36297-013: Secondary Towns Water Supply and Sanitation | Asian Development Bank

Bangladesh: Secondary Towns Water Supply and Sanitation

Sovereign (Public) Project | 36297-013 Status: Closed

Project Details

Project Officer
Alam, Md. Shahidul South Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Bangladesh
Modality
  • Loan
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Secondary Towns Water Supply and Sanitation
Project Number 36297-013
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2265-BAN: Secondary Towns Water Supply and Sanitation
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 41.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome All works completed. The project completion report is in the stage of finalization. The project is efficient in achieving its outcome and outputs. The financial and economic analyses shows economic internal rates of return (EIRRs) varying from 12.65% to 21.89%, indicating that the project exceeded ADB's EIRR benchmark of 12%. Sensitivity analyses on EIRR were also conducted, showing a reasonable range of 8.98% to 21.7% under different scenarios. The level of efficiency in implementing each subproject was satisfactory. Despite a year of start-up delay, the project achieved its intended outputs fully within the stipulated implementation period of 6 years without any cost overrun. Of the 33 output indicators, 29 were fully achieved; for the remaining four the level of achievement varied from 50% to 77%.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1 training needs assessment report , 1 training strategy, One 5-year training program and 20 training materials are prepared. Progress 100%.

Government DPP has been revised, increasing cost and extending time. 50% progress for construction of GOB funded National HRD Centre, which will continue after project closing.

210 DPHE staff trained.

5 Reports prepared. Progress 100%

DPHE recruited 150 new graduate engineers (assistant engineers) to strengthen the skilled manpower capacity.

16 DPHE executive engineers developed full capacity of managing donor-assisted sector projects and SDP-WSSB investments

DPHE is now working as the technical facilitator for all pourashavas regarding procurement, implementation, and O&M of water supply and sanitation facilities

PWSS accounts separated for all pourashavas. Progress 100%

Double-entry accounting of PWSS introduced. Progress 100%

PWSS asset inventory established. Progress 100%

Support to 6 entities provided. Progress 100%

26 sludge removal equipment sent to 11 pourashavas for removing household septic tank sludge. 11 STPs are in operation for treating household septic tank sludge, progress is 100%.

Community latrines: 313, school latrines: 160, public toilets: 59 and 916 households constructed (Total 1448) against revised target value 1451.

313 users groups of Community latrines formed; 5,040 users groups of Community latrines trained (male 2,990 and female 2,050).

School children 33,000 and adults 53,500 participated in HE and HPP.

A total of 975 girl students and 1,169 boy students received training.

916 household latrines constructed against revised target value 914.

684km distribution mains installed against revised target value 750.

49,856 water meters installed in new HH connections against revised target value 64,954.

293 new standpipes are operational against revised target value 618.

1,178 new safe water points constructed against revised target value 1091.

293 UGs of SPs formed and 1,178 UGs of SWPs formed (Combined-97.6%);

5,360 UGs members of SPs trained (male 1,410 and female 3,950) and 34,600 UGs members of SWPs trained (male 17,000 and female 17,600) (Combined-378%).

184.69 km water mains rehabilitated.

7 Iron Removal Plants/Surface Water Treatment Plants rehabilitated against revised target value 6.

22 Over Head Tanks rehabilitated against revised target value 14.

48 production tube wells regenerated against revised target value 43.

Included in water mains

36,811 existing HH connections metered against revised target value 36,811.

85 production tube wells

installed against revised target value 80.

8 iron removal plants and 4 surface water treatment plants in operation against revised target value 12.

16 overhead tanks in operation against revised target value 16.

127 km transmission mains installed against revised target value 75.

