 36252-013

Summary

The overall Project goal is to improve rural livelihoods through strengthened integrated water resources management (IWRM); improved irrigation service delivery; and enhanced agricultural practices to increase the productivity of irrigated agriculture in Western Basins of Afghanistan (Badghis, Ghor and Herat provinces), mainly comprising the Hari Rud River Basin which includes Herat, and the Murghab River Basins.

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Procurement Documents


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Project Name Western Basins Water Resources Management Project
Project Number 36252-013
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0033-AFG: Western Basins Water Resources Management Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 14.50 million
Loan 2227-AFG: Western Basins Water Resources Management Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 51.44 million
Grant 0052-AFG: Western Basins Water Resources Management Project
Canadian Grant US$ 8.35 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural production - Irrigation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management
Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The overall Project goal is to improve rural livelihoods through strengthened integrated water resources management (IWRM); improved irrigation service delivery; and enhanced agricultural practices to increase the productivity of irrigated agriculture in Western Basins of Afghanistan (Badghis, Ghor and Herat provinces), mainly comprising the Hari Rud River Basin which includes Herat, and the Murghab River Basins.

The scope of the project are as follows: (1) Integrated Water Resources Management with 4 subcomponents: (i) technical investigations and studies, (ii) operational planning, (iii) IWRM institutional and capacity development, and (iv) Salma Dam Resettlement; (2) Water Resources and Irrigation Development, will support R&U and development of water resources and irrigation through the following 4 subcomponents: (i) irrigation rehabilitation and upgrading in the Hari Rud Basin, (ii) irrigation rehabiltiation and upgrading in the Murghab Basin, (iii) water resources development, and (iv) Mirab Development and O&M; (3) Agriculture Livelihood Services has 3 subcomponents: (i) On Farm Water Management (OFWM), (ii) Enhanced Cropping Opportunities, and (iii) poverty and gender livelihood opportunities; (4) Capacity Development and Project Management.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADB strongly supported irrigated agriculture and water resources using a three-pronged approach for Afghanistan s reconstruction: build capacity, establish an appropriate institutional framework, and rehabilitate essential infrastructure. ADB s Agriculture Sector Program loan (Loan No. 2083-AFG) provides the policy framework to manage and develop agriculture and natural resources, and guide ADB sectoral interventions. This Project was developed within and supports this policy framework.

In summary, the western basins have significant potential for agriculture intensification through R&U of existing irrigation systems, and exploitation of groundwater. However, farmers need assistance to manage water most effectively and agricultural support take advantage of cropping opportunities.

Impact Improve rural livelihoods in the Hari Rud and Murghab River Basins (project area).
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Water resource management is improved inHhari Rud or Mughab River Basins
Progress Toward Outcome

Activities of all four components of the projects are completed, while further work to be done under component 4 of the project on capacity building, after ADB's response MEW will have the program for academic master degrees and short courses program implemented in 2015-2016.The course number 27th on contract Management and administration is ongoing by Co-water specialist in Herat. The course for advance training of WEAP will be conducted (Mar 23-3 2015) by the Co-water s assigned trainer in Kabul/MEW. The list of the candidates for Master Degree training is in process for finalization by Co-water International.

On 13 March 2015, ADB issued NoL for SSS of the AIT (Asian Institute of Technology- Thailand) for the planned master degree trainings. MEW is waiting to receive the draft contract which is under preparation by the consultant Co-water International.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Integrated water management is operational

Capacity Development and Project Management

Improved water resources and irrigation development operational

Agriculture and livelihood servcies enhanced.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Hari Rud and Murghab Rivers Basins Authority (HRMRBA) formally established by MEW in March 2012. Working group has been established for the formation of River Basin Council, and around 35% work has been completed. The Establishment of the RBC is one of the main agenda items of the PIC meeting, the meeting was held in December 2014 in the HMRBA office in Herat, and decided to engaged other relevant organization to have legal status so to finalize it with legal perspective, PIC still ongoing, while project inputs have been completed as of December 2014. As discussed with HMRBA, the agency will request MEW for more clarification on formation of the River Basin Council (RBC). After required clarification on formation of the RBC, it will process/establish by the RBA.

