Viet Nam: Agriculture Science and Technology

Sovereign Project | 36304-013 Status: Closed

Summary

The Project aims to strengthen the national AST system in Viet Nam, thereby contributing to the sustainable and equitable growth of the agriculture sector and ultimately to reduced rural poverty. The Project will address critical issues involved in AST development, including the low level of linkages among key AST areas (agricultural research, extension, and training), and the gap in the capacity of physical and human resources for the national AST system. The Project will contribute to the resolution of these issues and increase the effectiveness and relevance of AST activities for clients to receive benefits of improved AST, and promote on-farm and off-farm sustainable use of natural resources. Including the three key AST areas under the Project as part of the integrated national system is vital if the full potential of AST development is to be realized.

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Project Name Agriculture Science and Technology
Project Number 36304-013
Country Viet Nam
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2283-VIE: Agriculture Science and Technology
Asian Development Fund US$ 30.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agriculture research and application

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Description

The Project aims to strengthen the national AST system in Viet Nam, thereby contributing to the sustainable and equitable growth of the agriculture sector and ultimately to reduced rural poverty. The Project will address critical issues involved in AST development, including the low level of linkages among key AST areas (agricultural research, extension, and training), and the gap in the capacity of physical and human resources for the national AST system. The Project will contribute to the resolution of these issues and increase the effectiveness and relevance of AST activities for clients to receive benefits of improved AST, and promote on-farm and off-farm sustainable use of natural resources. Including the three key AST areas under the Project as part of the integrated national system is vital if the full potential of AST development is to be realized.

The Project scope will cover (i) client-oriented agricultural research and capacity strengthening, (ii) grassroots agricultural extension improvement, and (iii) rural-based technical and vocational training. The activities will be undertaken through close linkages among the components. Specific project outcomes will include (i) improved capacity of physical and human resources for agricultural research, (ii) increased responsiveness of agricultural research activities to client needs, (iii) improved farmer access to participatory and pro-poor agricultural extension services, (iv) strengthened linkage between agricultural research and extension, (v) increased responsiveness of rural-based technical and vocational training to national sector goals, and (vi) strengthened capacity of rural-based agricultural training. The project scope has been carefully designed to avoid overlapping, and be technically complementary to the ongoing policy and institutional reforms under the ASDP.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy ADB's policy on agriculture and natural resources research aims to contribute to (i) poverty reduction, (ii) sustainable management of agriculture and natural resources, and (iii) increased agricultural productivity. The policy highlights the need for integrated farming systems with diversified crops; provision of support for farming in unfavorable environments, including upland and remote areas; and technology development and natural resources management based on stakeholder participation. The Project includes a number of features that are in line with the agenda of the ADB policy to strengthen the national AST system in Viet Nam as described in the project components. ADB's Country Strategy and Program (CSP) for Viet Nam, approved in January 2002, and subsequent updates have five strategic priorities: sustainable growth; inclusive social development; good governance; geographic focus on the central region; and cross-cutting concerns, including environment and regional cooperation. Rural development through improved agricultural productivity and diversification is highlighted in the CSP as an important measure to achieve these strategic objectives. The AST Project is included in the CSP update for 2006-2008, and is expected to contribute to the CSP's strategic priorities.
Impact Sustainable and equitable agricultural growth achieved.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome National system of agriculture science and technology strengthened
Progress Toward Outcome The Project has contributed effectively to strengthen the national science and technology development and extension system. This has lead to improved equitable and sustainable growth. Based on the DMF indicators, the Project has achieved all outputs and outcomes. The Project is in the winding-up stage and is processing the liquidation of the advance to the imprest account. A project completion review mission will be fielded in April 2014.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Capacity of physical and human resources for agricultural research improved

Agricultural research activities made more responsive to client needs

Farmers' access to participatory and propoor agricultural extension improved

Improved linkage of agricultural extension services with research strengthened

Rural-based technical and vocational training made more responsive to national sector goals

Capacity of rural-based technical and vocational training strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Research staff with postgraduate qualification increased from 38% in 2008 to 53% in 2011.