Geographical Location Nation-wide, Brahmanhata, Jessore, Pirojpur, Sirajganj
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects DPHE prepared initial environmental examinations (IEEs) for the four sample subprojects following ADBs Environment Policy (2002) and Environmental Assessment Guidelines (2003). TheIEEs show that the subprojects resulted in substantial net environmental and public health benefits including (i) reduced risk of waterborne diseases from improved water supply through the provision of better access to safe and adequate water supply and from improved sanitation and hygiene; (ii) reduced risk of arsenic- related diseases particularly for households that currently use shallow tube wells that are likely to be contaminated with arsenic; (iii) reduced groundwater contamination and avoided sewage flow in drainage canals, ponds, and rivers; and (iv) increased social benefits from community development. The salient points of the IEEs including impacts and risks and mitigation measures are summarized in Supplementary Appendix J (the full IEE and subproject IEEs are in Supplementary Appendix K). DPHE's completion report (August 2014) provides overall assessment.
Involuntary Resettlement To ensure compliance with the Government and ADBs policy and requirements for involuntary resettlement, DPHE developed a resettlement framework to guide subproject implementation. DPHE prepared draft resettlement plans for the four sample subprojects following the Governments Acquisition and Requisition of Immovable Property Ordinance of 1982 (amended in 1993 and 1994), ADBs policy on involuntary resettlement (footnote 29), and the resettlement framework for the Project (Supplementary Appendix L). DPHE had endorsed the draft resettlement framework and draft resettlement plans for the sample subprojects, which are on the ADB website. The Project is designed to minimize land acquisition and resettlement impacts, and the subproject selection criteria do not allow subprojects with significant resettlement impacts. Careful subproject siting and alignment will further minimize impacts. Most new construction and rehabilitation will be undertaken on Government land or within the premises of existing facilities. In the four sample subprojects, permanent land acquisition required for overhead tanks, production wells, and treatment plants is 0.43 hectares affecting five households. Impacts due to the rehabilitation and construction of water supply networks will be temporary and minimal, as these will be undertaken on road shoulders and under roads if structures are on the shoulders. DPHE's completion report (August 2014) provides overall assessment. No land acquisition and no resettlement was required.
Indigenous Peoples The Project provides social benefits by improving and expanding access to water supply and sanitation resulting in significant environmental and public health benefits in subproject pourashavas. Social assessments undertaken for sample subprojects do not indicate significant adverse impacts on vulnerable groups, and did not identify any indigenous groups. The 16 shortlisted pourashavas do not have significant indigenous populations. The resettlement framework and resettlement plans provide additional entitlements to vulnerable people affected, including households headed by indigenous people.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design In each pourishava, a water supply and sanitation committee have been set up under the pourashava Chairperson. Its membership includes the chief executive officer, the executive engineer, and two ward commissioners of the pourashava, and the DPHE executive engineer. It may also include NGO representatives. The committee implement the project locally and review its progress and resolve problems and issues in implementation
During Project Implementation

In each pourashava, a water supply and sanitation committee has been set up under the pourashava chairperson. Its membership includes the chief executive officer, the executive engineer, and two ward commissioners of the pourashava, and the DPHE executive engineer. It may also include NGO representatives. The committee implement the project locally and review its progress and resolve problems and issues in implementation.

One NGO for each Pourashava working with community to form water users group who identify needs and location of water points, collects user fee for maintenance of the facilities.

All development works are discussed at a 50-member citizen forum called Town Level Coordination Committee (TLCC) and implementation progress is also monitored by them.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Consultants have been selected and engaged using ADB's quality-and cost-based selection procedures in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engaging consultants and NGOs.

Consulting services have been constituted in 3 packages at the PMU level viz: (i) project management, engineering design and supervision; (ii) institutional capacity building, and (iii) awareness programs. In addition, purashava-level NGOs are being engaged by the PIU to mobilize communities and construct community water points and sanitation facilities. An estimated 126 person-months of international consulting and 1,741 person months of domestic consulting expertise will be required.

Procurement Goods works and services are being procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines. Contracts above $1.5 million are being procured using International Competitive Bidding procedures, while contracts up to $1.5 million are being procured through Local Competitive Buiiding procedures, and items costing the equivalent of $100,000 or less may through ADB's direct purchase procedures.
Responsible ADB Officer Alam, Md. Shahidul
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Department of Public Health Engineering
Syed Shahbaz Hossain
[email protected]
DPHE Bhaban, 14 Shaheed Captain Mansur Ali Sarani, Dhaka
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 23 Jan 2006
Last PDS Update 10 Aug 2016

Loan 2265-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Oct 2006 08 Nov 2006 31 Jan 2007 30 Jun 2013 30 Jun 2014 13 Jul 2016
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 62.10 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 41.00 16 Oct 2006 33.66 0.00 97%
Counterpart 21.10 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Oct 2006 34.74 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8225-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Sep 2006 20 Mar 2007 19 Jun 2007 31 Mar 2012 30 Jun 2014 05 Oct 2016
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 13 Sep 2006 0.00 7.72 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 13 Sep 2006 0.00 7.72 100%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
Bangladesh: Secondary Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Jul 2017

Related Publications

None currently available.


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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

None currently available.