||The Project will improve the urban environment and surface water quality, primarily in the Yitong and Yongchun rivers, which flow into the SRB. The Project will target substantial improvements in wastewater management in Changchun and Liaoyuan, which will have significant positive effects on water pollution control in the upper reaches of the SRB. The Project will provide clean and reliable water supply to Liaoyuan, Meihekou, and Shuangyang district in Changchun, secured from rivers and existing reservoirs instead of from overexploited groundwater. The Project will have an overwhelming positive environmental impact and any environmental risks during construction will be mitigated through measures in the SEIA. The SEIA summarizes the environmental impacts, mitigation measures, and monitoring plans. About 100 million m3 annually of untreated wastewater will be treated under the Project. The environmental management plan, prepared as part of the SEIA, will guide environmental mitigation and monitoring under the Project.
||Impacts related to resettlement (physical and economic displacement) include people affected by (i) permanent acquisition of land for the WWTP and pumping stations, (ii) temporary use of land for installation of trunk sewers and water pipelines, and (iii) demolition of houses and shops. Resettlement requirements have been carefully considered and incorporated into the project design. All project components were planned to minimize disruption of residential areas and villages, and maintain village cohesion. The Project will require the permanent acquisition of 78 hectares (ha) of land, temporary acquisition of 202 ha, and dismantling of 62,700 m2 of residential houses and 2,077 m2 of commercial buildings. In total, 244 households with 911 people will be permanently affected by land acquisition, and 502 households with 1,799 people by the dismantling of houses. In addition, two enterprises and 18 shops will be affected.
|During Project Design
Participatory approach has been part of the project design and will be continued during project implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. During project preparation, public hearing meetings on water supply and wastewater treatment, and government policies and efforts to develop water supply service were held in the project cities. The participants unanimously concluded that a tariff adjustment was necessary to recover costs, assist with the sustainable development of water supply and sewerage system, conserve water, protect the environment, improve services, and help poor families. Further public consultations will be held during project implementation to discuss and get feedback from consumers and other key stakeholders, particularly the poor, on cost recovery, tariff adjustment, affordability, public participation, water conservation, hygiene program, and environmental protection.
Two rounds of five public consultations in project cities were carried out in preparing the environmental impact assessment. The purpose of public consultations and disclosure was to (i) introduce the project components to the stakeholders; (ii) solicit ideas, suggestions, comments, concerns, and critiques on the potential environmental implications of the Project; and (iii) present the findings of the environmental impact assessment, summarizing
potential environmental impacts and mitigation measures, and provide answers raised by workshop participants in the first round. Plans for public involvement during the design and construction stages of the Project were developed. These plans will provide forums for periodically updating the stakeholders on project progress and implementation of mitigation measures.
Public consultation and disclosure of resettlement plans have been conducted on various occasions during measurement surveys, village meetings, interviews, and workshops. Results of these meetings and concerns of those
affected are integrated in the resettlement plans.