Currently the old traditional system is implemented, while work is ongoing for the new procedures. The next Working Group meeting will gather WUA representatives and other stakeholders to specifically solicit community input on how the traditional water allocation system actually works, problems faced, and gather ideas on how to improve the system. The team which has been assigned by MEW for the purpose of water allocation/entitlement has visited the field and related communities/Water users at mid Aug 2014. The team has submitted the report to MEW and the issue is in process by the related department of MEW, the water entitlement process is time consuming and will be rest as the responsibility of MEW, while project inputs have been completed by December 2014.

100% completed. Test drilling for 10 groundwater observation wells have been completed to generate additional data for the groundwater database that will be part of the Hari Rud Basin MIS; licenses for groundwater drilling included in draft policy. An outline of groundwater MIS has been developed and database update is underway. Regulatory Framework for groundwater has been drafted and submitted.

100% completed. Groundwater policy has been drafted and submitted to PMU/MEW.

As of December 2014, Co-water has trained 563, professional, technical and support staff of HMRBA-PMU-MEW, MAIL, and Herat University. SAI provided orientations to 30 technical staff of PMU on basin management, irrigation engineering, and agriculture and livelihood.

The course number 27th on contract Management and administration is ongoing by Cowater specialist in Herat. The course for advance training of WEAP will be conducted (March 23-31 2015) by the Co-water assigned trainer in Kabul/MEW. The list of the candidates for Master Degree training is in process for finalization by Co-water.

As of September 2014. All reporting are followed by the agreed schedule, and so far 100% achieved.

A well enriched PMU has been established under MEW for the project activities execution, further work is ongoing to fully transfer the knowledge established under to PMU to MEW. As of December 2014 95% work has been completed.

There are 5 core projects and 1 main canal project for Sia Sang. The Pozelech is also benefiting from the Sia Sang Project. Hence, Pozelech can be counted as 2 water resource development projects, bringing the total to 7 projects. In addition, there were 6 WUA office buildings and 2 WMD buildings and one extension of HMRBA building. Thus the total number of projects is 16.

Six Water User Associations have been established and trained (Jui Nau, Zinda Jan, Ghoryan, Kohsan, Yahya Abad canals in Herat Province and Siah Sang canal upstream in Ghor Province). These are now legally registered with MEW as of July 31, 2011. An additional 12 communities around canal systems in the lower Hari Rud basin have been trained and assisted in establishing WUAs for their canals during December 2012 and January 2013. Of the 12 WUAs, the bylaws of 10 WUAs have been prepared and submitted for their registration, which is under process by respective departments of MEW.

No resettlement issue under the project so far. And the revised IR category is C, with no impact.

It is possible to anticipate that the WBP canal system R&U improvements will result in improving 49,197 ha of irrigated land, more than the Hari Rud River Basin target, but somewhat less than the target for both the Hari Rud and Murghab River Basins (89% of the combined target). This estimate is based on improved on farm water use efficiency over time. With the present lower efficient water use the project command area is increased to 36,886 ha, 82% of the Hari Rud target of 45,000 ha.

Work in Murghab is not feasible due to security issues.

100% completed. Zinda Jan, Kohsan, Ghoryan, Jui Nau, Sia Sang and Yahya Abad surveys completed. Surveys have been completed in Sia Sang and Yahya Abad in March 2013.

OFWM training materials have been prepared and training conducted to 200 farmers. 100% target of farmer training on OFWM has been completed, with all the training completed in December 2013.

Training materials on agriculture and livelihood have been prepared by the contracted NGOs and project agriculturists. As of March 2014, 5,516 farmers (3,501 men and 2,015 women) have been trained. Of them, 724 men and 350 women are poor and landless (share croppers). 100% target of farmer training has been achieved, with all the training completed before December 2013.

