37136-013: Regional Airports Rehabilitation Project Phase I

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details


Description

The objective of the Project is to assist the Government in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the country by rehabilitating regional airports damaged during two decades of conflict and neglect. The Project is to (i) rehabilitate 4 regional airports at Chaghcharan, Ghor Province, Faizabad, Badakshan Province, Maimana, Faryab Province and Qalai-Naw, Badshis Province ; (ii) provide human resources development program to strengthen the capacity of the Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism; (iii) provide postconstruction operations assistance after completion of airport rehabilitation; (iv) provide administrative support to set up and operate the project steering committee and the project implementation unit; and (v) engage a project management consultant.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Improvement of regional airports was considered one of the urgent needs by the comprehensive needs assessment of the transport sector conducted by ADB in 2002. The nature of the terrain of Afghanistan makes internal air transportation a basic necessity for access to extremely remote areas. The continuous conflict and strife for over two decades had almost completely destroyed the civil aviation infrastructure. Many of these airports are merely gravel tracks with hardly any landside facilities. The reconstruction/rehabilitation of the important regional airports has become an urgent priority of the Government.

Impact

Sustainable economic growth.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Improve air transport services in the project area.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Reconstruction of runways, taxiways, and aprons of seven regional airports. New construction or widening of runway strips of seven regional airports. New construction or renovation of terminal building of seven regional airports and ancillary facilities Equipment for precision approach path indicators and automatic weather observation systems in seven regional airports Strengthened capacity in MCAT for civil aviation sector management

Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress

Project Completed. Runways, taxiways, aprons, and runways strips of 4 airports have been widened and rehabilitated. Other 3 airports were dropped due to cost overrun which other donors committed to undertake. Runways strips of 4 airports have been widened and rehabilitated. Other 3 airports were dropped due to cost overrun which other donors committed to undertake. Four airports teminal buildings are constructed in accordance wtih specification. Other 3 airports were dropped due to cost overrun which other donors committed to undertake. PAPI Installed in all four airports. Other 3 airports were dropped due to cost overrun which other donors committed to undertake. Completed. MoTCA staff trained in India on civil aviation management

Safeguard Categories

Environment: B
Involuntary Resettlement: B
Indigenous Peoples: C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspect
All environmental impacts were temporary and mitigation measures were manageable which were managed accordingly. Mitigation measures during the construction stage incorporated into contractors' job assignments, therefore the IEE report was made available to contractors.

Involuntary Resettlement
Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan (LARP) document was prepared and approved by the cabinet of Afghanistan that was properly implemented in close consultation with all involved stakeholders.

Indigenous Peoples
Social analysis revealed that no indigenous people live in the project area. None of the ethnic communities were observed to be marginalized because of a dominant community in the region or because of project development.

Stakeholder Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
During the project design, the Ministries involved are as follow: Ministry of Finance (MoF), Ministry of Transport & Civil Aviation (MoTCA). Most of the rehabilitation work will be carried out on land already owned by the Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism (MCAT), but will involve some minimal acquisition of residential structures, and a few households currently cultivating Government land will suffer temporary losses of income. The study included the 90 meters width required to establish a graded runaway strip for assessing the Project's social impacts. All the structures and land within this width were examined and a detailed socio-economic survey was conducted. The social assessment and public consultation has been carried out for all seven airports in phase I and a sample socioeconomic survey was conducted at three regional airports, namely, Bamyan, Faizabad, and Qalai-Naw.

During Project Implementation
During project preparation, five levels of consultations were undertaken using a public information consultation tool. The first level was in Kabul at the national capital level with various funding agencies, research agencies, relevant international and local nongovernment organizations, and relevant ministries and Government departments. The second level was at the provincial level with provincial heads, local administrations, municipalities, agriculture departments, legal departments, airport authorities, cadastral departments, and relevant international and local nongovernment organizations. The third level was with community leaders and local educated people primarily to solicit information about natural resources, community facilities, and likely impacts of the Project. The fourth level was with affected communities. The fifth level included consultation with people potentially affected by the Project, including women members of affected families on an individual level. Prior to these consultations, relevant information, such as a description of the Project and its objectives and an explanation of possible adverse effects of the proposed Project, were disseminated in a form and language meaningful to the groups consulted. Major perceived benefits as identified during the community consultations were (i) reduced travel time; (ii) better access to public amenities; (iii) significant economic opportunities resulting from increased access to markets; (iv) benefits to local businesses from increased air traffic; and (v) increased regional development in terms of industry, tourism, and development of crafts industries. The major perceived losses included (i) loss of residential and agricultural properties; (ii) safety risks posed by increased numbers of aircraft; (iv) children's loss of playing areas following the fencing of airports; and (v) increased noise pollution. The results from the community consultation were taken into account during project planning and were incorporated into the preparation of the resettlement plan as well as the preparation of mitigation measures.

Status of Covenants

Category Rating
Loan 2105
Sector Satisfactory
Social Satisfactory
Financial Satisfactory
Economic
Others Satisfactory
Safe Satisfactory
Project Financial Statements



Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

Project Data Sheets (PDS)

Timetable

Fact-finding
02 Aug 2004 to 14 Aug 2004

Management Review Meeting
08 Sep 2004

Board Approval
23 Nov 2004

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