Equipment purchased under the Project was used by over 355 researchers. Survey of researchers showed that the quality of their research has improved and they were able to expand the scope of research into more specific research on over 30 research topics which would not have been possible without the equipment. The number of samples sent out for evaluation by outside laboratory declined by 67.5%, indicating efficient use of equipment funded by the Project.

74% of research projects (about $3,700,000 equivalent) were conducted in upland and remote communities.

Pro-poor research projects were conducted in 46 provinces as well as in all agroecological regions of Viet Nam.

A total of 615 extension contracts were awarded, 375 (61%) of which were implemented in upland and remote areas of the five provinces.

In all five project provinces, extension plans were developed based on participatory method from commune to district level. A total of 129 workshops were organized in 127 communes to identify extension priority and planning for the activities.

65% of the total value of extension contracts were awarded for upland and remote areas of the five project provinces.

Open bidding method whereby information was announced in national and provincial TV and newspaper was successfully used to increase participation of wide range of extension service providers, including local extension centers, research institutes, schools, and private sector firms.

Under the 615 extension contracts and 125 research projects financed under the Project, practical linkages between farmer groups, extension service providers and research institutes were successfully and effectively formalized.

A total of 50 provincial and district agriculture extension centers participated in implementing extension contract and were partners for the 125 client-oriented research projects.

A total of 30 curricula were developed based on national sector goals, including based on the national food safety and national climate change strategies for agriculture sector.

In curriculum development in all project schools/colleges, at least one representative from relevant industries is represented in the Curriculum Board. During the project period, a total of 177 representatives of private sector and external agencies participated in the preparation of the training program and curriculum development.

Annually, about 16,020 teachers and researchers as well as 430,730 students have improved access to teaching and laboratory equipment, leading to improved learning experiences.

On average, students from Project school who find full-time employment within 6 months to one year increased from 75% in 2009 to 77% in 2011.

Geographical Location Activities related to extension will mainly cover upland or remote areas in five provinces, including Dak Nong, Nghe An, Ninh Thuan, Quang Nam, and Thanh Hoa, while other project components have nationwide coverage.

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination was carried out for the Project in accordance with the guidelines of the Government and ADB for environmental impact assessment. The environmental screening revealed that the environmental impact of any single activity is generally minor.
Involuntary Resettlement The upgrading of facilities have been carried out on the existing compound of research institutes and training schools. The Project will not require land acquisition and resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples The five project provinces covered under the grassroots agricultural extension improvement component have about 15 ethnic minority groups. Specific measures have been identified and are being taken into account in each project component to ensure that the needs and practices of the ethnic minority population are fully considered under project activities.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design A multistakeholder participatory diagnosis and design approach was adopted for project preparation to disseminate findings and project design. Key stakeholders, including relevant government agencies, research institutes, local administrations, farmer groups, other external funding agencies, and international nongovernment organizations, were consulted during project formulation. These stakeholders strongly support the project concept and recognize the importance of improved AST in Viet Nam.
During Project Implementation ADB review missions are being carried out twice a year.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services An international consulting firm was engaged to provide support for project implementation. The selection and engagement of consultants are being done in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Procurement Procurement of goods and services are being carried out by the project executing agency in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Sununtar Setboonsarng
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Mr. Nguyen The Hinh
tfdp@fpt.vn
Km. 9, Pham Van Dong St., Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Viet Nam

Timetable

Concept Clearance 09 Aug 2005
Fact Finding 29 Aug 2005 to 09 Sep 2005
MRM 03 Mar 2006
Approval 11 Dec 2006
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 08 Jun 2006
Last PDS Update 23 Apr 2014

Loan 2283-VIE

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
11 Dec 2006 14 Mar 2007 13 Jun 2007 30 Jun 2012 30 Jun 2013 13 Aug 2014
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 40.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 30.00 11 Dec 2006 30.23 0.00 98%
Counterpart 10.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 11 Dec 2006 30.87 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

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