Geographical Location Badghis, Ghor, and Herat provinces, mainly comprising the Hari Rud River Basin, which includes Herat, and the Murghab River Basin.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The IEEs found that the project provides for environment-friendly irrigation interventions and contributes to improving living conditions. The IEE detailed that a follow-up environmental impact assessment or a further detailed environmental impact study is not required. The identified potential adverse effects are addressed through proper site location, planning, design, implementation, and operation and maintenance, while incorporating mitigation measures. The screening of sub-projects is done in accordance with NEPA regulations and the environmental assessment and review procedures. Monitoring is carried out throughout the sub-project implementation to ensure that guidelines are adhered to and that adequate capacity development is provided for all stakeholders. Although an environmental impact assessment is not necessary, the fielding of an environmental specialist has been required to provide support to the project environmental monitoring unit, assist with the environmental screening of future sub-projects and the preparation of the required IEEs, and train communities in the early detection of environmental degradation.
Involuntary Resettlement Temporary land acquisition may occur for access to canals for rehabilitation and during implementation of sub-projects with civil works. A resettlement framework has been prepared. In case resettlement and land acquisition is required under the project, a resettlement plan would be prepared in accordance with ADB guidelines. All sub-projects are designed in close consultation with local communities to minimize any resettlement impacts and land acquisition.
Indigenous Peoples No ethnic group or groups stand to be negatively impacted as a result of project interventions.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design A participatory survey, and secondary data collection approach was used to collect qualitative and quantitative data covering a stratified selection of communities in a core sub-project areas during project preparation to assess poverty and social issues, potential positive and negative social impacts, resettlement and land acquisition requirements, and stakeholder views. Women, men, and children (men and women in separate groups); different wealth groups; Government and ministry; community leaders; agriculture and non-agriculture sector; and non-government organizations and businesses were all consulted. Consultation measures included: direct observation, key sub-project settlement scoping surveys, participatory poverty analysis, household key informant surveys, consultation and qualitative data collection (focus group discussions and community mapping), water vulnerability scoring and ranking, problem and solution discussion, and key informant interviews. A participation consultation strategy was prepared as a part of the Project s implementation procedures.
During Project Implementation Baseline Surveys, conducted by a local NGO, used a Rapid Rural Appraisal approach to collect qualitative and quantitative data for several different canal systems that were considered for inclusion in the project. One additional canal system, the Sia Sang canal in Ghor Provence, was included in the project. Community representatives and project engineers jointly conducted walk-through surveys for each canal system to identify specific technical problems to be addressed in the design of canal system improvements.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The Project will require an estimated 800 person-months of consulting services: 526 international person-months, and 364 domestic person-months.

The Consultants will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consutlants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for selecting domestic consultants.

Procurement Procurement financed from the ADB loan and grant proceeds will be in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. International competitive bidding (ICB) procedures will be used for procuring civil works costing over $1 million; local competitive bidding (LCB) procedures for works estimated to cost $1 million or less; and direct purchase/single tender procedures may be allowed for civil works costing $100,000 or less. LCB civil works will be procured from prequalified bidders based on the Government's existing procedures acceptable to ADB. Subprojects works involving numerous structures or activities may be bundled into contract packages for procurement through ICB or LCB. Civil works less than $500,000 may be completed through in-kind contribution from local communities. Vehicles, equipment, and materials will be procured under ICB procedures where the estimated cost is more than $500,000, by international shopping where the estimated cost is between $300,000 and $500,000; and through LCB procedures acceptable to ADB where the estimated cost is $300,000 equivalent or less. Small or off-the-shelf goods and materials valued at less than $100,000 may be procured using direct purchase arrangements.
Responsible ADB Officer Mohammad Hanif Ayubi
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of FinanceMr. Omar ZakhilwalPashtonistan Watt, Kabul, Afghanistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 11 Jul 2005 to 02 Aug 2005
MRM 15 Sep 2005
Approval 20 Dec 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 18 Jan 2006
Last PDS Update 24 Mar 2015

Grant 0033-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Dec 2005 09 Mar 2006 31 May 2006 30 Sep 2013 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 27.10 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 14.50 20 Dec 2005 13.07 0.00 90%
Counterpart 12.60 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Dec 2005 13.14 0.00 91%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory Satisfactory

Grant 0052-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
25 Aug 2006 29 Mar 2006 25 Aug 2006 30 Sep 2013 31 Dec 2017 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 8.35 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 25 Aug 2006 0.00 7.68 92%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 8.35 25 Aug 2006 0.00 5.56 67%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory Satisfactory

Loan 2227-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Dec 2005 09 Mar 2006 31 May 2006 30 Sep 2013 31 Dec 2015 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 51.44 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 51.44 20 Dec 2005 48.70 0.00 95%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Dec 2005 45.91 0.00 90%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory Satisfactory

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation

No documents found.


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