Afghanistan: Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project

Sovereign Project | 36673-013 Status: Closed

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Project Name Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project
Project Number 36673-013
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 1997-AFG: Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Conventional energy generation - Electricity transmission and distribution

Transport - Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements

This emergency assistance infrastructure project was ADB's first project in Afghanistan. The Project included special loan terms, with provisions for flexible application of ADB's Guidelines for Procurement and ADB's Guidelines for the Use of Consultants for emergency assistance projects.

The Project comprised four components.

(i) Road infrastructure. Repair and rehabilitation of the 392-kilometer (km) section of Afghanistan's Ring Road from Pul-e-Khumri through Naibabad, Mazar-e-Sharif, and Sheberghan to Andkhoy; and the 55 km link to the Uzbekistan border from Naibabad to Hairatan. Consulting services were recruited for design review, supervision of civil work contracts, project management, and enhancing the maintenance capacity of the Ministry of Public Works (MPW).

(ii) Power infrastructure. This comprised (a) rehabilitation and reconstruction of damaged transmission lines and substations in the northern provinces, (b) urgently needed rehabilitation and reconstruction of the Kabul distribution system, and (c) consulting services for project management and training. It involved construction of a 220 kilovolt (kV) power line from Hairatan at the Uzbekistan border through Naibabad to Pul-e-Khumri; construction of 110 kV line from Naibabad to Mazar-e-Sharif; construction of substations in Khulm and Pule- Khumri; rehabilitation and reconstruction of Kabul electricity distribution network; and seven packages to procure transformers and testing equipment etc.

(iii) Gas infrastructure. The gas component comprised (a) provision for two mobile rigs to carry out workover activities for 12 gas wells; (b) provision for two complete well wire line units to carry out down-hole flow tests; (c) supply and installation of one skid-mounted gas sweetening plant; (d) two containerized gas production testing laboratories; (e) repair and reconstruction of corroded gas transmission lines, including pigging facilities and condensate disposal; (f) repair and reconstruction of corroded gas distribution lines, including installation of city gate stations; (g) a cathodic protection system for corrosion mitigation of transmission and distribution pipelines; (h) chemicals, tools, equipment, spare parts, instrumentation, piping and assemblies, and vehicles; (i) consulting services for design, engineering, contract management, and construction supervision; (j) contracting services for gas well rehabilitation, repairs, and reconstruction of gas transmission and distribution facilities; and (k) institutional strengthening and training of the Ministry of Mines and Industries (MMI) and Afghan Gas.

(iv) Irrigation infrastructure. The irrigation component (added to the project after loan effectiveness) had three subcomponents that were implemented as designed: (a) implementation support for the Ministry of Irrigation, Water Resources, and Environment (MIWRE) Balkh Province regional offices; (b) improved implementation capacity of MIWRE; and (c) civil works to rehabilitate irrigation structures in Balkh Province.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Project is consistent with (i) the Government's strategy to improve infrastructure; (ii) ADB's CSP for Afghanistan, 2002-2004; and (iii) ADB's policy on rehabilitation assistance after disasters. In September 2002, agreement was reached between ADB and the Borrower that the proposed rehabilitation and reconstruction of international link roads and damaged bridges, rebuilding of power transmission lines and rehabilitation of gas sector would constitute the Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project (for $150 million).

The Project was designed and the loan was processed in extremely difficult post-war conditions. Because of the emergency nature of the Project, only a short time was used to design the civil works packages, without any project preparatory technical assistance (TA). As planned in September 2002, a TA for Capacity Building for Reconstruction and Development was used from December 2002 to March 2003. However, a lack of institutional capacity and a lack of access for data collection (while Salang tunnel was under repair) made it difficult to carry out complete investigations for the design. This resulted in some cost overruns after detailed design and time extensions during implementation. The irrigation component was quickly processed from September to December 2003 and added to the Project in January 2004. The irrigation component also needed time extensions that could have been avoided if longer time was allocated for the design.

Impact Economic growth and poverty reduction
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Rehabilitate and reconstruct key infrastructure
Progress Toward Outcome Project completed with a successful rating.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Road infrastructure

Power infrastructure

Gas infrastructure

Asset management

Billing and revenue collection

Operation and maintenance

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Of the 392 km of road, 284 km was reconstructed including 80 km of to a higher

standard than just repairs with overlay only.

Naibabad-Hairatan 55 km road was reconstructed to a higher standard than designed overlay only.

On target, except 50 cct-km of 110 kV transmission lines

Failed; not implemented

Failed; component cancelled

Failed; not implemented

Failed; not implemented

Failed; not implemented.

Some partially implemented by an Iranian company, financed by the World Bank

Failed; component cancelled

Sustainability is rated less likely

Geographical Location Pule Khumri - Mazar Sharif - Sheberghan - Andkhoy section of the ring road, including the link to Uzbekistan (Naibabad - Hairatan road) and the Northern provinces.
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consulting services (280 person-months international and 500 person-months domestic) will be required to assist the EA and IAs in project implementation. All consultants financed under the project will be selected and engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants with the flexibility, wherever essential, provided under emergency assistance projects.
Procurement All contracts for civil works and supply of equipment and materials will be divided into suitable contract packages. The contracts have been mostly packaged as turnkey and design-build to ensure delivery within the project implementation period. The civil works contracts exceeding $1 million will be awarded following international competitive bidding procedures. The contracts for equipment and materials valued at $500,000 and below should be procured using international shopping procedures. For equipment and material contracts exceeding $500,000, international competitive bidding procedures will be followed
Responsible ADB Officer David Hill
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Min of Irrig,Water Res & Env; Min of Ener & Water
Implementing Agency - Part D
Ministry of Public Works
Implementing Agency -Part A
Kabul, Afghanistan
Ministry of Mines_and Petroleum
Pashtonistan Watt,Kabul, Islamic
Republic of Afghanistan
Ministry of Energy and Water(MEW formerly MWP)
Implementing Agency - Part B
Republic of Afghanistan
Ministry of Finance
Engineer Ahmad Wali Shairzay
Kabul, Afghanistan
Concept Clearance 09 Mar 2003
Fact Finding 25 Jan 2003 to 11 Feb 2003
MRM 31 Mar 2003
Approval 03 Jun 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 14 Dec 2006
Last PDS Update 25 Mar 2013

Loan 1997-AFG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Jun 2003 01 Aug 2003 31 Oct 2003 30 Jun 2013 - 01 Jul 2013
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 150.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 150.00 03 Jun 2003 76.06 0.00 90%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 03 Jun 2003 84.57 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory
Title Document Type Document Date
Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Project/Program Completion Reports Oct 2009
Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Project Procurement-Related Reviews Feb 2009
Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Reports and Recommendations of the President May 2003

Safeguard Documents

See also: Safeguards

No documents found.

Evaluation Documents

See also: Independent Evaluation
Title Document Type Document Date
Afghanistan: Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2012

Related Publications

No documents found.

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  • 10 Mar 2008 | Project Result / Case Study

    Building Roads, Changing Lives

    Decades of conflict destroyed much of Afghanistan's physical infrastructure, including its road network. Rehabilitation and upgrading of the country's roads and highways is improving access to markets, enabling private investment, and expanding foreign trade - all key to Afghanistan's further economic progress. Kabul - Safiullah, a taxi driver, has witnessed the improvements in Afghanistan's road network.